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Outcomes of democracy and challenges to democracy

highly preferable for 10th class navodayan students


by sahithreddy chethireddy

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Outcomes of democracy and challenges to democracy

  1. 1. 03/28/15
  2. 2. 03/28/15
  3. 3. 03/28/15
  4. 4. 03/28/15 DEMOCRACY PROMOTES EQUALITY AMONG CITIZENS •IT IS ONE OF THE MAJOR CHARACTERISTIC FEATURE OF DEMOCRACY •BEFORE DEMOCRACY ALL THE SECTIONS OF PEOPLE ARE TREATED EQUALLY IRRESPECTIVE OF CASTE,GENDER,RELIGION,etc
  5. 5. 03/28/15 ENHANCES THE DIGNITY OF THE INDIVIDUAL •DEMOCRACY ENHANCES DIGNITY EVEN IN SOCIETY AND NATION IMPROVES THE QUALITY OF DECISION MAKING •DEMOCRACY ALSO IMPROVES THE POWER OF DECISION MAKING IN PEOPLE AND GOVERNMENT
  6. 6. 03/28/15 PROVIDES A METHOD TO RESOLVE CONFLICTS ALLOWS ROOM TO CORRECT MISTAKES
  7. 7. 03/28/15 IT IS A LEGITIMATE GOVERNMENT IT IS SLOW,LESS EFFICIENT, AND NOT VERY RESPONSIVE
  8. 8. 03/28/15 IT IS PEOPLES OWN GOVERNMENT IT HAS ITS OWN ABILITY TO GENERATE ITS OWN SUPPORT
  9. 9. 03/28/15 OUTCOMES OF DEMOCRACY
  10. 10. 03/28/15 DEMOCRACY IS JUST A FORM OF GOVERNMENT IT ONLY CREATE CONDITIONS TO ACHIEVE SOMETHING CITIZENS HAVE TO TAKE
  11. 11. 03/28/15 THINGS A DEMOCRACY MUST PROVIDE
  12. 12. 03/28/15 PEOPLE HAVE THE RIGHT TO CHOOSE RULERS AND PEOPLE HAVE CONTROL OVER RULERS PEOPLES PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING
  13. 13. 03/28/15 GOVERNMENT SHOULD BE MORE ACCOUNTABLE TO CITIZENS, RESPONSIVE TO THE NEEDS,AND EXPECTATIONS OF THE CITIZENS
  14. 14. 03/28/15 DEMOCRACY IS BASED ON THE IDEA OF DELIBERATION AND NEGOTIATIONS COST OF THAT DEMOCRACY PAYS IS WORTH IT
  15. 15. 03/28/15 GOVERNMENT HAS TO FOLLOW PROCEDURES AND ITS DECISIONS MUST BE BOTH MORE ACCEPTABLE AND EFFECTIVE DEMOCRACY ENSURES THAT DECISION MAKING WILL BE BASED ON NORMS AND PROCEDURES
  16. 16. 03/28/15 DEMOCRACY DEVELOPS MECHANISMS FOR CITIZENS TO HOLD THE GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABLE AND TAKE PART IN DECISION MAKING DEMOCRACY PROVIDES TRANSPARANCY
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  18. 18. 03/28/15 REGULAR,FREE AND FAIR ELECTIONS OPEN PUBLIC DEBATE ON MAJOR POLICIES AND LEGISLATIONS
  19. 19. 03/28/15 CITIZENS RIGHT TO INFORMATION ABOUT THE GOVERNMENT AND ITS FUNCTIONING
  20. 20. TAINED RECORDS • Fall short of elections that provide a fair chance to everyone and in subjecting every decision to public debate • Sharing information with citizens • Frustrate the needs of the people • Corruption
  21. 21. 03/28/15 EXPECTATION OF PEOPLE FROM GOVERNMENT •We can expect the Government to be attentive to the needs of the people and their demands and at the same time the Government has to be free of corruption
  22. 22. 03/28/15 ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT •1950 – 2000 : Dictatorships have higher rate of Economic growth
  23. 23. 03/28/15 FACTORS ON WHICH ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DEPENDS COUNTRIES POPULATION SIZE
  24. 24. 03/28/15 GLOBAL SITUATION •Global situation plays a crucial role in deciding countries economic growth and development CO-OPERATION FROM OTHER COUNTRIES
  25. 25. 03/28/15 ECONOMIC PRIORITIES ADOPTED BY A COUNTRY
  26. 26. 03/28/15 Democracy does not appear to be successful in reducing economic inequalities A small number of ultra rich enjoy a highly disproportionate share of wealth and income Their share in total income is increasing People at the bottom of society have very little to depend on
  27. 27. OUTCOMES OF DEMOCRACY  POLITICAL EQUALITY • All individuals have equal weight in electing representatives
  28. 28. 03/28/15 Accommodation of Social Diversities •Democracy is the best government to respect differences and evolve a mechanism to negotiate differences Example : Belgium
  29. 29. 03/28/15 MAJORITY TO WORK WITH MINORITY •Rule by majority means that in case of every election, different persons and groups may and can form majority •It should not establish majoritarian measures •No discrimination
  30. 30. 03/28/15 DIGNITY & FREEDOM OF INDIVIDUALS •Passion for respect and freedom are the basis of democracy DIGNITY OF WOMEN •Gaining some sensitivity due to long struggles •Respect to and equal treatment of women are necessary
  31. 31. 03/28/15 •In India, democracy has strengthened the claims of the disadvantaged and discriminated castes for equal status and opportunity •Reservation in jobs and in educational institutions •Constitutional provisions for safeguarding the interests of minorities, weaker sections and backward classes •It is the recognition that makes ordinary citizens value their democratic rights Mention the steps taken to reduce the effects of casteism in Democracy
  32. 32. OUTCOMES OF DEMOCRACY • Success of democracy comes with more expectations and complaints from people which indirectly indicates participation • People have developed awareness and ability to expect and look critically at power holders
  33. 33. 03/28/15
  34. 34. 03/28/15 CHALLENGES FACED BY INDIAN DEMOCRACY •DIFFICULTIES ARE CALLED CHALLENGES WHICH ARE OF GREATER IMPORTANCE AND SHOULD BE OVERCOME OR SHOULD BE REMOVED •WE CAN GO TO HIGHER LEVEL ONLY BY OVERCOMING THE CHALLENGES •DEMOCRACY IN INDIA IS FACING NUMBER OF CHALLENGES
  35. 35. 03/28/15
  36. 36. 03/28/15 CHALLENGES TO INDIAN DEMOCRACY ARE: CASTEISM COMMUNALISM REGIONALISM POVERTY UNEMPLOYMENT CASTE DISCRIMINATION
  37. 37. 03/28/15 CASTEISM
  38. 38. 03/28/15 COMMUNALISM
  39. 39. 03/28/15 REGIONALISM
  40. 40. 03/28/15 POVERTY
  41. 41. 03/28/15 UNEMPLOYMENT
  42. 42. 03/28/15 CASTE DISCRIMINATION
  43. 43. 03/28/15 THREE BASIC CHALLENGES FACED BY INDIAN DEMOCRACY CHALLENGE OF FOUNDATION • ESTABLISHMENT OF DEMOCRACY BY BRINGING DOWN A NON-DEMOCRATIC RULE BY KEEPING AWAY THE MILITARY AND SETTING UP A SOVEREIGN STATE
  44. 44. 03/28/15 CHALLENGE OF EXPANSION • BY GIVING GREATER POWER TO LOCAL GOVERNMENT,EXTENDING FEDERAL PRINCIPAL TO ALL INCLUDING WOMEN •EXAMPLE:INDIA
  45. 45. 03/28/15 DEEPENING OF DEMOCRACY •BY STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONS THAT HELP PEOPLES PARTICIPATION AND CONTROL •THIS COULD BE DONE BY BRINGING DOWN THE CONTROL OF RICH AND POWERFUL PEOPLE IN DECISION- MAKING
  46. 46. 03/28/15 REASONS FOR CONCLUDING THAT DEMOCRACY IS DIFFERENT FROM OTHER PARTS OF GOVERNMENT IT GIVES EQUAL CHANCES TO ALL ITS CITIZENS TO TAKE PART IN THE POLITICAL PROCESS FATE OF THE COUNTRY IS IN THE HANDS OF THE PEOPLE,NOT IN THE HANDS OF AN AUTOCRATIC RULER
  47. 47. 03/28/15 DEMOCRATIC REFORMS •SUGGESTIONS WHICH WOULD HELP IN OVERCOMING THE DIFFERENT CHALLENGES TO DEMOCRACY •DEMOCRATIC REFORMS CAN BE CARRIED OUT BY POLITICAL PARTIES,MOVEMENTS,POLITICAL ACTIVISTS AND POLITICALLY CONSIOUS CITIZENS •CERTAIN LAWS SHOULD BE MADE TO BRING OUT UNDESIRABLE THINGS FROM THE DEMOCRACY,IF LAWS COULD BE CHANGED AND IMPLEMENTED CAREFULLY THEN INDIAN DEMOCRACY CAN BECOME MORE EFFECTIVE
  48. 48. 03/28/15 WAYS AND MEANS OF POLITICAL REFORMS IN INDIA THROUGH LAW •POLITICAL ACTIVISTS,PARTIES,MOVEMENTS AND POLITICAL CONSIOUS CITIZENS CAN DEVISE LAWS WHICH CAN DISCOURAGE WRONG POLITICAL PRACTICES
  49. 49. 03/28/15 LEGAL CHANGESMUST BE CAREFULLY DONE •IT MUST EMPOWER PEOPLE TO CARRY OUT DEMOCRATIC REFORMS LIKE-THE RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT •THE RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT MAKES PEOPLE TO FIND OUT WHAT IS HAPPENING IN THE GOVERNMENT •THIS WILL HELP TO CHECK CORRUPTION
  50. 50. 03/28/15 REFORMS TO BE BROUGHT ABOUT PRINCIPALLY •TO STRENGTHEN DEMOCRATIC PRACTICES LIKE IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF POLITICAL PARTICIPATION BY ORDINARY PEOPLE
  51. 51. 03/28/15 DIGNITY AND FREEDOM OF CITIZENS RIGHT TO MOVE ANY WHERE IN THE COUNTRY
  52. 52. 03/28/15 SIX FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS TO ALL THE PEOPLE FREE TO PROPAGATE AND PROMOTE HIS RELIGION AND CULTURE
  53. 53. 03/28/15 DEMOCRACY COULD BE STRENGTHEN BY: BASIC RIGHTS
  54. 54. 03/28/15 EDUCATED MASSES ECONOMIC EQUALITY
  55. 55. 03/28/15 FREEDOM OF PRESS
  56. 56. 03/28/15 REFILLING DEMOCRACY
  57. 57. 03/28/15

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