8051 microcontroller and embedded training (sahil gupta 9068557926)

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Training PPT on 8051 microcontroller and embedded

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8051 microcontroller and embedded training (sahil gupta 9068557926)

  1. 1. Presentation on The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems
  2. 2. • An embedded system is some combination of computer hardware and software that is specifically designed for a particular function. • Embedded systems employ the use of a RTOS . (Real-Time Operating System). • RTOS sets the rules during execution of application processes to enable finishing of a process within the assigned time interval and with assigned priority. INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED SYSTEM
  3. 3. • Consumer electronics • Telecommunications • Automobiles • Medical Instruments • Industrial control equipment • Defense • Banking & Finance • Entertainment • Office automation APPLICATIONS OF EMBEDDED SYSTEM
  4. 4. • A microcontroller is a computer-on-a-chip. • Micro suggests that the device is small, and controller tells you that the devise might be used to control objects, processes, or events. • Another term to describe a microcontroller is embedded controller, because the microcontroller and its support circuits are often built into, or embedded in, the devices they control. INTRODUCTION TO MICROCONTROLLER
  5. 5. MICROPROCESSOR • Microprocessor is heart of Computer system • It is just a processor. Memory and I/O components have to be connected externally. • Since memory and I/O components are all external,it is relatively slower. • Microprocessors are based on von Neumann model/ architecture. • Cost of the entire system increases. • Microprocessor have less number of registers • Micro Controller is a heart of embedded system. • Micro controller has internal memory and I/O components. • Since memory and I/O components are all internal, it is relatively faster. • Micro controllers are based on Harvard architecture. • Cost of the entire system is low. • Micro controller have more number of registers MICROCONTROLLER MICROPROCESSOR Vs MICROCONTROLLER
  6. 6. A DESCRIPTIVE BLOCK DIAGRAM OF MICROPROCESSOR & MICROCONTROLLER
  7. 7. • The 8051 is an 8-bit processor • 128 bytes of RAM • 4K bytes of on-chip ROM • Two timers each of 16 bits • One serial port • Four I/O ports, each 8 bits wide • 8 bits program status word (PSW) • Oscillator and clock circuits • 4 register banks where each has 8 registers • 21 SFRs ( Special Function Register) 8051 ARCHITECTURE
  8. 8. PIN DIAGRAM OF 8051
  9. 9. • The four 8-bit I/O ports P0, P1, P2 and P3 each uses 8 pins. • PORT 0: It can be used for input or output, each pin must be connected externally to a 10K ohm pull-up resistor. • PORT 1,2 & 3: these ports do not need any pull-up resistors since they already have pull-up resistors internally. • To reconfigure it as an input, a 1 must be sent to the port. • To reconfigure it as an output, a 0 must be sent to the port. • All the ports upon RESET are configured as input, ready to be used as input ports. • Sometimes we need to access only 1 or 2 bits of the port, then we use ‘sbit’ to use these pins separately. INPUT / OUTPUT PORTS
  10. 10. PSW (Program Status Word)
  11. 11. • Interfacing of LEDs with 8051 microcontroller. • Interfacing of LCD with 8051 microcontroller. • Interfacing of DC motor with 8051 microcontroller. • Interfacing of 7-segment with 8051 microcontroller. INTERFACING WITH 8051
  12. 12. PROJECT WORK
  13. 13. • This project is designed to demonstrate the technology used in now a day’s driver less metro trains. • These trains are equipped with the CPU, which controls the train. • The train is programmed for the specific path. • Every station on the path is defined; stoppage, timing of the train and distance between the two stations is predefined. To be continued… INTRODUCTION TO METRO TRAIN PROTOTYPE USING 8051
  14. 14. … • Here we are using 2 stepper motors. One represents the motion of the train and the other represents the opening and closing of the doors. • We are using an LCD display to provide information. • Before stopping at station, the LCD will display the up next station’s name, then the indication of opening/closing of the doors.
  15. 15. Proposed Circuit for Metro Train Prototype

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