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E voting


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E voting

  1. 1. Presented By:- Saheeba Javid (35-cse-2011) 1
  2. 2. Contents:-  Introduction  Present system  Disadvantages of present system  Proposed system  Over view  Voting machine  Eye retina scanning  Interface device  Working of whole system  Hurdles in the path of implementation  Security  Efficiency  Future enhancements  Conclusion 2
  3. 3. 3  Now a days voting system is replaced by electronic machine to carry out voting.  In Global Wireless E-Voting , the machine is made intelligent which can determine the eligibility of the voter and also the vote count is not kept into the same machine itself instead of it ,it is stored in the remote server.  In India election has supreme weight age. So to make it secured and efficient in the vision of modern technology we are using “Global Wireless E-Voting”.
  4. 4. 4 Present system:-  Since now a days voting is carried out using Ballot Boxes.  Now in present system each and every section is given a ballot box to store the votes of people.  Control of present system is given to the incharge officer. He only checks the eligibility of the candidate and allows the eligible candidate for voting.  Finally we collect all the ballot boxes at a place and go for counting.
  5. 5. 5  After voting if any technical problems or damage occurs with the ballot it may leads to the re- election.  The ballot is not able to recognize the eligibility of a candidate, so may misguide the people.  The person from any other region cannot vote for a candidate of any other region.  The voting takes place where the machine is located.
  6. 6. 6  In our system we are trying to keep counting of votes into a remote secured system.  In this system we are using an electronic circuit which enables the voter to vote and transfer this vote to the remote system by converting it to radio wave through the mobile towers.  Our machine can check the eligibility of the candidate by itself, so there is no question of corruption. Machine itself is automated to check the eligibility of the candidates.  Here we don’t need to go for re-election even if the machine is damaged.  Here we can vote from anywhere even though being a voter of another region.
  7. 7. s Is it legally possible to vote via the Internet? [Law] How can electronic voting via the Internet work technically? [Technology] Does e-Voting raise the voter turnout? [Sociopolitics] Overview:- 7
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  9. 9.  Radio waves representing scanned retina pattern and vote to Mobile tower.  Radio waves representing scanned retina pattern and vote to remote server.  Acknowledgement (+ve or –ve) from the server to mobile tower.  Acknowledgement (+ve or –ve) from mobile tower to Interface device.  Ready signal if retina is scanned properly to voting machine. And if –ve signal then alert alarm will be activated.  Accepted vote is made to flow to the interface device. 9
  10. 10.  The voting machine is actually a device which generates the different voltages for different votes these voltages are fed to the ADC i.e., analog to digital converter which is then converted to digital bits then can be converted to radio waves. 10
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  12. 12.  The eye retina machine be a simple web cam or device which can capture the images effectively .the captured image will be represented in the form of a matrix where each pixel represents 24- bit (RGB, 8+8+8 format) 12
  13. 13.  This beam of light traces a standardized path on the retina. Because retinal blood vessels are more absorbent of this light than the rest of the eye, the amount of reflection varies during the scan. The pattern of variations is converted to computer code and stored in a database 13
  14. 14.  This is an electronic kit which converts the input digital signals such as (retina pattern + votes+ secure bits) to radio waves. 14
  15. 15.  Whenever voters enter to voting booth then he will be instructed to directly look at retina scanning machine and the machine scans the retina after that voter is made to vote.  Now the whole data including the retina pattern is sent to interfacing device which converts it into radio waves and these radio waves are sent to mobile tower.  And then to the remote server, where the authentication and voters identification is stored into a secured database. 15
  16. 16.  The received data is first converted into digital format from the radio waves through the interface device kept at the server side, and then retina pattern and vote separated.  Next the retina pattern is matched against the existing database .  If match is found then flag is checked which indicates its voting status i.e. +ve acknowledgment.  This acknowledgement is recognized by the receiver kept at the voter side and machine is made to scan next retina pattern and vote, otherwise if negative acknowledgement then alert alarm is made to ring. 16
  17. 17.  Security  Efficiency  Geographical Problems 17
  18. 18.  Uses Key Complex Encryption algorithm.  First it finds the length of the string.  Generate the random numbers equal to the length of the string.  Add the corresponding Characters from the given string and random values. 18
  19. 19. E.g. KSHITIJ A) 8 12 34 4 11 9 26  The ASCII value for KSHITIJ are K S H I T I J B) 75 83 72 73 84 73 74  Add corresponding A) and B) values as 8+75 12+83 34+72 4+73 11+84 9+73 26+74 83 95 106 77 95 82 100 19
  20. 20.  Applying compression Algorithms .  Using distributed Operating system environment with multiple servers.  Code division multiple access(CDMA) technique. 20
  21. 21.  It occurs where the technical facilities service is not present.  In this case will convert the vote and retina pattern into the electrical information .  And pass it through the electrical conductors until we reach the area where the technical facilities like internet or mobile tower is available.  Here the eye scanner will be web cam. 21
  22. 22. Future Enhancements:- 22
  23. 23.  This project can be enhanced to work over the mobiles that is voting is made possible through the mobile through SMS.  This machine can be made vote through the INTERNET. 23
  24. 24.  Provides high level of security, authentication, reliability, and corruption-free mechanism.  By this we can get result with in minute after a completion of voting.  Minimum manpower Utilization, hence mechanism is error free. 24
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