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FEDERALISM The Structure of Our Government
FEDERALISM <ul><li>Definition- A political system in which two or more governments have sovereignty (authority) over the s...
Why Federalism? <ul><li>1) Checks the growth of tyranny- does not allow one level to have too much power & prohibits the g...
Alternatives to Federalism <ul><li>Unitary government- all power rests with the federal government.  </li></ul><ul><li>Uni...
Constitutional Basis of Federalism <ul><li>The word federalism is not mentioned in the Constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>The...
Types of Federalism <ul><li>Dual Federalism- both governments are sovereign within their own sphere. </li></ul><ul><li>Als...
Key Features of Federalism  <ul><li>There are two or more levels of government. </li></ul><ul><li>No fundamental change ca...
Kinds of Federation  <ul><li>Holding together federations- </li></ul><ul><li>A large country decides to divide its power b...
What makes India a federal country ? <ul><li>Powers are divided as- </li></ul><ul><li>Union list </li></ul><ul><li>State l...
Decentralization in India <ul><li>Decentralization means that some power is taken away from the central and state govt. an...
Federalism in U.S.A. <ul><li>Federalism in the United States  is the evolving relationship between  U.S. state  government...
<ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>
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Federalism [e doc find.com]

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Federalism [e doc find.com]

  1. 1. FEDERALISM The Structure of Our Government
  2. 2. FEDERALISM <ul><li>Definition- A political system in which two or more governments have sovereignty (authority) over the same area and people. </li></ul><ul><li>This government form is established in the US Constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>The federal government is granted powers, the state is given powers, they share powers, and they are prohibited powers. </li></ul><ul><li>Other nations that choose federalism include India, Canada, Germany & Australia. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Federalism? <ul><li>1) Checks the growth of tyranny- does not allow one level to have too much power & prohibits the gov’t from doing certain things. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Allows for experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>3) Increases political activity </li></ul>
  4. 4. Alternatives to Federalism <ul><li>Unitary government- all power rests with the federal government. </li></ul><ul><li>Unitary- France, Italy, Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Confederation- loose association of independent states. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: UAE, Switzerland, USA (pre- Constitution) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Constitutional Basis of Federalism <ul><li>The word federalism is not mentioned in the Constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>The founders carefully defined the powers of state and national governments. </li></ul><ul><li>Although the federal government was favored, states were retained as vital components of government. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Federalism <ul><li>Dual Federalism- both governments are sovereign within their own sphere. </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as layer cake federalism. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative Federalism- Various levels of government work together to deliver public services. </li></ul><ul><li>Also called marble cake federalism. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Key Features of Federalism <ul><li>There are two or more levels of government. </li></ul><ul><li>No fundamental change can be made in the constitution without the consent of all levels of government. </li></ul><ul><li>Each level of govt. has clearly specified source of revenue to avoid conflict. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Kinds of Federation <ul><li>Holding together federations- </li></ul><ul><li>A large country decides to divide its power between the states and central govts. </li></ul><ul><li>Coming together federations- </li></ul><ul><li>Independent states voluntarily form bigger union. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What makes India a federal country ? <ul><li>Powers are divided as- </li></ul><ul><li>Union list </li></ul><ul><li>State list </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent list </li></ul>
  10. 10. Decentralization in India <ul><li>Decentralization means that some power is taken away from the central and state govt. and given to local govt. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Federalism in U.S.A. <ul><li>Federalism in the United States  is the evolving relationship between  U.S. state  governments and the  federal government of the United States . </li></ul><ul><li>Since the founding of the country, and particularly with the end of the American Civil War, power shifted away from the states and towards the national government. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>

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