TETRA AssociationTETRA Association
Congress IndiaCongress India
New DelhiNew Delhi
1010thth Nov 2011Nov 2011
TETRA for Ind...
Why TETRA eludesWhy TETRA eludes
India?India?
TETRA operationally is moreTETRA operationally is moreTETRA operationally is...
TETRA eludes IndiaTETRA eludes India
When it’s a reality thatWhen it’s a reality that
excellent public safetyexcellent pub...
System PerformanceSystem Performance
RequirementRequirement
••CoverageCoverage-- qualityquality ofof serviceservice••Cover...
TETRATETRA-- NEEDNEED
••ServiceService ProviderProvider NeededNeeded
••OEMOEM toto provideprovide equipmentequipment
••Sys...
TETRATETRA-- NEEDNEED
Bangalore TETRA coverageBangalore TETRA coverage
Phase IPhase I
••Bangalore TETRA coverage anBangalo...
TETRATETRA-- NEEDNEED
Bangalore TETRA coverageBangalore TETRA coverage
Phase IIPhase II
Bangalore TETRA to districtsBangal...
One Karnataka One TETRAOne Karnataka One TETRA
TETRATETRA-- NEEDNEED
••Bangalore Talk GroupsBangalore Talk Groups
information is the keyinformation is the key
••Bangalor...
TETRATETRA-- NEEDNEED
••Bangalore Talk GroupsBangalore Talk Groups
configured in consultation withconfigured in consultati...
Base StationBase Station
RequirementsRequirements
••Base station requirements shallBase station requirements shall
be deci...
BaseBase StationStation
••Every base station shall beEvery base station shall be
networked and wirednetworked and wired
••...
SystemSystem IntegratorsIntegrators RoleRole
•• Propose solution using broadPropose solution using broad
spectrum of equip...
TETRATETRA
ProcurementProcurement IssuesIssues
LackLack ofof ClarityClarity
••TopologyTopology-- onlyonly radiusradius ofo...
TETRA Blueprint forTETRA Blueprint for
IndiaIndia
To gain the confidence of theTo gain the confidence of the
Indian Law En...
TETRATETRA
StandardizationStandardization
A standard TETRA formatA standard TETRA format
needs to be created which isneeds...
TETRA’s finalTETRA’s final
integrationintegration
Can TETRA be fully integratedCan TETRA be fully integratedCan TETRA be f...
TETRATETRA
••QuestionsQuestions••QuestionsQuestions
•• ClarificationsClarifications ofof thethe TopologyTopology
•• Limita...
ThankThank YouYou
Presentation Structure
Tetra Radio Communication
Interceptions
City based video surveillance
Internet and other issues
Res...
Public safety involves the prevention
of and protection from events that
could endanger the safety of the
general public f...
Public safety in the ICT parlance is
being talked about only in terms of
Command and Control Centers and
Safe Cities and m...
Homeland Security
Do we know of all the organizations which finally
merged into Homeland Security?
How did all these organ...
Safe City
A concept created by large number of companies to
provided an integrated solution to the law enforcement
require...
Safe City
Generally based on city divided into grids
Method of allocating resources efficiently
Clear definition of rolesC...
Command, Control, Communication
and Intelligence Center includes
A monitoring center
Call Center
Operations RoomOperations...
Command, Control, Communication
and Intelligence Center includes
Intelligence Data Center
Digital Communication
Mobile dat...
The System is designed to support
activities in three levels
Routine
Deterrence
Detection
AlertAlert
Preparations
Emergenc...
TETRA
• Radio systems are still the backbone in a modern
public safety and security network, because the field
operations ...
Specialized group communication
•one-to-many communication
•Push-to-talk, instant call
connection in less than 0.5 sec
Hig...
Fire dept.Fire dept.Fire dept.Fire dept.
TrafficTrafficTrafficTraffic
RescueRescueRescueRescue
PublicPublicPublicPublic
In...
Fire dept.Fire dept.Fire dept.Fire dept.
TrafficTrafficTrafficTraffic
policepolicepolicepolice
RescueRescueRescueRescue
TE...
• No technical communication barriers between
organizations
• Enables efficient co-operation between authorities
especiall...
• Enables new data-intensive applications:
- high quality images
- multimedia video clips
- access to intra/internet
- fie...
Communication
Intercepted
Voice Fax
SMS Data
Interceptions for Intelligence and
Law Enforcement
• Mass intercept solution
• Internet Intercept solution
Data mining, Vi...
DCC Mgmt
Server
Display
Ethernet
Swicth
Mass Interception
Sub-system
Cross Connects, Media and Filtering
Servers
Call Mgmt...
City Based Video Surviellance
New advances in
Video surveillance cameras
Video Analytics and
Automated Response
Makes it a...
Law Enforcement Agencies benefit from
Improved citizen service levels through increased
situational awareness and faster r...
Law Enforcement Agencies benefit from
Improved citizen service levels through increased
situational awareness and faster r...
• VoIP calls are encrypted, bypass international
gateways and cannot be monitored.
• No regulations on VoIP
• No tracking ...
• Steganography Software
• SMS spoofing, SIM cloning, IMEI modification are
serious security threats
• Unlicensed mobile a...
Standardisation and uniformity at all levels
Integration of available infrastructure
Vendors attitude
Assimilation of tech...
ERP Solution for database creation and
information processing
GIS based Crime Analysis and Research Engine
eBeats
Responsi...
Internet interception mechanism
Integration of all important databases
Command and Control Center
Responsive technological...
Thank YouThank You
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
TETRA Association Congress in India
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TETRA Association Congress in India

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TETRA Association Congress India
New Delhi, Nov 2011

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TETRA Association Congress in India

  1. 1. TETRA AssociationTETRA Association Congress IndiaCongress India New DelhiNew Delhi 1010thth Nov 2011Nov 2011 TETRA for Indian LawTETRA for Indian Law Enforcement AgenciesEnforcement Agencies Sanjay Sahay, IGP, Karnataka Dr. Raghu Rao Computer Scientist
  2. 2. Why TETRA eludesWhy TETRA eludes India?India? TETRA operationally is moreTETRA operationally is moreTETRA operationally is moreTETRA operationally is more than a decade old with nothan a decade old with no major footprint in thismajor footprint in this countrycountry WHY?WHY?
  3. 3. TETRA eludes IndiaTETRA eludes India When it’s a reality thatWhen it’s a reality that excellent public safetyexcellent public safetyexcellent public safetyexcellent public safety communication networkcommunication network improves our response toimproves our response to War on Terror, organizedWar on Terror, organized crime and disastercrime and disaster managementmanagement
  4. 4. System PerformanceSystem Performance RequirementRequirement ••CoverageCoverage-- qualityquality ofof serviceservice••CoverageCoverage-- qualityquality ofof serviceservice inin aa radialradial meshmesh ofof 4040 kmskms ••AvailabilityAvailability-- LowLow signalsignal loss/lowloss/low signalsignal toto noisenoise ratioratio ••LoadingLoading-- MultipleMultiple talktalk groupsgroups
  5. 5. TETRATETRA-- NEEDNEED ••ServiceService ProviderProvider NeededNeeded ••OEMOEM toto provideprovide equipmentequipment ••SystemSystem IntegratorIntegrator toto configureconfigure••SystemSystem IntegratorIntegrator toto configureconfigure thethe systemsystem ••UserUser AgencyAgency shallshall definedefine thethe needneed withwith clarityclarity ••KSPKSP toto movemove fromfrom RFRF toto TrunkTrunk ModeMode
  6. 6. TETRATETRA-- NEEDNEED Bangalore TETRA coverageBangalore TETRA coverage Phase IPhase I ••Bangalore TETRA coverage anBangalore TETRA coverage an integrated service for all public safetyintegrated service for all public safety stakeholdersstakeholders ••Bangalore Talk Groups in phase oneBangalore Talk Groups in phase one would be on broadcast modewould be on broadcast mode ••Bangalore Talk Groups ( Police) onBangalore Talk Groups ( Police) on enforcement modeenforcement mode
  7. 7. TETRATETRA-- NEEDNEED Bangalore TETRA coverageBangalore TETRA coverage Phase IIPhase II Bangalore TETRA to districtsBangalore TETRA to districts
  8. 8. One Karnataka One TETRAOne Karnataka One TETRA
  9. 9. TETRATETRA-- NEEDNEED ••Bangalore Talk GroupsBangalore Talk Groups information is the keyinformation is the key ••Bangalore Talk Log shall beBangalore Talk Log shall be used as enforceable decisionused as enforceable decision ••Bangalore Police Talk groupsBangalore Police Talk groups shall be able to listen to other talkshall be able to listen to other talk groupsgroups
  10. 10. TETRATETRA-- NEEDNEED ••Bangalore Talk GroupsBangalore Talk Groups configured in consultation withconfigured in consultation with other departmentsother departmentsother departmentsother departments •• One Bangalore coverage is aOne Bangalore coverage is a single roll out across allsingle roll out across all departmentsdepartments ••Base Station RequirementsBase Station Requirements
  11. 11. Base StationBase Station RequirementsRequirements ••Base station requirements shallBase station requirements shall be decided on the maps ofbe decided on the maps of existing infrastructure and theexisting infrastructure and theexisting infrastructure and theexisting infrastructure and the proposed infrastructureproposed infrastructure •• Delivery of voice to the last mileDelivery of voice to the last mile ••Direct Mode Operation only inDirect Mode Operation only in very High Rise Buildingsvery High Rise Buildings
  12. 12. BaseBase StationStation ••Every base station shall beEvery base station shall be networked and wirednetworked and wired •• Every base station shall provideEvery base station shall provide clear voice to all talk groups in lineclear voice to all talk groups in line of sight modeof sight mode •• Base Station location inBase Station location in consultation with the user Agencyconsultation with the user Agency
  13. 13. SystemSystem IntegratorsIntegrators RoleRole •• Propose solution using broadPropose solution using broad spectrum of equipmentsspectrum of equipments •• Ensure Quality of Service (QOS)Ensure Quality of Service (QOS) •• Comprehensive SLAComprehensive SLA ••Complete DeComplete De--risk Surveyrisk Survey
  14. 14. TETRATETRA ProcurementProcurement IssuesIssues LackLack ofof ClarityClarity ••TopologyTopology-- onlyonly radiusradius ofof operationoperation defineddefined-- 4040 kmskms •• BaseBase StationStation SpecificationsSpecifications andand FunctionalityFunctionality notnot defineddefined ••ConnectivityConnectivity undefinedundefined
  15. 15. TETRA Blueprint forTETRA Blueprint for IndiaIndia To gain the confidence of theTo gain the confidence of the Indian Law EnforcementIndian Law EnforcementIndian Law EnforcementIndian Law Enforcement Agencies the TETRAAgencies the TETRA Association shouldAssociation should commission a R & D Projectcommission a R & D Project to map three major citiesto map three major cities Delhi, Mumbai and BangaloreDelhi, Mumbai and Bangalore to start with.to start with.
  16. 16. TETRATETRA StandardizationStandardization A standard TETRA formatA standard TETRA format needs to be created which isneeds to be created which isneeds to be created which isneeds to be created which is India centric and with the finalIndia centric and with the final goal on One India One TETRAgoal on One India One TETRA The key to its success isThe key to its success is uniform implementation of theuniform implementation of the technical frameworktechnical framework
  17. 17. TETRA’s finalTETRA’s final integrationintegration Can TETRA be fully integratedCan TETRA be fully integratedCan TETRA be fully integratedCan TETRA be fully integrated with the POLICE IT ERPwith the POLICE IT ERP Solution already operationalSolution already operational in the state providing ease ofin the state providing ease of use to the end user?use to the end user?
  18. 18. TETRATETRA ••QuestionsQuestions••QuestionsQuestions •• ClarificationsClarifications ofof thethe TopologyTopology •• LimitationsLimitations ofof solutionssolutions
  19. 19. ThankThank YouYou
  20. 20. Presentation Structure Tetra Radio Communication Interceptions City based video surveillance Internet and other issues Responsive technological framework for public safety Conclusion
  21. 21. Public safety involves the prevention of and protection from events that could endanger the safety of the general public from significant danger,general public from significant danger, injury/harm, or damage, such as crimes or disasters (natural or man- made).
  22. 22. Public safety in the ICT parlance is being talked about only in terms of Command and Control Centers and Safe Cities and misses out of its purview the rural India and nonpurview the rural India and non serious emergency situations related to day to day Public Order and Security
  23. 23. Homeland Security Do we know of all the organizations which finally merged into Homeland Security? How did all these organizations merge so seamlesslyHow did all these organizations merge so seamlessly into one command and control structure? In India?
  24. 24. Safe City A concept created by large number of companies to provided an integrated solution to the law enforcement requirements of a city Centralization of command & delegation of authorityCentralization of command & delegation of authority Integrated command System which is able to respond in a fraction of a second from a routine situation to a combat situation
  25. 25. Safe City Generally based on city divided into grids Method of allocating resources efficiently Clear definition of rolesClear definition of roles Proactive- Prevention and Deterrence Response time/Turn around time
  26. 26. Command, Control, Communication and Intelligence Center includes A monitoring center Call Center Operations RoomOperations Room Crisis Management (Emergency Operation Center EOC) Liaison Posts.
  27. 27. Command, Control, Communication and Intelligence Center includes Intelligence Data Center Digital Communication Mobile data terminals and GPS receiversMobile data terminals and GPS receivers Risk Mapping Display Urban Zones Division as derived from Risk Assessment Display
  28. 28. The System is designed to support activities in three levels Routine Deterrence Detection AlertAlert Preparations Emergency Response Recovery Standby Return to normality.
  29. 29. TETRA • Radio systems are still the backbone in a modern public safety and security network, because the field operations rely entirely on its functionality and reliability.reliability. • TETRA = TErrestrial Trunked RAdio • Mobile Telephony : GSM : : Radio Communication: TETRA
  30. 30. Specialized group communication •one-to-many communication •Push-to-talk, instant call connection in less than 0.5 sec High availability •Redundancy •Priorities •Direct Mode Operation •Base station fallback TETRA is purpose-built technology for mission critical communication •Base station fallback Uncompromising security •Authentication •Air interface encryption •End-to-end encryption •Disabling of stolen radios Advanced data services •Status and text messaging •IP packet data •High speed data - TEDS
  31. 31. Fire dept.Fire dept.Fire dept.Fire dept. TrafficTrafficTrafficTraffic RescueRescueRescueRescue PublicPublicPublicPublic In the past agencies used to have their own private, isolated radio communication systems TrafficTrafficTrafficTraffic policepolicepolicepolice Crime unitCrime unitCrime unitCrime unit PublicPublicPublicPublic transportationtransportationtransportationtransportation Power generationPower generationPower generationPower generation &&&& distributiondistributiondistributiondistribution AmbulanceAmbulanceAmbulanceAmbulance
  32. 32. Fire dept.Fire dept.Fire dept.Fire dept. TrafficTrafficTrafficTraffic policepolicepolicepolice RescueRescueRescueRescue TETRA enables sharing of a common infrastructure between all mission critical users TETRA Power generationPower generationPower generationPower generation &&&& distributiondistributiondistributiondistribution AmbulanceAmbulanceAmbulanceAmbulance PublicPublicPublicPublic transportationtransportationtransportationtransportation Crime unitCrime unitCrime unitCrime unit
  33. 33. • No technical communication barriers between organizations • Enables efficient co-operation between authorities especially in large incidents TETRA Enabling Services • Seamless communication readiness everywhere, while VPNs retain inter-agency privacy • Connecting independent networks together
  34. 34. • Enables new data-intensive applications: - high quality images - multimedia video clips - access to intra/internet - field command systems TETRA Enabling Services.. - field command systems • Sharing a common TETRA infrastructure by all authorities improves inter-agency cooperation in large incidents
  35. 35. Communication Intercepted Voice Fax SMS Data
  36. 36. Interceptions for Intelligence and Law Enforcement • Mass intercept solution • Internet Intercept solution Data mining, Visual Analytics• Data mining, Visual Analytics • Unified monitoring system • Lawful Interception gateway • Data Retention Solution
  37. 37. DCC Mgmt Server Display Ethernet Swicth Mass Interception Sub-system Cross Connects, Media and Filtering Servers Call Mgmt, Fax/Data OCR & Speech Primary Storage, Export & Archive Central Storage 6TB Effective Media Server 8xE1 Media Server 8xE1 Media Server 8xE1 Media Server 8xE1 Filtering Server 32xE1 DCC 128xE1 DCC OCR & Fax Server OCR & Fax Server Call Mgmt Server Data Server Speech Anlys. Server Backup & Archive Svr. Gateway Server Export Server DB Cluster Node 1 DB Cluster Node 2 Secondary Storage 60x146 GB SCSI RAW
  38. 38. City Based Video Surviellance New advances in Video surveillance cameras Video Analytics and Automated Response Makes it an important tool for the departmentMakes it an important tool for the department
  39. 39. Law Enforcement Agencies benefit from Improved citizen service levels through increased situational awareness and faster response to crime Increased quality of life for citizens because they feel safer Enhanced officer safetyEnhanced officer safety A force multiplier: more eyes in more places Reduced liability exposure
  40. 40. Law Enforcement Agencies benefit from Improved citizen service levels through increased situational awareness and faster response to crime Enhanced video evidence Ability to merge fixed and mobile video with audio and stillAbility to merge fixed and mobile video with audio and still photos into one file jacket for case prosecution Reduced operational costs
  41. 41. • VoIP calls are encrypted, bypass international gateways and cannot be monitored. • No regulations on VoIP • No tracking mechanisms for VoIP in place Internet Issues • Why no verification before opening an email account? • Interception at internet gateways? • The sheer volume of IP data and myriad ways in which people communicate
  42. 42. • Steganography Software • SMS spoofing, SIM cloning, IMEI modification are serious security threats • Unlicensed mobile access Issues • Unlicensed mobile access • Thuraya Satellite phones • Illegal ILD exchanges l
  43. 43. Standardisation and uniformity at all levels Integration of available infrastructure Vendors attitude Assimilation of technology General Issues Assimilation of technology Capacity building Need for a technical cadre l
  44. 44. ERP Solution for database creation and information processing GIS based Crime Analysis and Research Engine eBeats Responsive technological framework for Public Safety eBeats City based video surveillance system Automatic Vehicle Location System Tetra Radio Network
  45. 45. Internet interception mechanism Integration of all important databases Command and Control Center Responsive technological framework for Public Safety Command and Control Center Smart City/Safe City Concept in place Implementation of Homeland Security concept
  46. 46. Thank YouThank You

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