NUR 151 EBP and Library Research<br />
LEARNING OBJECTIVES<br /><ul><li>Distinguish a research article from other types of articles
Describe & understand the importance of peer  review
Distinguish between qualitative  & quantitative research
Describe differences between databases & the internet
Describe the content in CINAHL & Medline
Conduct a keyword search in CINAHL & Medline</li></li></ul><li>PRIMARY RESEARCH ARTICLES<br />Reports on the results of a ...
TYPICAL FORMAT OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE<br />Abstract <br />Introduction<br />Methods<br />Results<br />Discussion<br />Works...
PEER REVIEW<br />A process done by many scholarly journals<br />Expert reviewers (peers) evaluate the article’s methodolog...
RESEARCHERS GENERALLY FOLLOW ONE OF TWO TYPES OF METHODOLOGIES:<br />Qualitative-investigations which use sensory methods ...
There are other types of content in peer reviewed journals<br />Peer reviewed journals publish original research as well a...
TYPES OF CONTENT IN PEER REVIEWED JOURNALS<br />
Review Articles<br />Author(s) describe or summarize the research of others <br />Attempt to identify trends or draw broad...
Case Studies<br />A detailed report on one patient/case<br />Draws conclusions only on that one patient in that context-i....
NOTE: ALL OF THESE ARTICLE TYPES CAN APPEAR IN A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL<br />
Internet vs. Databases<br />Internet<br />Databases<br />Broad sweep of information<br />Unorganized/unstructured<br />Inc...
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NUR 151 Research Tuesday class

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NUR 151 Research Tuesday class

  1. 1. NUR 151 EBP and Library Research<br />
  2. 2. LEARNING OBJECTIVES<br /><ul><li>Distinguish a research article from other types of articles
  3. 3. Describe & understand the importance of peer review
  4. 4. Distinguish between qualitative & quantitative research
  5. 5. Describe differences between databases & the internet
  6. 6. Describe the content in CINAHL & Medline
  7. 7. Conduct a keyword search in CINAHL & Medline</li></li></ul><li>PRIMARY RESEARCH ARTICLES<br />Reports on the results of a single study or experiment<br />Can be qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods research<br />The author(s) of the article is/are the person(s) who conducted the study or experiment. <br />
  8. 8. TYPICAL FORMAT OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE<br />Abstract <br />Introduction<br />Methods<br />Results<br />Discussion<br />Works cited<br /> Example: Effectiveness of a Falls-and-Fracture Nurse Coordinator to Reduce Falls: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of At-Risk Older Adults<br />
  9. 9. PEER REVIEW<br />A process done by many scholarly journals<br />Expert reviewers (peers) evaluate the article’s methodology, merit, and overall unique contribution to research in a specific discipline PRIOR to publication<br />In the health sciences, peer review is almost universal when it comes to primary research <br /> published in the journal literature<br />Why is this important?<br />
  10. 10. RESEARCHERS GENERALLY FOLLOW ONE OF TWO TYPES OF METHODOLOGIES:<br />Qualitative-investigations which use sensory methods such as listening or observing to gather & organize data into patterns or themes<br />Quantitative-investigations in which numbers are used to measure variables such as characteristics, concepts or things.<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. There are other types of content in peer reviewed journals<br />Peer reviewed journals publish original research as well as other materials such as:<br />News articles<br />Editorials<br />Review articles<br />Case studies<br />EX: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing<br />Not all of these materials are peer reviewed<br />
  13. 13. TYPES OF CONTENT IN PEER REVIEWED JOURNALS<br />
  14. 14. Review Articles<br />Author(s) describe or summarize the research of others <br />Attempt to identify trends or draw broader conclusions<br />May use same or similar format to a research article.<br />Meta-analyses and systematic reviews vs literature reviews<br />Example: Prevention of falls and fall-related fractures in community-dwelling older adults: a meta-analysis of estimates of effectiveness based on recent guidelines. <br />
  15. 15. Case Studies<br />A detailed report on one patient/case<br />Draws conclusions only on that one patient in that context-i.e. not generalizable<br />Descriptive<br />Goal is to offer new directions for research; ask new questions<br />Multidisciplinary approach to "accidental" falls in the elderly: a case report.<br />
  16. 16. NOTE: ALL OF THESE ARTICLE TYPES CAN APPEAR IN A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL<br />
  17. 17. Internet vs. Databases<br />Internet<br />Databases<br />Broad sweep of information<br />Unorganized/unstructured<br />Includes advertising <br />Access is free, but some information is fee based<br />Partially indexed<br />Keyword searching is available, but subject categories may be difficult to determine<br />Results ranked my relevancy determined by computer programs <br />Unstable: content and format change frequently<br />No selection criteria for content – anyone can add to the internet<br />Quick and easy, but not necessarily accurate.<br />Information includes: commercials, personal opinions, current news, entertainment, government documents, academic research, non-profit /educational sites, hoaxes, social networks.<br />Focused on a particular discipline or type of information<br />Organized/structured<br />No advertising<br />Available only to subscribers<br />Fully indexed<br />Searchable by subject, keyword, author, date and other limits such as full-textor peer-reviewed<br />Results ranked by chronology or relevancy<br />Stable: articles can be located again for verification<br />Content is selected and controlled<br />While delivered over the Internet, not considered a website<br />Information includes: abstracts, articles in magazines, journals, and newspapers, scholarly/peer-reviewed articles, case studies, and research <br />
  18. 18. CINAHL<br />Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health<br />Contains articles in nursing and fields such as audiology, physical therapy, respiratory therapy, etc<br />750 journals<br />1 million citations back to 1937<br />
  19. 19. Medline<br />World’s premier medical/health science database<br />Articles from all health fields: medicine, nursing, dentistry, exercise science, veterinary medicine, allied health, etc.<br />4800 journals<br />Over 19 million citations back to 1940<br />
  20. 20. CINAHL and Medline<br />
  21. 21. CINAHL VS MEDLINE<br />

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