Exs 101 research fall13


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Exs 101 research fall13

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE OF THE HEALTH PROFESSIONS Danielle Carlock 480 425 6765 d.carlock@scottsdalecc.edu
  2. 2. HEALTH FIELDS ARE EVIDENCE-BASED • All of the health related fields rest on scientific research/experimentation. • And there is a growing movement to incorporate this evidence into all levels of practice (EBP).
  3. 3. Learning objectives 1. Describe the types of evidence used by health science professionals 2. Locate evidence/scientific research to stay informed in your field
  4. 4. ARTICLE COMPARISON ACTIVITY • Working with a partner, compare the two articles using the chart.
  5. 5. What are not considered scientific, evidence based sources in the health sciences? • Magazine and newspaper articles • Opinions • The way we’ve always done it/tradition • Anything else not based on the scientific method/scientific experimentation!
  6. 6. POPULAR SOURCES (ex: magazines, newspapers) Characteristics Audience Written for the general public, non-specialized audience Authorship Written by staff writers, not necessary experts in the topic Purpose To entertain, inform, persuade How reviewed By an editor, prior to publication NOT CONSIDERED RESEARCH/SCIENTIFIC SOURCES
  7. 7. How are scientific results disseminated? • Books • Conferences – Papers – Posters • Scholarly journals – Also known as academic or peer reviewed journals
  8. 8. SOME SCHOLARLY JOURNALS IN EXERCISE SCIENCE & RELATED FIELDS • Medicine and Science in Sport & Exercise • Journal of Exercise Physiology • Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science • Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance • Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
  9. 9. What is contained in a scholarly journal? • News • Letters to the editor • Job announcements • Obituaries • Book reviews • Advertisements • **Primary Research articles • **Review articles **Only research & review articles are considered evidence undergo peer review
  10. 10. PEER REVIEW • Expert in the field of study (peers) evaluate an article’s methodology, merit, and overall unique contribution to knowledge PRIOR to publication • In the health sciences, research based articles are almost universally peer reviewed
  11. 11. PRIMARY RESEARCH ARTICLES • Report the results of a study or experiment • The author(s) is/are the person(s) who conducted the study or experiment; i.e. it is firsthand information • It undergoes peer review • Answers: Why, how, what was found, what does it mean…… Example: Frequency and location of head impact exposures in individual collegiate football players
  12. 12. Typical format of a primary research article SECTION PURPOSE ABSTRACT Summarizes the article INTRODUCTION Purpose of study Reviews previous studies on the topic METHODS How the study was carried out RESULTS What was found (data, charts, etc) DISCUSSION What does it mean and how does it relate to previous findings? WORKS CITED/REFERENCES To document the sources cited
  13. 13. REVIEW ARTICLES • A type of scholarly, peer reviewed article in which primary research on a topic is synthesized. • Are a form of evidence (especially systematic reviews), but are secondary sources • May look like a research article • Ex: Anabolic Resistance of Muscle Protein Synthesis with Aging • Ex: Injuries to individuals participating..
  14. 14. SCHOLARLY SOURCES (RESEARCH & REVIEW ARTICLES) Characteristic Audience For scholars and students in a particular field of study Authorship Scholars/experts in a particular field of study Purpose To present the research findings or to synthesize those findings in a systematic manner How reviewed By a panel of experts prior to publication (i.e. peer review)
  15. 15. TRADE JOURNALS • Written by experts in a field for practitioners in that field • Some are peer reviewed, some are not • Contain articles that have immediate practical application • Many of the articles may appear like reviews, but may be shorter & more practice-oriented than those published in scholarly journals • EX: ACSM’s Health & Fitness Journal
  16. 16. GALLERY WALK • Move around the room with a group of 3-4 people and look at each article displayed. Answer the questions on the handout. • Be prepared to be called on after completion!