Article types review

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Article types review

  1. 1. Article Types in the Health Sciences-a review<br />Danielle Carlock<br />
  2. 2. OVERVIEW<br />When conducting a search for evidence, there are many types of articles you may run into.<br />Primary research articles<br />Review articles<br />Case studies<br />Others (news, editorials, etc)<br />It is imperative to be able to distinguish between these different article types <br />
  3. 3. PRIMARY RESEARCH ARTICLES<br />Present the findings/results of a research study<br />The authors of the article are the persons who conducted the research (i.e. primary)<br />The article will include: why, how, what<br />Typically published in scholarly journals and undergo peer review<br />
  4. 4. REVIEW ARTICLES<br />A critical evaluation of recent research on a topic<br />Are considered secondary sources<br />Generally are subject to peer review, especially in the sciences & health sciences<br />Three main types:<br />Literature reviews<br />Systematic reviews<br />Meta analyses<br />
  5. 5. LITERATURE REVIEW<br />An overview of a topic written by an expert in the field<br />No new contributions to research; instead are summarizing the work of others<br />In some ways similar to a research paper you might write in college<br />Example<br />
  6. 6. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW<br />Uses a rigorous, pre-planned process to find and synthesis the results of many primary studies<br />Involves a search of the literature using inclusion/exclusion criteria and then a systematic synthesis of the results<br />Considered a high level of evidence (esp Cochrane Reviews)<br />Example<br />
  7. 7. META ANALYSIS<br />1. A systematic review is carried out <br />2. The results from many studies are statistically combined in order to summarize the overall outcome. <br />Example<br />
  8. 8. CASE STUDIES OR CASE REPORTS<br />A detailed report on one patient/case<br />Draws conclusions only on one patient in one context-i.e. not generalizable<br />Descriptive<br />Goal is to offer new directions for research; ask new questions<br />Example<br />
  9. 9. COMPARISION OF ARTICLE TYPES<br />
  10. 10. OTHER TYPES OF CONTENT IN PEER REVIEWED JOURNALS<br />News articles<br />Letters<br />Editorials<br />Commentaries<br />Book reviews<br />
  11. 11. NOTE: ALL OF THESE ARTICLE TYPES CAN APPEAR IN A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL<br />

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