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CULTURAL EVENT UNAL (19th CENTURY MUSIC)

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CULTURAL EVENT UNAL (19th CENTURY MUSIC)

  1. 1. 19th CENTURY MUSIC By SERGIO ANDRÉS GÓMEZ RAMÍREZ
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION The Nineteenth century was marked by a lot of social and political change. The growth of industry and trade led to a commercially driven society. After the revolutions of the late 18th century the public viewed any self-proclaimed authority with skepticism. The independence and leisure of the individual became all-important. All of the above had an impact on the fine arts. In fact, it wasn't until the 19th century that music, poetry, literature, painting, architecture, and sculpture were lumped together and distinguished from other forms of art. Philosophers such as Kant, Schopenhauer, and Hegel all sought to define the significance of Romantic music.
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION As the 18th century drew to a close so too did the days of patronage. The only way for many artists to make a living was through a court appointment or the support of a patron. Mozart may have been one of the first composers to try his hand as a freelance composer but the composers of the 19th century really established this as a trade. Public performance was growing in popularity so composers were no longer only writing music for royal courts and the events that took place within. Operas were also being increasingly performed as ticketed events rather than just a gathering place for the nobility.
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  8. 8. COMPOSITIONAL STYLES FORMS The 19th century was marked by a number of distinctive compositional styles and forms. Many of these began during the Classical period but major revisions and new standards were applied by the composers of the Romantic era. The emerging aesthetics of the period remain popular and are adhered to by many modern composers. The symphony and opera are two excellent examples of this and they are examined in the following two sections respectively: •Instrumental Styles and Forms •Vocal Styles and Forms
  9. 9. INSTRUMENTAL STYLES FORMS Instrumental music styles of the 19th century varied from short to lengthy works written for single instruments or large orchestras. These pieces can be categorized as either absolute or program music. Although there is an abundance of instrumental music styles and forms common to the period, chamber and piano music, the symphony, and program music are distinctively 19th century.
  10. 10. CHAMBER PIANO MUSIC Chamber music, as its name implies, is a work written for a small ensemble (generally from one to five players) well suited to performances in mid-sized rooms or chambers. Composers had been writing for string quartets for some time but with the larger diversity of instruments, quintets became common as did music for small ensembles of wind instruments. As the piano gained in popularity it was added to these sting and wind ensembles, often as a featured instrument. Many concertos and sonatas were written for the piano as it became a symbol of gentility. Franz List and Frederic Chopin were two of the best known piano virtuoso's of the day.
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  15. 15. PERIOD INSTRUMENTS The 19th Century was an important period of development for a number of orchestral instruments. This was partly driven by the advance of industry and its impact on the craft of instrument making. The popularity of solo performance and the incredible skill of the musicians and composers also pushed the limits of instruments throughout the period.
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