CAM = Complimentary Alternative Medicine Conventional medicine is practice by MD’s and DO’s and by other healthcare professionals: PT’s, OT’s, EP’s, psychologists, and RN’s.
Homeopathy: originated in Europe Ayurveda: originated in India
Key Points: Qi = life force, life energy Has been practiced in China and other Asian countries for thousands of years Scientist are studying the efficacy of acupuncture for a wide range of conditions.
*Data from the 2002 National Health Interview Survey
Everything is made up of atoms: electrons circling a nucleus of protons & neutrons Energy cannot be created or destroyed, just transformed!
Holistic Therapies For Tobacco Cessation
Holistic Therapies for Tobacco Cessation Methods to Help You Quit! Stacey Golen MS, CES
What is CAM? <ul><li>A group of diverse medical & health care systems, practices, and products that are not considered to be a part of conventional medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>While some scientific evidence exists regarding a few CAM therapies, for most there are key questions that are yet to be answered through well-designed scientific studies. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrative Medicine : combines treatments from conventional & CAM for which there is evidence of safety and effectiveness. </li></ul>
Complimentary vs. Alternative <ul><li>Complimentary medicine : used together with conventional medicine. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aromatherapy: therapy in which the scent of essential oils from flowers, herbs, and trees is inhaled to promote health and well-being. For example, aromatherapy can be used to lessen post-surgical discomfort. </li></ul></ul>
Complimentary vs. Alternative <ul><li>Alternative medicine : used in place of conventional medicine. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special diet to treat cancer instead of undergoing surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy that has been recommended by a conventional doctor. </li></ul></ul>
Types of CAM <ul><li>Four main domains including: </li></ul><ul><li>Whole Medical Systems : system built upon complete systems of theory and practice. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Homeopathy : seeks to stimulate the body’s ability to heal itself by giving very small doses of highly diluted substances that in large doses would cause illness or symptoms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ayurveda : aims to integrate the body, mind, and spirit to prevent and treat diseases; therapies include herbs, massage, and yoga. </li></ul></ul>
Types of CAM <ul><li>Mind-Body Medicine: uses a variety of techniques designed to enhance the mind’s capacity to affect bodily function & symptoms. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meditation : a conscious mental process using certain techniques to suspend the stream of thoughts and relax the body and mind. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prayer, mental healing, and therapies that use creative outlets such as art, music, or dance. </li></ul></ul>
Types of CAM <ul><li>3 . Biologically Based Practices : use substances found in nature, such as herbs, foods, and vitamins. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>dietary supplements & herbal products . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4 . Manipulative & Body-Based Practices : Application of controlled force to a joint, moving it beyond the normal ROM in an effort to aid in restoring health. Aim is to increase blood flow & oxygen to area. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>osteopathic manipulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chiropractic medicine, massage </li></ul></ul>
Acupuncture <ul><li>Based on the concept that disease results from a disruption in the flow of “qi” and imbalances in the forces of “yin and yang”. </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulation of specific points on the body “meridians” by a variety of techniques, including the insertion of thin metal needles through the skin. </li></ul>
Acupuncture Use in the United States <ul><li>The report from a Consensus Development Conference on Acupuncture held at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in 1997 stated that “acupuncture is being widely practiced by thousands of practitioners for relief or prevention of pain”. </li></ul><ul><li>Use by American adults to date-an estimated 8.2 million U.S. adults had ever used acupuncture, and an estimated 2.1 million U.S. adults had used acupuncture in the previous year. </li></ul><ul><li>** A small amount of research suggests that acupuncture may be better than NO intervention for tobacco cessation, particularly in the early stages of quitting ** </li></ul>
Acupuncture Research <ul><li>The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) has funded extensive research to advance scientific understanding of acupuncture with these questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does acupuncture work for specific health conditions? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What happens in the brain during acupuncture treatments? </li></ul></ul>
Acupuncture Research <ul><ul><li>How do we identify and understand the potential neurological properties of meridians and acupuncture points? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What methods and instruments are needed to improve the quality of acupuncture research? </li></ul></ul>
Finding a Qualified Practitioner <ul><li>Check a practitioner’s credentials! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most states require a license to practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>acupuncture; however, education, training standards, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And requirements for obtaining a license vary from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>state to state. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National acupuncture organizations may provide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>referrals to acupuncturists: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>American Academy of Medical Acupuncture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National Center for Complementary & Alternative Medicine </li></ul></ul></ul>
Energy Medicine <ul><li>Biofield Therapies : intended to affect energy fields that purportedly surround and penetrate the human body. </li></ul><ul><li>Some forms of energy therapy manipulate biofields by applying pressure &/or manipulating the body by placing hands in, or through, these fields. </li></ul>
Energy Medicine <ul><li>Qi Gong </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A component of traditional Chinese medicine that combines movement, meditation, and controlled breathing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intent is to improve blood flow and the flow of qi </li></ul></ul>
Energy Medicine <ul><li>Chakras </li></ul><ul><li>A chakra is believed to be a center of activity that receives, assimilates, and expresses life force energy . The word chakra literally translates as wheel or disc and refers to a spinning sphere of bioenergetic activity emanating from the major nerve ganglia branching forward from the spinal column . </li></ul><ul><li>Generally, six of these wheels are described, stacked in a column of energy that spans from the base of the spine to the middle of the forehead. And the seventh which is beyond the physical region. It is the six major chakras that correlate with basic states of consciousness </li></ul><ul><li>Each chakra in your spinal column is believed to influence or even govern bodily functions near its region of the spine. </li></ul><ul><li>Auras </li></ul><ul><li>Everything in the Universe seems to be just a vibration. Every atom, every part of an atom, every electron, every elementary “particle”, even our thoughts and consciousness are just vibrations. Hence, we may define the Aura as a electro-photonic vibration response of an object to some external excitation, such as ambient light. </li></ul><ul><li>Very young children (up to 5 years of age) see auras naturally. Infants frequently look ABOVE a person in front of them. When they don't like the color of the aura above the head, or if this color is much different from their parent's aura, they cry, no matter how much smiling the person does. </li></ul>
Energy Medicine <ul><li>2. Reiki (rei =universal, ki=life energy) </li></ul><ul><li>Originated in Japan by Mikao Usui in the early 1900’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to promote overall health & well-being. </li></ul><ul><li>Historically been practiced as a form of self-care, as well as in clinical settings. </li></ul><ul><li>Practitioners seek to access this energy, allowing it to flow to the body and facilitate healing. </li></ul>
Energy Medicine -Reiki <ul><li>“ Universal Life Force” </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the idea that there is a universal (or source) energy that supports the body’s innate healing abilities. When this life force is low, we are more likely to feel stressed and sick. </li></ul><ul><li>When this life force is low, we are more likely to feel stressed and sick. </li></ul>
Reiki Sessions <ul><li>The client, fully clothed, lies on the treatment table. The practitioner's hands remain in a stationary position, gently on or slightly above the body through several positions from head to toe. There is no manipulation of the skin or tissue. Reiki is not massage. </li></ul><ul><li>Reiki treats the whole person including body, emotions, mind and spirit creating many beneficial effects that include relaxation and feelings of peace, security and wellbeing. </li></ul>
Reiki Sessions <ul><li>Many individuals report feeling cold, pulsating heat, or a tingling sensation during a session, and most enter a calm, relaxed state. It's different for each person. </li></ul><ul><li>Reiki is a simple, natural and safe method of spiritual healing and self-improvement that everyone can use. </li></ul><ul><li>It has been effective in helping virtually every known illness and malady and always creates a beneficial effect. It also works in conjunction with all other medical or therapeutic techniques to relieve side effects and promote recovery. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Training in traditional Reiki has 3 degrees, each focusing on a different aspect of the practice. Each degree includes one more “attunements”. These attunements activate the ability to access Reiki energy. </li></ul><ul><li>First-degree: students learn to perform on themselves & others. </li></ul><ul><li>Second-degree: students learn to perform Reiki from a distance. </li></ul><ul><li>Third-degree (Master level): these individuals can teach and initiate students and can take years to complete. </li></ul>
Hypnotherapy <ul><li>According to Wikipedia , Hypnosis is a mental state (state theory) or set of attitudes (nonstate theory) usually induced by a procedure known as a hypnotic induction, which is commonly composed of a series of preliminary instructions and suggestions. The use of hypnotism for therapeutic purposes is referred to as "hypnotherapy". </li></ul><ul><li>Although a popular misconception is that hypnosis is a form of unconsciousness resembling sleep, contemporary research suggests that it is actually a wakeful state of focused attention and heightened suggestibility with diminished peripheral awareness. </li></ul>
Hypnotherapy <ul><li>Hypnotherapy is the use of hypnosis in psychotherapy. It is used by licensed physicians, psychologists, and in stand-alone environments. Physicians and psychiatrists may use hypnosis to help treat depression, anxiety, eating disorders, sleep disorders, and posttraumatic stress disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Certified hypnotherapists who are not physicians or psychologists often do treatments for smoking cessation and weight loss. </li></ul>
Hypnotherapy & Tobacco Cessation <ul><li>Success rates vary: a meta-study researching hypnosis as a quit-smoking tool found it had a 20 to 30 percent success rate, similar to many other quit-smoking methods, while a 2007 study of patients hospitalized for cardiac and pulmonary ailments found that smokers who used hypnosis to quit smoking doubled their chances of success! </li></ul>
Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) <ul><li>Photobiomodulation , also known as low level laser therapy ( LLLT ), cold laser therapy , and laser biostimulation. </li></ul><ul><li>An emerging medical technique in which exposure to low-level laser light or light emitting diodes might stimulate or inhibit cellular function possibly leading to beneficial clinical effects.* </li></ul><ul><li>** Wikipedia </li></ul>
Low Level Light Therapy <ul><li>The technique is also known by the more ambiguous terms phototherapy and laser therapy , which may also be used to describe other medical techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>Rationales for suggesting particular combinations of wavelength, intensity, duration and treatment interval is somewhat arbitrary and sometimes controversial for different diseases, injuries and dysfunctions; these methods are still being explored and increasingly published by the academic community.* </li></ul><ul><li>* American Cancer Society </li></ul>
LLLT and Tobacco Cessation <ul><li>Treatment is supposed to relax the smoker and release endorphins (naturally-occurring pain relief substances) in the body to simulate the effects of nicotine in the brain, or balance the body’s energy to relieve the addiction. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite claims of success by some cold laser therapy providers, available scientific evidence does not strongly support claims that this is an effective method of helping people stop smoking. </li></ul>
Aromatherapy <ul><li>Aromatherapy: aro·ma·ther·a·py The use of volatile plant oils, including essential oils, for psychological and physical well-being. </li></ul><ul><li>Aromatherapy is a generic term that refers to any of the various traditions that make use of essential oils sometimes in combination with other alternative medical practices and spiritual beliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>Popular use of these products include massaging products, medicine, or any topical application that incorporates the use of essential oils to their products. </li></ul>
Essential Oils <ul><li>Essential oils are known to have an effect on us in three different, but overlapping, ways. a) On the physical body, both locally and systemically, via the lymphatic and blood circulation. b) On the mind and emotions via the Sense of Smell and the Limbic System. c) On the “Etheric Energy System” of the body via the energy vibration of the individual oils themselves. </li></ul>
The Way Essential Oils Effect the Physical Body When Essential oils are applied to the surface of the body, either via Massage, Baths, Compresses, Creams or Lotions, they will have an effect locally (i.e. the site at which they are applied), and systemically (i.e. throughout the body). The Systemic effect occurs when essential oils are absorbed through the skin into the Lymphatic Circulation, and they are then dumped from the Lymphatic circulation into the blood stream.
The Way Essential Oils Effect the Physical Body Once the oils are circulating in the blood, they are carried to their TARGET ORGAN/S, where they exert a therapeutic effect on the specific tissues. Even when essential oils are inhaled only, say in the form of a steam inhalation for a cold or in a diffuser for a background “psychological” effect, the oils will be absorbed across the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and lungs into the blood stream, where once again, they can travel around the body very rapidly.
Identify the Scent Around You <ul><li>Rosemary: analgesic, decongestant, stimulant, anti-depressant & anti-spasmodic </li></ul><ul><li>Peppermint: anti-nausea, antifungal, antiseptic, stimulant, aids in motion sickness </li></ul>
Just for Today……. <ul><li>I will be grateful </li></ul><ul><li>I will not anger </li></ul><ul><li>I will not worry </li></ul><ul><li>I will do my work honestly </li></ul><ul><li>I will respect all life </li></ul>