Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Existentialism sartre etc.-

1,824 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Education
  • Be the first to comment

Existentialism sartre etc.-

  1. 1. Existentialism <ul><li>Jean Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Heidegger, Husserl </li></ul>What is radical freedom? What is woman? What is Being?
  2. 2. Jean Paul Sartre 1905-1980 <ul><li>French existentialist, philosopher, playright, novelist, social activist </li></ul><ul><li>“Nausea,” “No Exit,” Being and Nothingness </li></ul><ul><li>Atheist </li></ul>
  3. 3. “Existence precedes essence.” <ul><li>Atheism:God doesn’t exist--abandoned! </li></ul><ul><li>No divine conception of human nature; no specific essence </li></ul><ul><li>You are what YOU make of yourself! </li></ul>
  4. 4. No Ultimate Reason why anything happens. <ul><li>Individuals are thrown into existence </li></ul><ul><li>Not like inanimate objects “being-in-themselves” mere existence </li></ul><ul><li>Humans “being-for-itself” self-aware conscious subject </li></ul>
  5. 5. Condemned to be Free <ul><li>Because there is no God and hence no divine plan... </li></ul><ul><li>Human beings are free-- “we are alone, without excuses.” </li></ul><ul><li>Big responsibility --existential overtones. </li></ul>
  6. 6. “Bad Faith” <ul><li>Responsibility absolutely inescapable- Anguish! </li></ul><ul><li>Many people do not feel this anguish </li></ul><ul><li>They are hiding, fleeing from big “R”-- self deception </li></ul>
  7. 7. “Authenticity” <ul><li>Understandable why we avoid shouldering responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Absurdity results in revulsion & boredom </li></ul><ul><li>Accept responsibility: Live in Authenticity </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental project </li></ul>
  8. 8. Simone de Beauvoir 1908-1986 1908-1986 <ul><li>French author and philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>Feminist existentialism which prescribes a moral revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Woman as “other”--Social construct to women’s oppression </li></ul>
  9. 9. “One is not born but becomes a woman.” “ “ <ul><li>The Second Sex </li></ul><ul><li>-she criticized the patriarchial assumptions: </li></ul><ul><li>women’s “natural” inferiority justifies patriarchial domination </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sartre and de Beauvoir <ul><li>met at the Sorbonne </li></ul><ul><li>relationship of sixty years </li></ul><ul><li>refused bonds of marriage and fidelity </li></ul><ul><li>freedom triumphed over convention </li></ul>
  11. 11. Phenomenology <ul><li>interests itself in the essential structures </li></ul><ul><li>found within stream of conscious experiences </li></ul><ul><li>independent of assumptions and presumptions </li></ul>
  12. 12. Edmund Husserl <ul><li>investigate phenomena while “bracketing” assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>phenomenological reduction </li></ul><ul><li>investigate phen-omena without making assumptions </li></ul>
  13. 13. Martin Heidegger 1889-1976 1889-1976 <ul><li>What is being? </li></ul><ul><li>We can get lost in superficiality of life </li></ul><ul><li>Everydayness and idle chatter </li></ul><ul><li>Sorge - care - what is most prominent feature of humans </li></ul>
  14. 14. Later Heidegger <ul><li>Shh! Quiet. We must listen to the sound of Being. </li></ul><ul><li>What is Being? the most fundamental question. </li></ul><ul><li>Silence. Poetry. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hannah Arendt 1905-1975 1905-1975 <ul><li>Student of Heidegger </li></ul><ul><li>Banality of Evil </li></ul><ul><li>The Life of the Mind </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher of Bennet </li></ul>

×