Starting with the name of Allah, the most Merciful, the Kind. Assalam-Alaikum.
Respected teacher and dear friends, my name is SagarRafique, and the topic for my presentation is “Electricity Crisis in Pakistan”
My presentation starts with the introduction, here I will tell you the objectives of this presentation. I will mention sourses that produces electric power, then companies that supply electricity. And I will highlight some of the causes due to which electric crisis happen in our country, and then the effects arising from the shortage of electric power. Then there will be, conclusion and some recommendations on the topic.
Electricity plays an important role. It has great contribution in economic development as well as industrial development of the country. It has become necessary part of our daily life. It is used everywhere, in homes, in organizations, in industries etc. Electric crisis occur when supply of electric power decreases than demand.
Well coming to the sources, at present there are three main sources, which are generating electrical power. Thermal produces 63 % of the electric power, hydel generates 33% of it, and Nuclear power produces 2% of the electric power.
There are two main companies that function as a channel to produce, and distribute electricity and transfer that to organizations, industries and to public in Pakistan.The term WAPDA stands for “the Water and Power Development Authority” .(WAPDA) is a government-owned public utility maintaining power and water in Pakistan.Then KESC, this Corporation is principally engaged in generation, transmission and distribution of electric energy to industrial, commercial, agricultural and residential sectors of karachi.
There are different factors, which cause the electrical crisis. Such as poor planning of the governing institutions, whose prime responsibility is to generate electric power and to meet the existing demand of power supply. Then politics intervention also affect and rise electric shortage. Excess use or consumption and then not paying timely payments and bills make the situation more complicated. Some people consume electricity through illegal means. Another main factor is oil, and its increasing prices also cause the of electric crisis.
Government should establish research & development center, which can identify the exact causes of power shortages, and R&D center should also propose govt that how it can overcome electrical crisis. In reality this country has enough potential and resources to overcome electrical crisis.
The household sector, common public has affected very badly. People suffer due to load shedding. Students can not complete their home work. Then it has deep effects on the economy, agriculture and industrial sector, these sectors which run and depend on power supply, due to load shedding, the factory production decreases, daily wage earners, other workers and owners are affected seriously.
There should be proper long term planning for the generation of the electric power. Govt should provide subsidy to oil producers and refiners to control high cost. And people must stop theft of electric power, which also ultimately affect whole country, and govt must implement effective rules to control the theft of electric power.
Govt can use solar energy, which is the power get by sun to decrease the electric power shortage. Another option is to implant wind plants to generate the power. Then the underground wiring can also save the theft of electric power. However, construction of small dams and improving the condition of old dams can also be helpful in overcoming electrical power crisis in Pakistan.