BULDHANAMajor Attractions[ Lonar | Lonar Crater | Sindkhed Raja | Vishnu temple | Gomukh Temple | Flora and fauna |Khamgao...
BULDHANALonar crater is situated around 550 km from Mumbai, 160 km from Aurangabad and 140 kmfrom Buldhana at 19.975° N 76...
BULDHANAarchitecture practiced and perfected during that era. Near the Lonar Lake is the Paphareshwarpilgrimage. The engra...
BULDHANA                                           But, the crater is not the only spot worth seeing in Lonar.            ...
BULDHANAGetting there:       By Air: Nearest Airport is Aurangabad, 90 kms       By Rail: Nearest Railhead is Jalna on Sou...
BULDHANA       Jagdamba Mandir, Ghatpuri       Lonar Crater, Lonar       Shri.Sant Gajanan Maharaj, Shegaon       Anand Sa...
BULDHANABy Air: Nearest Airport is Aurangabad, 197 kms and Nagpur 317 KmsBy Rail: NANDURA is situated on Mumbai - Howara(v...
BULDHANAincluded in West Berar. In 1903, Berar was leased by the Nizam of Hyderabad to the BritishGovernment of India. Bul...
BULDHANAPlaces of interest       Lonar, place of Lonar Crater, Lonar Lake and Lonar Sanctuary;       around 90 km to the s...
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  1. 1. BULDHANAMajor Attractions[ Lonar | Lonar Crater | Sindkhed Raja | Vishnu temple | Gomukh Temple | Flora and fauna |Khamgaon | Sant Gajanan Maharaj | Worlds Biggest Hanuman Murti ]Lonar Lonar is a taluka of the district of Buldhana of the division of Amravati of the region of Vidarbha in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Lonar is located near Mehkar. Situated on the outskirts of Lonar town in Buldhana District, the Lonar Crater was first discovered in 1823 by British officer, J.E. Alexander. It is also written about in ancient scripts like the Skanda Puran, the Padma Puran and the Aaina-i-Akbari. Lonar is distinguished by the fact that it is the worlds third largest crater. It has its origin nearly 50,000 years ago, when a 2 million-ton meteorite impacted the earth to create adepression 1.83 kilometers in diameter and 150 meters deep.Since that disastrous event, Lonarhas evolved into a pleasant expanse of sky blue water among a relaxing emerald forest thatstretches around it as far as the eye can see. Today, it attracts casual tourists as well as membersof the scientific community from across the world, including research agencies like theSmithsonian Institution of Washington DC, the US Geological Survey, the Geological Society ofIndia, and Sagar University, Jabalpur, and Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, whichhave conducted extensive studies about the site. But, the scientific angle aside, this destinationalso has much to offer wildlife enthusiasts as it is generously endowed in both flora and fauna.The crater is home to hundreds of peafowl, chinkara and gazelles, which browse amongst theshrubs and bushes ringing the lake. Other residents include egrets, moor hens, herons, coots,white-necked storks, lapwings, grey wagtails, grebes, black droungos, green bee-eaters,tailorbirds, magpies and robins - as well as numerous species of migratory birds that often visitthe place. Lonar impresses with the richness of its natural heritage. And, like the meteorite thatput it on the map, leaves a lasting impression. It is an important place in Buldhana district and isfamous for Lonar crater and Lonar Lake.Lonar craterLonar is situated around 550 km from Mumbai, around160 km from Aurangabad and around 140 km viaBuldhana with about 4 1/2 hours drive southeast of thefamous Ajanta Caves.The nearest railway station isMalkapur, on the Mumbai - Bhusawal -Nagpur route ofCentral Railways of Indian Rail around 100 km fromLonar.Lonar crater in the Buldhana district ofMaharashtra state, India is the largest crater in basalticrock. It is partially filled by a salt-water lake.It is 6,000 ft(1.83 km) in diameter and 170 metres in depth, and its age is estimated to be 52,000 ± 6,000years. (Pleistocene) 1|Page
  2. 2. BULDHANALonar crater is situated around 550 km from Mumbai, 160 km from Aurangabad and 140 kmfrom Buldhana at 19.975° N 76.51° E. It is about 4 1/2 hours drive southeast of the famousAjanta Caves. The nearest railway station is Jalna on Manmad-Nanded Section of SC Railway.Although once thought to be of volcanic origin, Lonar Crater is now recognized as an impactcrater created by the hypervelocity impact of either a comet or meteorite. The impact origin ofthis crater is clearly demonstrated by the presence of plagioclase that has been either convertedinto maskelynite or contains planar deformation features (PDFs). Only shock metamorphismcaused by a hypervelocity impact could either have transformed plagioclase into maskelynite orcreated PDFs in it. The impact origin of Lonar Crater is further substantiated by the presence ofshatter cones; impact deformation of basalt layers comprising its rim; shocked breccia inside thecrater; and a nonvolcanic ejecta blanket surrounding the crater.It has history that dates back morethan 50000 years, carved out when a meteor struck it. Lonar Lake, near Lonar village in theBuldhana District, is not just he source of Excitement for the visitors but also for the scientistcommunity.Lonar is the third natural salt-water lake in the world, with a diameter of 1800 meter.It comes after Bosmatvi Lake in Ghana, which has a diameter of 10000 meter and New Cubec inCanada with a Dai of 3500 meter.According to scientists, about 50000 year back a massivemeteor entered into the Earths gravitational forces range. 60 meter long and weighing 20 lac tonit was racing at a speed of 25 kms per second towards the planet.When it struck the earth theenergy released was equivalent to that released by six-megaton atom bombs. The impact was sosevere that rocks from all sides came o the surface and reached the height of 20 meters.The impact was so severe that it left a massive crater 170-meter deep and with 1800 meter indiameter. Today it is natural salt-water lake.The lake was first brought to notice in 1823 by British officer C J E Alexander. In 1896, American geologist G K Gilbert conducted studies to prove that Lonar was created due to meteor strike.An extensive study conducted on the spot under the leadership of Prof. K Fredrikson by officials of Geological Survey of India, United States Geological survey and other institutions, proved using Cosmic Ray-dating that the lake was created by a meteor hit 50000 years ago.The official dug up the heart of the lake and conducted experiments on the material gathered from there, before making theirannouncement public. The scientists also found some mineral found mostly in meteor hit areas.Traces of Sodium Carbonate and magnetic properties were also observed in the soil there.Apartform its scientific importance, Lonar also occupies a place of prominence in our ancient scripts.It finds mention in "Aaina-E-Akbari" During the days of Emperor Akbar, a salt factory waslocated here. According to Sanskrit Literature, Lonar was called "Viraj Kshetra" in ancient times.It finds mention in "Viraj Mahatmya" a chapter in "Skanda Puran and Padma Puran" Sanskritworks.According to Lonar Mahatmya in ancient times, Kashyap Rishi had many sons. One ofwhom was believed to be staying in the vicinity of Lonar Lake. When Lavanasur terrorized thepeople and rulers of the region, the son of Rishi Kashyap had prayed to Lord Vishnu to killLavanasur.In the 13th Century, a temple of Lord Vishnu as constructed there during the Chalukya Raj. Thetemple still exists and is 150mt long and 450 mt. wide. IT is a fine example of the quality of 2|Page
  3. 3. BULDHANAarchitecture practiced and perfected during that era. Near the Lonar Lake is the Paphareshwarpilgrimage. The engravings on the temple located there are in Sanskrit and sadly they have stillnot been deciphered.To add to its natural beauty the Lake has enough faunas in its surroundingsmaking it a serene and scenic spot.The Lonar crater and lake form not only a spectacular sightbut over the centuries they have evolved an ecosystem that is not replicated anywhere else in thestate. The surface diameter of the crater is 1.80 kms while the crater itself is nearly 132 metersdeep. The waters are unique, shifting combination of azure and turquoise and parrot green whenseen from the viewpoint. Going down into the crater from the surface isan energetic business as there is no handrails or elevators. There is a localbelief that the crater itself is the body of the genius loci, the goddessLonar Devi and she does not take kindly to construction on her sides. Allprevious attempts at making a sturdier staircase have been washed awayin the rains, and given the intensity of local feeling about it, theauthorities have been content with the traditional carved rock path. Thisis quite steep and is much more difficult to go down than climb up, butthe danger is more in overactive imaginations than in anything else.Once down, almost the first sight that greets you is a ruined temple setinto a dense forest. This was supposed to be a Rama temple but only the basic structure in stoneis left now. There are many temples set round the edge of the lake, all of them constructed in the12th-13th century in stone but the condition of all of them is not encouraging. What is amazing isthe fact that people transported the stone down that steep face and then began to carve and buildexactly as they were doing upon the surface at the time. It is an astonishing testament to theenergy that would flame forth whenever the cause was a spiritual one. The Vishnu temple andDevi temple are in better condition than the rest but unless you are very determined you will finda full circuit around the lake a tiring business. It can easily take up to three hours, and thetemples are scattered all around the rim. It is best to make an early descent, as climbing back upunder the midday sun is not the best option. Fortunately, the Maharashtra Tourism DevelopmentCorporation has built a tourist complex where all facilities are available. The sensible option is todrive down from Aurangabad the previous evening and make the descent bright and early thenext day. That would give you adequate time to see all the temples, observe the detailed carvingand architectural styles, as well as fully soak in the forest atmosphere of the crater.For, the crater is host to many species of aquatic birds like flamingos, moorhen, coots, anddabchick and so on. Peacocks are to be seen making spectacular glides from tree to tree. Unlikethe rest of the country they do not even need to forage upon the ground; so plentiful is the insectand small prey population in the vegetation. The trees grow to be rather tall and they form acanopy that filters out most of the heat. It does tend to get a bit muggy with the unusual levels ofhumidity. You can even see dung beetles the size of your palm busily rolling their balls, right inyour path. There is no danger of snakes but geckos abound. One feature that has a potential to bea nuisance is the monkey population. They are immensely territorial and throw fruits and twigs atyour heads if you have ventured near the trees they stake out. If this is close to running water, asthe crater has many little streams with cold water, they become agitated and one monkey actuallypeed upon me. This was a pretty remarkable achievement as it was up a tree branch at least 50-60 feet off the ground. It is also not a good idea to openly display food, as they will learn soonenough that tourists are easy prey. 3|Page
  4. 4. BULDHANA But, the crater is not the only spot worth seeing in Lonar. A piece of the meteorite had broken off and smashed into the ground about a kilometer away, forming the Ambar Lake. It is a pleasant enough spot but entry is regulated by odd timings so just a look will suffice. Oddly enough the water in this lake is nothing like the main crater. Close by to the Ambar Lake is a nondescript little temple dedicated to Hanuman, the Hindu god of strength and intelligence. What is interesting is that the image of thegod is an actual piece of the crater and for long its magnetic properties had fascinated the peoplewho built a temple to house it. The god is supposed to be recumbent, resting after his mightylabors, well known in Indian myth. The meteorite chunk is brightly painted in the orange colorthat is preferred in this part of the world. The temple itself is a quiet, quaint little spot but it hasto be reached through a bedlam of a market place. Once you break through, the landscape is themost flat and open space you will encounter for a while and the temple is set in the middle of thisnowhere. The temple is open all day and there is no fuss about taking photographs. It is alsomostly deserted all day, which makes it an unlikely area of silence in India. There is a welladjacent to the temple, but the cool water is of dicey quality, so do not let thirst overcomediscretion.Where to Stay:MTDC Holiday Resort comprises self-contained rooms and dormitory with a restaurant.Getting there: Nearest airport is Aurangabad, 122 kms. Nearest railhead is Malkapur on the Mumbai-Bhusawal line. Mumbai-Aurangabad-Jalan-Lonar, 600 kms. Lonar-Buldhana, 95 kms. Lonar-Mehakar Taluka, 23kms. Lonar-Aurangabad, 145 kms. From Nagpur, it is 388 kms by Nagpur - Washim - Lonar route. From Aurangabad, it is 170 kms by Aurangabad - Jalna - Sindkhed Raja - Sultanpur - Lonar Crater.Sindkhed Raja - Birth Place of Rajmata JijabaiSindkhed Raja, a small Taluka place in Buldana district, situated 105 kms away from districtheadquarters Buldhana on the State Highway No. 183, is known world wide as the birth place ofRajmata Jijabai, the mother of the great Maratha Warrior and king, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.There are a number of monuments in this small township, which owe their existence to RajmataJijabai and her father Lakhuji Jadhav. These monuments like Kalkat, Rang Mahal, Tomb ofLakhuji Jadhav, Palace of Lakhuji Jadhav, ancient temple of Neelkantheshwar and Rameshwarhave great heritage and architectural value. 4|Page
  5. 5. BULDHANAGetting there: By Air: Nearest Airport is Aurangabad, 90 kms By Rail: Nearest Railhead is Jalna on South Central Railway. By Road: Mumbai-Ahmednagar-Jalna-Sindkhed Raja, 515 kms Sindkhed Raja- Ahmednagar 239 kms Sindkhed Raja -Jalna 30 kms.Vishnu templeThe small Vishnu temple and most others in the vicinity are constructed in the Hemadpanthistyle i.e. without use of cementing agents. While most temples are now permanent abodes of batsand mice, only ones that attract pilgrims have some resemblance to their original selves.Gomukh TempleGomukh Temple, along the rim of the crater with a perennial stream is another interesting site.A fascinating sight is the presence of hundreds of peafowls which live inside the crater. Thecrater has potential as a bird sanctuary and also one can sight langoors, snakes, monitor lizards,mongoose, fox and deers. To promote tourism in this area, M.T.D.C. has constructed CraterView Tourist Complex.Getting There By Air: Nearest Airport is Aurangabad (M.S.), 122 kms. By Rail: Nearest Railhead is Malkapur on the Mumbai-Bhusawal line or Jalna 90 km away. By Road: Mumbai-Aurangabad-Jalna-Lonar, 600 kms. Lonar-Buldhana, 95 kms. Lonar- Mehakar, 23 kms Lonar-Aurangabad, 145 kms, Lonar is well connected by regular bus service from Malkapur, Khamgaon, Aurangabad, Ajanta, Buldhana, Jalgaon & Mumbai.Flora and faunaLonar Crater has very different flora and fauna in the vicinity. The Dnyanganga Sanctuary issituated in the district. There is good forest area in the sanctuary.KhamgaonKhamgaon is an industrial town and a tehsil in the Buldhana district of Maharashtra, India.Khamgaon tehsil has 132 villages. The area of the tehsil is 998.37 km2. Its location is 19°51 to21°17 North latitude and 75°57 to 76°49 East Longitude. It is connected by central-railways toJalamb Junction with single electric line. It lies on National highways No. 6.Khamgaon is the most important cotton ginning market in Buldhana district. MIDC Khamgaon(Khamgaon Industrial Area) is situated 5 km away from the Khamgaon town.Nearby Tourist Places 5|Page
  6. 6. BULDHANA Jagdamba Mandir, Ghatpuri Lonar Crater, Lonar Shri.Sant Gajanan Maharaj, Shegaon Anand Sagar, Shegaon Worlds Biggest Hanuman Murti, NanduraShri.Sant Gajanan Maharaj, ShegaonShegaon, a municipal town in Khamgaon Tehsil is famous for theSamadhi of Shri Gajanan Maharaj - a mystic saint as popular as Saibabaof Shirdi. Shri Sant Gajanan Maharaj made his divine appearance on 23-2-1878 and enlightened millions. He attained samadhi on BhadrapadShukla Panchmi 08-09-1910.The Samadhi Sthan (Temple) is visited by millions of devotees from farand near. Youll see a large number of pilgrims here, some coming fromvarious parts of Maharashtra, and across the India. Mythological,Shegaon can be described as the Pandharpur of Vidarbha.Thousands ofdevotees pay their respects at the Samadhi every Thursday, which isregarded as a special daySee the temple of Shri Ram, also constructed in the premises of the shrine. If you visit Shegaonon Ram Navami in Chaitra and on Rushi Panchami in Bhadrapada month of the Hindu calendar,you can also attend the fairs held here on these occasions.Getting there:By RailwayThe town Shegaon is connected by Central Rly on Mumbai-Howrah mainline Alight atBhusawal & change if coming from Delhi, Gwalior, Lucknow, Allahabad, Bhopal, Bangaloreand Goa. Those coming from Madras, or Vijaywada should change at Wardha. Those comingfrom Secunderabad, Jiapur, Indore should change at Akola. All Express & Mail trains exceptGitanjali & Navjivan Exp. Stop at Shegaon.By RoadOne can approach by Road/Bus from Khamgaon a distance of 17 Kms connected with NationalHigh Way No.6. Direct Buses of state transport available from major cities of Maharashtra andfrom Indore, Ujjain, Dewas and Baroda from Shegaon.Worlds Biggest Hanuman Murti, NanduraLord Hanuman is son of Pawan (Air) and Anjani (the woman of highly spiritual native). LordHanuman is called PAWANSUT (Son of Air) and ANJANIPUTRA (Son of Anjani).About Murti: Height: 105 ft. Chest: 70 ft. Base: 30 ft. Tail: 70 ft. Arm: 25 ft. (diameter) Gada 30ft.Sole 34 ft.Nail of sole:15 ft.Getting there: 6|Page
  7. 7. BULDHANABy Air: Nearest Airport is Aurangabad, 197 kms and Nagpur 317 KmsBy Rail: NANDURA is situated on Mumbai - Howara(via NAGPUR)Railway Root,FromBhusawal Distance 90Kms West.By Road: One can approach by Road/Bus from Khamgaon a distance of 18 Kms connected withNational High Way No.6. Direct Buses of state transport available from major cities ofMaharashtraBuldhana District has an area of 9,680 km² and is located in Amravati Division of Maharashtra,located in central India. It is around 500 km from the state capital, Mumbai.The world largest hypervelocity meteorite impact crater in basaltic rock, the Lonar crater, islocated in Buldhana district.The district is bounded on the north by Madhya Pradesh state, to the east by Akola and Washimdistricts, to the south by Parbhani and Jalna districts, and to the west by Jalna and Jalgaondistricts.The district is the western most district of Vidarbha.Origin of nameIt is also spelled as Buldana earlier.HistoryIt is believed that Buldhana, along with the rest of the erstwhile Berar province, was part of thelegendary kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata. Berar also formed part of theMauryan Empire during the reign of Asoka (272 to 231 BCE). Berar later came under the rule ofthe Satavahana dynasty (2nd century BCE-2nd century CE), the Vakataka dynasty (3rd to 6thcenturies), the Chalukya dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), the Rashtrakuta dynasty (8th to 10thcenturies), the Chalukyas again (10th to 12th centuries), and finally the Yadava dynasty ofDevagiri (late 12th to early 14th centuries. A period of Muslim rule began when Ala ud dinKhilji, Sultan of Delhi, conquered the region in the early 14th century. The region was part of theBahmani Sultanate, which broke away from the Delhi Sultanate in the mid-14th century. TheBahmani Sultanate broke up into smaller sultanates at the end of the 15th century, and in 1572Berar became part of the Nizam Shahi sultanate, based at Ahmednagar. The Nizam Shahis cededBerar to the Mughal Empire in 1595. As Mughal rule started to unravel at the start of the 18thcentury, Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad siezed the southern provinces of the empire (includingBerar) in 1724, forming an independent state. Mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji, Veer Mata Jijabaiwas born at Sindkhedraja, at the Palace of Lakhuji Jadhav.In 1853, the district together with the rest of Berar came under the administration of the BritishEast India Company. Berar was divided into East and West Berar with Buldhana district being 7|Page
  8. 8. BULDHANAincluded in West Berar. In 1903, Berar was leased by the Nizam of Hyderabad to the BritishGovernment of India. Buldhana district forms the west part of Amravati division now.Geography The world heritage site of Lonar crater is located in Buldhana district. The d boundary latitude are: 19.51° to 21.17° N and longitude are: 75.57° to 76.59° E The climate is tropical and people mostly use cotton clothes. The district lies in the Tapti River and Godavari River basins. Purna River is tributary of Tapti River while Penganga River and Kadakpurna River are tributaries of Godavari River.Here are some of the rivers in Buldhana, with their tributaries Purna River Vaan River Mann River Utawali River Nipani River Mas River Bordi River Dynanganga River Vishwaganga River Nalganga River Penganga River Kadakpurna River The district of Buldhana comprise of thirteen talukas namely Malkapur, Motala, Buldhana, Chikhali, Mehkar, Sindkhedraja, Lonar, Deoulgaonraja, Khamgaon, Nandura, Shegaon, Sangrampur, and Jalgaon-Jamod.Buldhana district is located in the central portion of the state of Maharashtra. Akola, Jalgaon, Jalna, Parbhani are the adjoining districts to the east, west & south respectively. Nemad district of the M.P. is to the north & lies between 19°51 to 21°17 North latitude and 75°57 to 76°49 East Longitude.Buldhana (Buldana) is a city in the state of Maharashtra, India. It is the headquarters of Buldhana District. It is located on the top of a mountain in Ajanta ranges, in central India and is about 900 m above sea level.Buldana (Buldhana) is located in the state of Maharashtra in India. Taluka: Buldhana District: Buldhana STD Code: 07262 (India country code: 91) Nearest Railway Station: Malkapur (45 Km.) Languages: Marathi, Hindi Major Crop: Cotton 8|Page
  9. 9. BULDHANAPlaces of interest Lonar, place of Lonar Crater, Lonar Lake and Lonar Sanctuary; around 90 km to the south. Ajanta caves, 50 km away from the city. Sindkhedraja, birth place of Veer Mata Jijabai, mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji and Palace of Lakhuji Jadhav, around 100 km Shegaon, also known as Pandharpur of Vidarbha, home to the Sant Gajanan Maharaj, around 90 km Mehkar, the famous Balaji Temple. Deoulgaonraja, the famous Balaji Temple. Chikali, the Durgah of Sailani Baba Dnyanganga Sanctuary Ambabarva Sanctuary Nandura, for the worlds biggest Hanuman idol. Transport And Travel The various railway stations with their codes are Malkapur (MKU), Vadoda, Chandur, Nandura (NN), Jalamb Junction (JM), Khamgaon (KMN), Shegaon (SEG), and Nagzari and are under Bhusawal-Badnera Section of Bhusawal Division of Central Railway. National Highway 6 NH6 passes through Khamgaon, Nandura, and Malkapur towns in the district. The other major road is State Highway passing through Shegaon, Khamgaon, Chikhali, and Deulgaonraja. Vehicles from Nagpur, Amravati and Akola pass through Khamgaon-Chikhali-Deulgaonraja while going towards Jalna-Aurangabad and Pune. There are many Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporations bus stands at all towns of the districts. The major one is Buldhana, Malkapur, Chikhali, Khamgaon, Shegaon and Nandura. There are State Transport bus depots at Buldhana, Malkapur, Chikhali, Mehkar, Khamgaon, Shegaon and Jalgaon-Jamod.The important roads in the district are ·National Highway 6 - Balapur Akola - Kolori - Khamgaon - Aamsari - Nandura - Wadner -Malkapur - Dharangaon - Muktainagar (earlier Edalabad) JalgaonState Highway 176 Chikhali -Mehkar - Malegaon ( Washim )State Highway 183 Buldhana - Chikhali - SindhkedrajaStateHighway 000 Deoulgaonraja - Chikhali -Amdapur - Khamgaon - Shegaon - Akot ( Akola)Sindkhedraja - Bibi – Lonar Shegaon - Manasgaon - Warwat - Bawanbir - Wasali -AmbabarvaBuldhana - Rohana - KhamgaonBuldhana - Motala - Malkapur - Darangaon -Edalabad JalgaonMotala - Nandura - Jalgaon-Jamod- Sangrampur - Warwat - Telhara ( Akola)Bawanbir - Sonala - Hiwarkhed ( Akola )Bibi - Mehkar - Janephal - Amdapur Motor buses,jeeps are the popular mode of transport. The nearest airport for the district is Aurangabad, whichis around 150 km. 9|Page