Fire Safety Presentation on Building Regulations Part B 2007


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Fire Safety Presentation Based on The Building Regulations Part B 2007

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Fire Safety Presentation on Building Regulations Part B 2007

  1. 1. FIRE SAFETY Part B Building Regulations David Cant Health and Safety Consultant
  2. 2. <ul><li>Part B: Fire Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Safety Guidance Documents </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional Provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Oil Fired Boilers </li></ul><ul><li>Revised Building Control Charges </li></ul><ul><li>Revised Building Control Forms </li></ul>
  3. 3. Coming into force on the 6 th April 2007 New Regulation 16B: Fire Safety Information Revisions to Part B: Fire Safety Revised wording to B3 The Building and Approved Inspectors (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2006
  4. 4. Changes to Part B (Fire Safety) of the Building Regulations and Approved Document B Volume 1 - Dwellinghouses Volume 2 – Buildings Other Than Dwellinghouses Flats (including multi-storey flats & mixed-use buildings) can be found in Volume 2
  5. 5. Procedural Changes Amended requirement B3(3) – part of internal fire spread (structure)
  6. 6. Procedural Changes
  7. 7. <ul><li>Building Control are still responsible for checking compliance of building work </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Safety Authority are responsible for enforcing the fire safety order once the building is occupied, previously the Fire Precautions Act and the Workplace Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Will be amended again to incorporate Part B changes </li></ul>Procedural Changes
  8. 8. &quot; Fire safety information   16B. —(1) This regulation applies where building work— (a) consists of or includes the erection or extension of a relevant building; or (b) is carried out in connection with a relevant change of use of a building, and Part B of Schedule 1 imposes a requirement in relation to the work. (2) The person carrying out the work shall give fire safety information to the responsible person not later than the date of completion of the work, or the date of occupation of the building or extension, whichever is the earlier. (3) In this regulation—  (a) &quot;fire safety information&quot; means information relating to the design and construction of the building or extension, and the services, fittings and equipment provided in or in connection with the building or extension which will assist the responsible person to operate and maintain the building or extension with reasonable safety; (b) a &quot; relevant building &quot; is a building to which the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 applies[ 4 ], or will apply after the completion of building work; (c) a &quot;relevant change of use&quot; is a material change of use where, after the change of use takes place, the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 will apply, or continue to apply, to the building; and (d) &quot; responsible person &quot; has the meaning given by article 3 of the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.&quot;
  9. 9. Procedural Changes
  10. 10. Meaning of &quot; responsible person &quot; 3. In this Order &quot;responsible person&quot; means— (a) in relation to a workplace, the employer, if the workplace is to any extent under his control; (b) in relation to any premises not falling within paragraph (a)—   (i) the person who has control of the premises (as occupier or otherwise) in connection with the carrying on by him of a trade, business or other undertaking (for profit or not); or (ii) the owner, where the person in control of the premises does not have control in connection with the carrying on by that person of a trade, business or other undertaking. STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS   2005 No. 1541   REGULATORY REFORM, ENGLAND AND WALES The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
  11. 11. Application to premises      6. — (1) This Order does not apply in relation to — (a) domestic premises, except to the extent mentioned in article 31(10); (b) an offshore installation within the meaning of regulation 3 of the Offshore Installation and Pipeline Works (Management and Administration) Regulations 1995[ 13 ]; (c) a ship, in respect of the normal ship-board activities of a ship's crew which are carried out solely by the crew under the direction of the master; (d) fields, woods or other land forming part of an agricultural or forestry undertaking but which is not inside a building and is situated away from the undertaking's main buildings; (e) an aircraft, locomotive or rolling stock, trailer or semi-trailer used as a means of transport or a vehicle for which a licence is in force under the Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994[ 14 ] or a vehicle exempted from duty under that Act; (f) a mine within the meaning of section 180 of the Mines and Quarries Act 1954[ 15 ], other than any building on the surface at a mine; (g) a borehole site to which the Borehole Sites and Operations Regulations 1995[ 16 ] apply. (2) Subject to the preceding paragraph of this article, this Order applies in relation to any premises Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
  12. 12. PART 2 FIRE SAFETY DUTIES Duty to take general fire precautions    8. —(1) The responsible person must— (a) take such general fire precautions as will ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the safety of any of his employees; and (b) in relation to relevant persons who are not his employees, take such general fire precautions as may reasonably be required in the circumstances of the case to ensure that the premises are safe. Risk assessment      9. —(1) The responsible person must make a suitable and sufficient assessment of the risks to which relevant persons are exposed for the purpose of identifying the general fire precautions he needs to take to comply with the requirements and prohibitions imposed on him by or under this Order. Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
  13. 13. Duty to consult enforcing authority before passing plans      45. —(1) Where it is proposed to erect a building, or to make any extension of or structural alteration to a building and, in connection with the proposals, plans are, in accordance with building regulations, deposited with a local authority, the local authority must, subject to paragraph (3), consult the enforcing authority before passing those plans.     (2) Where it is proposed to change the use to which a building or part of a building is put and, in connection with that proposal, plans are, in accordance with building regulations, deposited with a local authority, the authority must, subject to paragraph (3), consult with the enforcing authority before passing the plans.     (3) The duty to consult imposed by paragraphs (1) and (2)— (a) only applies in relation to buildings or parts of buildings to which this Order applies, or would apply following the erection, extension, structural alteration or change of use; (b) does not apply where the local authority is also the enforcing authority. Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 Duty to Consult
  14. 14. Procedural Changes
  15. 15. Volume One Dwellinghouses
  16. 16. New Diagram 1 illustrates basic principles
  17. 17. Direct reference to BS 5839-6: 2004 Grade D = mains powered with standby supply LD3 = Detectors in circulation spaces Extensions Provide smoke alarms where habitable rooms are provided above ground level or if at ground level where there is no final exit from the new room Smoke & Heat Alarms
  18. 18. New guidance on the use of domestic sprinklers as a compensatory feature. Specific alternative approaches in paragraphs: B1 – 2.7 houses with more than one floor over 4.5m above ground level B1 – 2.20b Loft conversions B4 – 9.15 Space separation Domestic Sprinklers
  19. 19. Not required in houses with a floor more than 4.5m above ground level. Locks (with or without removable keys) and stays may be fitted to egress windows, subject to the stay being fitted with a release catch, which may be child reistant Egress Windows
  20. 20. Escape provision to be no worse than the window it replaces: except- If original window is larger than necessary, opening can be reduced to minimum dimensions specified. Replacement Windows
  21. 21. Fire Doors Self Closing Devices Self-closing devices not required on fire doors within dwellings. Except Doors to integral garages Flat entrance doors (vol. 2) Fire Doors ARE still necessary
  22. 22. Alternative approach DELETED Provide protected stairs & smoke alarms Some existing doors could be upgraded Alternative approach for open plan ground floor – Cut off door, escape window and sprinkler protection Loft Conversions
  23. 23. <ul><li>Galleries </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative exit/escape window </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Overlook 50% of the room below </li></ul><ul><li>7.5m max travel to head of stair </li></ul><ul><li>3m max travel from foot of stair </li></ul><ul><li>cooking facilities remote or enclosed </li></ul><ul><li>Also applies to flats </li></ul>Galleries
  24. 24. <ul><li>Integral Garages </li></ul><ul><li>Compartment wall & floor </li></ul><ul><li>Sloping floor OR 100mm step </li></ul><ul><li>See also </li></ul><ul><li>Item 8 Table A1 – REI 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Item 2 Table 3 – soil pipes </li></ul><ul><li>Item 1b Table B1 – E30 Sa Door </li></ul>
  25. 25. Diagram 11 Junction of Compartment Wall with Roof
  26. 26. “ New” European roof test Constructions are classified within the BS EN 13501-5:2005 as BROOF(t4), CROOF(t4), DROOF(t4), EROOF(t4) or FROOF(t4) BROOF(t4) being the highest performance and FROOF(t4) being the lowest (t4) indicates test 4 from the soon to be BS EN 1187 Roof Coverings (Vol 1& 2)
  27. 27. Volume Two Buildings Other Than Dwellinghouses
  28. 28. New guidance on the use of domestic sprinklers as a compensatory feature. Specific alternative approaches in paragraphs: B1 – 2.7 houses with more than one floor over 4.5m above ground level B4 – 9.15 Space separation Flats Domestic Sprinkler Protection for Flats Sprinklers to be provided within individual flats in blocks over 30m in height. Limitation of BS 9251 clarified height restriction to under 20m in height can be ignored.
  29. 29. Smoke Control of Common Escape Route in Flats <ul><li>There should be some means of ventilating common corridors/ lobbies to control smoke and so protect common stairs </li></ul><ul><li>This offers individual protection to that provided by the fire doors to the stair </li></ul><ul><li>single stair buildings – AOV </li></ul><ul><li>Multi stair buildings – OV </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance on the design of smoke control systems using pressure differentials is available in BS EN 12101-6:2005. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Flats
  31. 31. Guidance from BS 5588 incorporated into main text Moving back from having to purchase additional documents! Small Premises
  32. 32. Open Spatial Planning
  33. 33. Self Storage Buildings
  34. 34. Care Homes
  35. 35. Inclusive Design
  36. 36. Refuges
  37. 37. Compartmentation
  38. 38. Phased Evacuation
  39. 39. Compartment Walls/ Floors Junction
  40. 40. Guidance reworked for clarity Barriers in under floor voids Aluminium and uPVC windows not suitable for closing cavities Cavity Barriers
  41. 41. Notional Boundaries
  42. 42. Car Parks
  43. 43. External Walls
  44. 44. <ul><li>Vehicle access for pump appliance within 45m of “all points”to blocks of flats </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Or: provide fire mains (not in f/f shaft) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Fire mains </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New standard BS 9990 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wet mains required for buildings over 50m </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Dry mains </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Access for pump within 18m </li></ul></ul></ul>Fire Service Access
  45. 45. Fire Fighting Shafts/ Fire Mains
  46. 46. Private Fire Hydrants
  47. 47. Door Measurement
  48. 48. Smoke Ventilators
  49. 49. Transitional Provisions
  50. 50. Fire Safety Risk Assessment Documents
  51. 51.
  52. 52. Changes to Oil Fired Boiler Requirements   From the 1 st April 2007 the energy performance standard of new and replacement Oil fired central heating boilers. From that date, in normal circumstances when you plan to install a new boiler or replace an existing one, you will need a condensing boiler to meet the higher standards for energy efficiency. This follows on from Gas fired central heating boilers, which have had to comply since 1 st April 2005.   For boilers installed on or after the 1 st April 2007: The boiler should be a condensing type; and The boiler efficiency should not be less than 86% (as expressed by its SEDBUK value) Further information is available in the 2 nd tier document ‘ Domestic Heating Compliance Guide ’ which can be viewed at
  53. 53. Any Questions Thank You for Attending