Motivation : Perfect Learning place is Indian Army

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Various theories compared & some practical suggestions

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Motivation : Perfect Learning place is Indian Army

  1. 1. What is Motivation?<br />Motivation is the internaldriveto accomplish a particular goal. In a work setting, motivation is what makes people wantto work.<br />
  2. 2. Ten Morale-Building Factors <br />Interesting Work<br />Full appreciation of work done<br />Involvement<br />Good pay<br />Job security<br />Promotion and growth<br />Good working conditions<br />Loyalty to employees<br />Help with personal problems<br />Tactful discipline<br />
  3. 3. Other Morale-Building Factors<br />PERKS<br />Autonomy<br />Status<br />Responsibility<br />Flexible Scheduling<br />Benefits<br />Others?<br />
  4. 4. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs<br />Self-<br />Actualization<br />Esteem / Ego<br />Social or Belongingness<br />Safety and Security<br />Physiological<br />
  5. 5. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs<br />Physiological<br />
  6. 6. Factors in the Workplace Meeting Physiological Needs<br />Physical Comfort<br />Temperature<br />Working Conditions<br />Inside/Outside<br />Lunch and Rest Breaks<br />Bathroom Facilities<br />Ergonomics<br />
  7. 7. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs<br />Safety and Security<br />Physiological<br />
  8. 8. Factors in the Workplace Meeting Safety and Security Needs<br />Safety<br />Job Security<br />Seniority<br />Benefits<br />MONEY<br />Retirement Plans<br />
  9. 9. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs<br />Social or Belongingness<br />Safety and Security<br />Physiological<br />
  10. 10. Factors in the Workplace Meeting Social or Belongingness Needs<br />Relationships with co-workers<br />Relationships with Supervisors<br />Teams<br />Fun<br />Social Events<br />
  11. 11. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs<br />Esteem / Ego<br />Social or Belongingness<br />Safety and Security<br />Physiological<br />
  12. 12. Factors in the Workplace Meeting Esteem/Ego Needs<br />Opportunities for Growth & Advancement<br />Promotions<br />Job Titles<br />Recognition<br />PERKS<br />Training & Development<br />Positive Feedback on Performance<br />
  13. 13. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs<br />Self-<br />Actualization<br />Esteem / Ego<br />Social or Belongingness<br />Safety and Security<br />Physiological<br />
  14. 14. Factors in the Workplace Meeting Self-Actualization Needs<br />Meaningful Work<br />Sense of Satisfaction<br />Accomplishment<br />Self-Improvement<br />Improving Others and/or Society<br />“Be all that you can be.”<br />
  15. 15. Hersberg’s Model of Motivation<br />Two-Factor Theory:<br />Hygiene vs. Motivational Factors<br />Compare to Maslow<br />Achievement<br />Growth Potential<br />The Work Itself<br />Motivational Factors<br />Self-Actualization &<br />Esteem Needs<br />Recognition<br />Advancement<br />Responsibility<br />Interpersonal <br />Relations<br />Hygiene or Maintenance Factors<br />Social Needs<br />Safety Needs<br />Physiological<br />Job Security<br />Company Policy<br />Working Conditions<br />Salary<br />
  16. 16. Which factors outweigh others in maintaining productive attitudes on the Job?<br />Quality of Work Life?<br />Basics?<br />Opportunities for Advancement<br />Autonomy (self-management)<br />Company Culture<br />Spouse’s Job Opportunities<br />Schools<br />Local Community<br />Salary<br />Vacation<br />Bonuses<br />Retirement Plans<br />Health Insurance<br />Sick Leave<br />
  17. 17. Other Motivational Theorists<br />McClelland<br />Vroom<br />McClelland’s Acquired Needs Theory<br />Need for achievement<br />Need for affiliation<br />Need for power<br />Vroom’s Expectancy Theory<br />Views motivation as a process of choices<br />Behaviors stem from expecting certain results<br />
  18. 18. Contemporary Motivational Strategies<br />Motivation through job design<br />Job rotation<br />Job enlargement<br />Job enrichment<br />Motivation through incentives<br />Training and education<br />Motivation through empowerment<br />Teambuilding<br />
  19. 19. Positive Reinforcement & Recognition:Job-Related Confirming Behaviors<br />Praise<br />Positive Written Communication<br />Orientation and Training<br />Active Listening <br />Courtesy<br />
  20. 20. Barriers to Positive Reinforcement <br />Preoccupation with self<br />Narcissism<br />Misconceptions about positive reinforcement<br />The “too busy” syndrome<br />Not identifying commendable actions<br />Not knowing what to say or do<br />Lack of appropriate role models<br />
  21. 21. Self-Motivation Strategies<br />Take control of your expectations<br />Fight the urge to underachieve<br />Learn to love the job you hate<br />Build immunity to cynicism<br />Strive for balance<br />

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