Roll No. 181
Department of Management Sciences
Denotation is the dictionary definition of a
term. It is the basic meaning of a word, what a
In the others words, The Denotation of a
term consists of the individual things or
objects to which the term can be applied.
Connotation is the
emotions, thoughts, images, and associations
attached to a word.
Terms can have positive, negative, or even
neutral connotations. It all depends on the
context, how and where the word is used.
In the others words, the connotation of
a term consists of the qualities
necessarily possessed by the objects
denoted by the term.
For examples The Denotation of a term
‘man’ consists of all the individual things
called ‘men’---of all things to which the term
‘man’ can be applied.
While its connotation consists of the attributes
of ‘animality’ and ‘rationality’ implied by it
and possessed by all men
As we know that, the proposition consists of
subject and predicate.
Now, the relation in which the predicate
stands to the subject is called predicable.
There are five different ways in which a
predicate may be related to its subject.
Property (or proprium)
Accident (or accidence)
The larger class which includes a smaller class
in denotation is called Genus.
The smaller class, which is so included is called
For example, “animal” is a wide class which
includes the smaller class “man”
Hence „animal‟ is Genus and the „man‟ is
Differentia means the attribute or attributes which
a species possesses in excess of the connotation
of its genus.
For example ‘rationality’ is the differentia of
man, as it distinguishes ‘man’ from it genus
A property is a quality or attribute which does
not form part of connotation of a term but
necessarily follows from it.
For example, a triangle has its three angles
equal to two right angles and its two sides
greater than the Third
An accident is a quality which neither forms part
of a the connotation of a term nor follows from it.
It means that which happens accidently and Has
no necessary connection with the nature of a
For example, the colour of a man is an accident.
He may be Black or white.