Just a look into the definition of group - just to make it more understandable. For a facilitator, "group" is important and therefore, s/he must have enough knowledge about group dynamism. These slides give some insight about groups.
• There is a difference
between “a number of
people” and “a group”. A
number of people here in
this example “are located
close together” but they
are not a group.
• What do you think: what is
WHAT IS A GROUP?
• Sometimes, people say that the
group is a two or more persons
with a common goal.
Let’s go back to the but stop and
see if they have goals and whether
the goal is a common one !
Having one common goal or
objective does not make them a
I want to
you want me
to set my goal
as “wanting a
bus to come”;
if you want,
Okay, this is
When I need
eyes, and I’m
READ THESE WORDS FROM FORSYTH (2006)
“But what is a collection of human beings called? A group. ….
[C]ollections of people may seem unique, but each possesses
that one critical element that defines a group: connections
linking the individual members…. [M]embers are linked together
in a web of interpersonal relationships. Thus, a group is defined
as two or more individuals who are connected to one another by
“Hundreds of fish swimming together are called a school. A pack of
foraging baboons is a troupe. A half dozen crows on a telephone line
is a murder. A gam is a group of whales.”
• Let’s talk more about
“a group is defined
as two or more
individuals who are
connected to one
another by social
• What do you think?
EXAMPLES OF SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS:
• A man and a woman fall in love and they are going to marry (a social
• People may have a shared cause (for instance: let’s protect the
• People are challenged by a question and they have to face the
challenge (they may become socially related).
• Three persons who are studying in a school, are friends. They go to
cinema together. They are socially connected. They have a friendship
OTHER EXAMPLES OF GROUPS
• Find elements of “social relationship” in the following groups:
• A football team
• An internet listserv (where people exchange views on one specific
issue) or a friendship group in facebook
• A college psychology class with 14 participants
• A cult
• A community-based group working to create a better environment for
the citizens with their participation
• A business team working on the vision and mission of a company
INTERACTION IS NECESSARY !
• For such social interconnectedness, interaction is a must.
Cohesiveness A group is said to be in a state of cohesion when its members
possess bonds linking them to one another and to the group as
a whole. Each and every member feel a sense of group identity.
Conformity means that a member / members match their
attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors to group norms.
Coordination is the act of organizing the roles, making different
members work together for a goal or effect to fulfill desired goals
in the group.
Solidarity is unity that produces ties that bind members together.
Dynamics The flow of coherent activities - as envisaged - leads the group
towards the realization of its goals.
• A group may have “norms”, “roles” (assigned to group members),
“communication structure” (who talks to whom), and “a power structure”
(how much the members have authority and influence) but the group cannot
remain a group without having the interconnectedness – which means to have
• A group dies if the interaction fades.
talking listening seeing
Primary groups Secondary groups
Open group Closed group
Support groups Peer groups
Formal groupsInformal groups
Charity groups Friendship groups
A FACILITATOR WORKS WITH/IN GROUPS…
It is practical for a facilitator to know about the following types of groups –
why they are beneficial and useful? Who are their members? What they do ?
and what could be the role of a facilitator in each group?
HOWEVER, THESE THREE FORMS ARE
IMPORTANT FOR A FACILITATOR:
Small groups Workshop group Public
Decision-making is easier It can be diverse/
Good for resource-raisingAble to carry out a specific task
Effective for synchronic trainingConflict resolution can be easier
Participants become sensitive
Brain-storming brings more ideas
Participation increasesSuitable for
Voices are heardDeep interaction
Needs assessment and priority-settingLearning by doing
Planning and goal-setting
• FORSYTH, D. R. (2006). GROUP DYNAMICS (INTERNATIONAL STUDENT
EDITION).THOMSON/WADSWORTH: BELMONT, CA.
• LEWIN, K. (1945). "THE RESEARCH CENTER FOR GROUP DYNAMICS AT
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY". SOCIOMETRY 8 (2): 126–136.