Top five economies

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Top five economies

  1. 1. Start with the name of Allah, Who is the most Beneficent, The most Merciful !
  2. 2. Presentation of Business Communication Presented To: Presented By: Department: H.Muhammad Farhan Muhammad Saeed (25) Umar Hayat (41) Muhammad Yaseen(29) Shakeel Shahzad (40) Adil Ayaz (01) Management Sciences BBA (HONS) 3rd (Morning) The Islamia University Of Bahawalpur (Bahawalnagar Campus)
  3. 3. Topic of Presentation: Top Five Economies in the World European Union United State Germany Japan China
  4. 4. European European Flag Union: Seal
  5. 5. What is Economy? Economics is the study of how people choose to use resources. Resources include the time and talent people have available, the land, buildings, equipment, and other tools on hand, and the knowledge of how to combine them to create useful products and services. What is GDP: (Gross Domestic Product). The total market value of all final goods and services produced in a country in a given year, equal to total consumer.
  6. 6.  Central Bank of the Euro system. European Central Bank. Top in ranking in the world `
  7. 7. Countries that are part of the Euro system. (Countries that use the euro system there are 27 countries) Countries that created the euro area and introduced the euro in 1999:  Austria  Ireland  Belgium  Italy  Finland  Netherlands  France  Portugal  Germany  Spain
  8. 8.  Countries that were admitted to the euro area later:  Greece (2001)  Slovenia (2007)  Cyprus (2008)  Malta (2008)  Slovakia (2009)
  9. 9.  Gross  Domestic Product at market prices. European Union 12,449,000 millions of euro (2011) 12,445,314 millions of euro (2012)  Euro area 9,298,403 millions of euro (2011) 9,269,467 millions of euro (2012)
  10. 10.  Real GDP growth: An inflation-adjusted measure that reflects the value of all goods and services produced in a given year, expressed in base-year prices. 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 EU (27 countries ) 3.2% 0.3% 4.4% 2.1% 1.5% EU Area 3% 0.4% 4.4% 1.5% 1.9% 2% 1.7% 5.00% 4.00% 3.00% 2.00% EU E Area 1.00% 0.00% 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  11. 11.  GDP - composition by sector  Agriculture: 1.8%  Industry: 25.1%  Services: 73.1% 80.00% 70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00%
  12. 12.  Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (% of GDP) All expenditure incurred by the country during 1 year on R & D (Research & Development). EU (27 Country): Euro area: 2% 2.06%
  13. 13.  Unemployment Rate: The percentage of the total labor force that is unemployed but actively seeking employment and willing to work. 2010 2011 2012 10.1% 10.1% 10.9% Rate 11.2 11 10.8 10.6 10.4 10.2 10 9.8 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  14. 14. Gross household saving rate (%) EU (27 Country): 11.42% Household saving is defined as the difference between a household’s disposable income (mainly wages received, revenue of the selfemployed and net property income) and its consumption expenditures on goods and services.
  15. 15.  General government balance (% of GDP). The Government budget balance, also commonly referred to as general government balance,[1] public budget balance, or public fiscal balance, is the overall result of a country's general government budget over the course of an accounting period, usually one year. European Union Euro area- 2009 2010 2011 2012 6.7% 6.5% 4.6% 3.8% 6.4% 6.3% 4.1% 3.2%
  16. 16. Largest companies in Europe Union. HSBC Holding(53) PB Company(04) Royal Bank of Scotland(100) ING Group Total (11 in ranking)
  17. 17. Telefonica (78 in ranking) Daimler (21 in ranking) Nokia (120 in ranking) France Telecom(21 in ranking) Nestlé(42 in ranking)
  18. 18. Over to”; Umar Hayyat
  19. 19. United State of America
  20. 20.  Central bank :  2nd bank in the top world ranking Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Washington)
  21. 21.  International Reserves US$ 150.158 billion (Source: IMF; Data updated: November 2011)
  22. 22.  Gross Domestic Product – GDP: US$ 15.61 trillion
  23. 23.  Real GDP growth 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 1.1% 1.8% 2.5% 3.6% 3.1% 2.7% 1.9% 0.3% 3.5% 3% 2012 1.7% 2.1%
  24. 24.  GDP- share of world total 1980 1990 2000 2010 2012 24.59% 24.8% 23.63% 19.47% 18.14%
  25. 25.  GDP - composition by sector  agriculture: 1.2%  industry: 22.1%  services: 76.7%
  26. 26.  Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (% of GDP 2.9%)
  27. 27.  Inflation  The rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising, and, subsequently, purchasing power is falling 2009 2010 2011 2012 0.3% 1.6% 3.1% 2.1%
  28. 28.  Unemployment rate 2009 2010 2011 2012 9.3% 9.6% 9% 8.2%
  29. 29.  Household saving rates 4.5%
  30. 30.  Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)  The total financial obligations incurred by all governmental bodies of a nation. 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 76.1% 89.9% 98.5% 102.9% 106.6%
  31. 31.  Government bond ratings  Standard & Poor's: AA+  Moody's rating: Aaa  Moody's outlook: NEG
  32. 32.  Market value of publicly traded shares 2009 2010 2011 US$15.08 trillion US$17.14 trillion US$15.64 trillion
  33. 33.  Largest companies in The United States ExxonMobil (Oil & Gas Operations)  General Electric
  34. 34. AT&T (Telecommunications services) Wal-Mart Stores (Discount Stores),
  35. 35. IBM (Computer Services)
  36. 36. JAPAN
  37. 37. Japan Economy Country Report: DATA ON GDP AND ECONOMIC INFORMATION.
  38. 38.  Name of the central bank. Bank of Japan This bank is on the 5th in world’s ranking.
  39. 39. International Reserves; US$ 1.210 trillion (Source: IMF; Data updated: November 2012)
  40. 40. Gross Domestic Product – GDP; US$ 5.981 trillion Real GDP growth; 2009 2010 2011 2012 -5.5% 4.4% -0.7% 2%
  41. 41. GDP- share of world total; 1980 1990 2000 2010 2012 9.17% 9.9% 7.63% 5.87% 5.13% 10.00% 8.00%  6.00% 4.00% 2.00% 0.00% 1980 1990 2000 2010 2012
  42. 42. GDP - composition by sector; Agriculture: 1.4%
  43. 43.  Industry: 24%
  44. 44. Services: 74.6% (2012 estimate)
  45. 45. Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (% of GDP) 3.36% (2012) Inflation The average inflation in 2012 slowed to 3.2 percent, from the 4.6 percent
  46. 46. Unemployment rate Household saving rates 6.7% (Net saving; 2012 forecast) Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP) 2008 2009 2010 2010 2011 191.8% 210.2% 215.3% 229.8% 235.8%
  47. 47. Government bond ratings Standard & Poor's: AAMoody's rating: Aa3 Moody's outlook: STA
  48. 48. Market value of publicly traded shares 2009 2010 2011 US$3.378 trillion US$4.1 trillion US$3.541 trillion Largest companies in Japan Nippon Telegraph & Tel  (Telecommunications services)
  49. 49. Mitsubishi UFJ Financial (Major Banks) (5th in ranking)  Toyota Motor (Auto & Truck Manufacturers) (10th No. in ranking)
  50. 50. Honda Motor (Auto & Truck Manufacturers) (64th in ranking)  Sumitomo Mitsui Financial (Major Banks) (191 No. in ranking)
  51. 51.  Mitsubishi Corp (Trading Companies) (125 in ranking) Canon (Business Products & Supplies) (204 in ranking of fortune 500)
  52. 52. China
  53. 53. China C h a n i
  54. 54. History of China       Old: More than 2500 years Area: 9.6 million square kilometers Population: 1.3 billon peoples Political division: 22 provinces (state) five autonomous regions, four municipalities, and two special administrative regions ( Hong Kong , Macau ) Economy: The four largest country in the world measured by nominal GDP Official language: Chinese
  55. 55. A brief ethnic view of China
  56. 56. Largest companies in China  Petro China (Oil & Gas Operations)  ICBC (Major Banks)  China Construction Bank (Regional Banks)  Bank of China (Major Banks)  Sinopec-China Petroleum (Oil & Gas Operations)  Agricultural Bank of China (Regional Banks)  China Life Insurance (Life & Health Insurance)  Bank of Communications (Major Banks)
  57. 57. Market value of publicly traded shares    2010 US$5.008 trillion 2011 US$4.763 trillion 2012 US$3.389 trillion
  58. 58. Real GDP growth             2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 8.3%0 9.1%1 10.1% 10.1% 11.3% 12.7% 14.2% 9.6% 9.2% 10.4% 9.2% 8.2%
  59. 59. GDP - composition by sector  Agriculture: 9.6%  Industry:47.1%  Services: 43.3%
  60. 60. Unemployment rate 2009  2010  2011  2012*  4% 4% 4.1% 4.3%
  61. 61. Public debt (General government gross debt as a % of GDP)      2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 22% 25.8% 33.5% 7.7% 17%
  62. 62. Government bond ratings    Standard & Poor's: AAMoody's rating: Aa3 Moody's outlook: POS
  63. 63. Germany
  64. 64. Central bank of Germany: Deutsche Bundesbank (Germany is part of the Euro system and the European Central Bank)
  65. 65. International Reserves US$ 254.743 billion (November 2012)
  66. 66. Gross Domestic Product – GDP US$ 3.479 trillion ( In 2012)
  67. 67. Real GDP growth: 2009 2010 5.1% 3.6% 2011 3.1% Series 1 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Series 1 2009 2010 2011 2012 2012*0.6%
  68. 68. GDP - composition by sector: Agriculture: 0.8% Industry: 28.1% Services: 71%
  69. 69. Gross domestic expenditure on R&D: 2.82% of the total GDP..
  70. 70. Germany is the 5th largest economy Exports: US$1.337 trillion Germany export Vahical,Chemicals,Metals etc Import US$1.12 trillion textiles , Foods,etc
  71. 71. Unemployment rate 2009 7.7% 2010 7.1% 2011 6% 2012 5.6%
  72. 72. Household saving rates: 11.4%
  73. 73. Largest companies in Germany: Allianz (Diversified Insurance) Volkswagen Group (Auto & Truck Manufacturers) E.ON (Electric Utilities) Daimler (Auto & Truck Manufacturers) Siemens (Conglomerates) Deutsche Bank (Major Banks) BMW Group (Auto & Truck Manufacturers) BASF (Diversified Chemicals) Deutsche Telekom (Telecommunications services) RWE Group (Electric Utilities) Munich Re (Diversified Insurance)
  74. 74. Thank You

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