Kent State Ashtabula AITP - Exploring IT and Intro to PowerShell

849 views

Published on

Presented to the

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
849
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Definition from Wikipedia.com
  • Image taken from http://www.flickr.com/photos/stars6/4292229725/sizes/m/in/photolist-7xhNmM-duDWMX-eSqrCe-eSBS7Y-askRQH-ceVEMq-ceVEfY-8qm3fE-8TMJ1r-9phvjW-7F9dgt-fYaQn9-bVPBm9-7Fd8JJ-7KqaBM-duKxtE-8zToCF-aTSxNp-9z7kzV-duDWSK-duZeky-8JV3By-8JS116-8JV3z7-fr8J7D-8JV3wq/
  • Image taken from http://www.flickr.com/photos/mr_t_in_dc/7507250862/sizes/z/in/photolist-croC8G-cqCNSo-bkJURE-bkJUL5-byDNDi-byDNtZ-fnqNKa-fnqNAz-byDyrv-byDykc-bqQrzp-878JH7-bmYTFQ-93Wn1e-ahBoid-a8vYaB-87RTKd-9Syaio-8CnHRa-fwGZNw-9hFWEx/
  • Image taken from http://www.flickr.com/photos/shinyai/397732651/sizes/z/in/photolist-B9u4v-B9u5o-B9u5Z-B9u6f-MhYk4-Tc8if-4s6q3J-5D8R61-6nhdNX-6uyFuG-6BdbuG-6EXTfN-6QEtv9-7h17Fq-8UkNGb-9psa3Y-br7tuK-br7uon-br7u2c-br7uRD-br7tDp-br7tQP-br7uGc-br7v5z-br7ud4-br7uvZ-b83fnz-9v7RRB-9v7QfM-9vaTjC-9vaRNJ-9v7R58-9vaTHm-9vaR4q-9v7Sbc-9vaSX1-cH7XBU-9zXayi-7V6bUg-8ok6X6/
  • Picture taken from http://normannoble.com
  • Icon taken from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Windows_PowerShell_icon.png
  • Screenshot 1: Update-HelpScreenshot 2: Get-Help help -examples
  • Kent State Ashtabula AITP - Exploring IT and Intro to PowerShell

    1. 1. EXPLORING VARIOUS IT ENVIRONMENTS & INTRO TO POWERSHELL PRESENTED FOR THE KENT STATE ASHTABULA AITP CHAPTER NOVEMBER 13, 2013 SARAH DUTKIEWICZ SARAH@CLETECHCONSULTING.COM
    2. 2. AGENDA • Quick Background • Adventures in IT • Why you should care about it • What products can benefit from it • What is IT • IT in Education • IT in an ISP • • PowerShell Basics IT in Manufacturing • Resources • IT elsewhere • Intro to PowerShell • What is it
    3. 3. QUICK BACKGROUND THINGS TO KNOW BEFORE EMBARKING INTO IT ADVENTURES
    4. 4. SARAH’S BACKGROUND • First computer was a Compaq Presario 486, late start into computing • Originally focused on software – VB3 app talking to an Access database • Data junkie / UX junkie • Programming language junkie • Programming and data internship right out of high school • Bachelor of Science in Computer Science & Engineering Technology, University of Toledo, May 2002 • Various IT positions and a developer position along the way • Independent consultant since August 2011 • Married to an IT consultant with similar background
    5. 5. COMPUTER SCIENCE & ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY • Some electrical courses – resistive & reactive circuits, electronics, digital logic design, field programmable logic devices (VHDL) • Some hardware-related courses – VLSI, PC and industrial networks, small computers • Some programming-related courses – Microcomputers (Assembly), Web Site Design (HTML, XML) , Java, JavaScript, programming language paradigms • Admin-related courses – Web server administration • Middle-tier courses – Client-Server computing
    6. 6. ADVENTURES IN IT
    7. 7. WHAT IS I.T.?
    8. 8. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY The application of computers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data, often in the context of business or other enterprise
    9. 9. SOME ROLES IN IT - ADMINISTRATORS System administration Software Hardware Server administration Web server administration Mail server administration Database server administration Network administration
    10. 10. OTHER ROLES IN IT • Software developer • Project manager • Desktop or other client support • Reports manager • And many others
    11. 11. INDUSTRIES FOR IT CAREERS • Manufacturing • Medical • Financial • Energy • Education • Insurance • Libraries • Government • Military • Anywhere technology is needed! (EVERYWHERE!)
    12. 12. IT IN EDUCATION
    13. 13. TYPES OF CLIENTS • Faculty and Staff • Lawyers • Military (ROTC) • Executives (President, VPs, chancellors, etc.) • Labs
    14. 14. ENVIRONMENT CONSIDERATIONS • Various platforms – Solaris, Linux, Windows, Mac; mobile, desktop, tablet • Various backgrounds – technical and non-technical users • Every client is different • Sometimes you won’t know what you’re getting into until you’re there
    15. 15. STORIES FROM EDUCATION • The First Few Weeks • The Paranoid Grad Student • ROTC • Overall Adventures
    16. 16. IT IN AN INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDER (ISP)
    17. 17. WHAT MAKES UP THE IT TEAM OF AN ISP • Systems Administrators • Mail Administrators • Webserver Administrators • Network Administrators & Engineers • Web Developers* • Technical Support
    18. 18. EXPERIENCE WITH TECH SUPPORT • First line of defense, sometimes the gateway to the other tech departments • Mostly phone support, some onsite support • Not scripted, as every call is different • End user could be a personal or business account • Customers are human, so add a personal touch • Pay attention to others on the team and learn from them • Don’t be afraid to talk to other departments to learn about their jobs so that you can do your job better in supporting them as well, since calls may come in for them
    19. 19. STORIES FROM ISP I.T. • The “I Want to Talk to the Manager” Dilemma • Becoming Familiar with Clients
    20. 20. IT IN MANUFACTURING
    21. 21. MOTTO OF MANUFACTURING If it’s broken, fix it. If it’s working, don’t break it.
    22. 22. ROLES OF IT IN MANUFACTURING • Database Administrator • ERP systems • Timeclocks • Financial reporting • HR issues • System Administrator • Network Administrator • Troubleshoot technical issues with machines • Phone system (PBX) administration • Desktop support
    23. 23. STORIES FROM IT IN MANUFACTURING • Sensitive Data • Security Checks • Small Team to Large Client Base
    24. 24. IT ELSEWHERE
    25. 25. GENERAL NOTES ON IT • IT roles may be siloed – where you can specialize in a part of IT and stay with it • Smaller companies try for more jacks of all trades to watch their IT costs • A lot of companies see IT as nothing more than an overhead department, despite the necessity • Consultants are jacks of all trades • Managers of IT departments may or may not have technical experience; some places put managers in place with business/team building skills rather than technical know-how
    26. 26. INTRO TO POWERSHELL
    27. 27. AGENDA • What is it • Why you should care about it • What products can benefit from it • System requirements • Resources
    28. 28. WHAT IS POWERSHELL? • .NET Scripting Language from Microsoft used for task automation and configuration management • Available for Windows XP and later • Comes with newer Windows operating systems • Can be used to replace batch files and VBScript files • Extensible automation engine
    29. 29. WHO CAN BENEFIT FROM POWERSHELL? • Developers • System Administrators • Mail Administrators • Database Administrators • SharePoint Administrators • Anyone who has tasks using the .NET Framework that can be automated
    30. 30. SIMPLE POWERSHELL EXAMPLE
    31. 31. OBJECT-ORIENTED NATURE OF POWERSHELL
    32. 32. WHY YOU SHOULD CARE ABOUT POWERSHELL • Managing one user in a GUI = easy; managing hundreds of users in a GUI = time-consuming • Many click-click-click processes can be automated • Automating processes with a script makes processing quicker, giving you more time to tackle other issues or projects • VBScript is a thing of the past; a lot more products are using PowerShell for administration
    33. 33. WHAT CAN IT AUTOMATE? • List all computers on a network, with their operating system and service pack level • Start a service on multiple computers • Manage Active Directory users • Scrape all the event logs on your network for a particular error • IIS website setup • And many more!
    34. 34. PRODUCTS THAT BENEFIT FROM POWERSHELL ADMINISTRATION • Active Directory • VPN • Exchange • BitLocker • Office 365 • IBM Websphere MQ • SharePoint • System Center • SQL Server • Windows Compute Cluster Server • Windows Server • VMWare vShere • IIS • Network Administration
    35. 35. TWO ENVIRONMENTS • Console • Integrated Scripting Environment
    36. 36. SOME OF THE SUPPORTED OPERATING SYSTEMS • Windows Server 2012 • Windows 8 • Windows Server 2008 R2 • Windows Server 2008 R2 Server Core • Windows Server 2008 SP1 – SP3 • Windows 7 • Windows Vista SP1 – SP2 • Windows XP SP3 & Windows 7 XP Mode • Windows Embedded POSReady 2009 • Windows Embedded for Point of Service 1.1
    37. 37. MINIMUM INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS • Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 with Service Pack 1 • Windows Management Framework Core
    38. 38. COMPONENTS • Variables • Aliases • Cmdlets • Functions • Providers • Modules
    39. 39. VARIABLES • Store results in a variable to use later • Some variables are built-in • Special variables • args – collection of arguments passed to a script • $_ - the pipeline variable • $Host – information about the current PowerShell environment • ~ - user’s home directory • List current variables: dir Variable:
    40. 40. ALIASES • Shortcuts for commands • Set-Alias for setting aliases • Get-Alias for getting aliases • No alias alias: Set-Alias alias Set-Alias
    41. 41. CMDLETS • Pronounced “command-let” • Verb-Noun Structure • Most Helpful Ones When Learning; • Get-Help / Update-Help • Get-Command • Get-Member • Specific Approved Verbs – see Get-Verb
    42. 42. GET-HELP / UPDATE-HELP • Newer versions of PowerShell aren’t shipping with the help files so Update-Help should be run first • At any point, you can type Get-Help for help • Syntax: Get-Help topic –type Get-Help cmdlet – type • Topics typically start with about_ • Types of help include: • Examples • Detailed • Full • Online
    43. 43. GET-HELP EXAMPLES
    44. 44. GET-COMMAND • Gets a list of available commands • Can do wildcard searches • Can filter results with options – including Verb, Module, Noun, CommandType
    45. 45. GET-COMMAND EXAMPLE
    46. 46. GET-MEMBER • Shows attributes, properties, and methods of an object • Shows the .NET type of an object • Syntax: Object | Get-Member • Object can be a command, cmdlet, variable, or other .NET object
    47. 47. GET-MEMBER EXAMPLES
    48. 48. PROVIDERS • Make it easier to access certain data stores • Includes : • Registry • Certificates • Environment Variables • FileSystem • Function • Alias • Variable • WSMAN
    49. 49. MODULES • Package of goodies • Cmdlets • Aliases • Functions • Providers • Other PowerShell Goodies
    50. 50. SCRIPT MODULE • Written in PowerShell • PSM1 file
    51. 51. BINARY MODULE • Written in C# • DLL file
    52. 52. MANIFEST MODULE • PSD1 File • New-ModuleManifest
    53. 53. POWERSHELL RESOURCES • Hey Scripting Guy! Blog: http://blogs.technet.com/b/heyscriptingguy/ • PowerScripting Podcast: http://powerscripting.wordpress.com/ • Automating Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Administration with Windows PowerShell 2.0: http://qtlil.me/psbook • PowerShell.org: http://powershell.org • PowerShell.com • On Twitter: #PowerShell
    54. 54. SARAH DUTKIEWICZ TWITTER: @SADUKIE BLOG: HTTP://CODINGGEEKETTE.COM EMAIL: SARAH@CLETECHCONSULTING.COM LINKEDIN: MY LINKEDIN PROFILE

    ×