Precis (or summary)

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Precis (or summary)

  1. 1. The Précis (or Summary)   A summary or a précis is NOT a personal interpretation of a work or an expression of your opinion of the idea. A précis is a clear, compact logical summary of a passage. It preserves only the essential or important ideas of the original. It is a kind of shorthand in your study of history. February 18, 2014
  2. 2. Use of the Precis  This technique of writing can be used in several areas – e.g.  Essay Preparation Note-Taking Document Based Questions Research Papers February 18, 2014
  3. 3. Usage Examples  Newspaper  Opening headline paragraph of newspaper story, lecture, notes and lots more. February 18, 2014
  4. 4. Requirements:     Concentration and alertness Sensitivity to word meanings and the author's viewpoint. Ability to distinguish between major and minor points. A sense of proportion and emphasis. February 18, 2014
  5. 5. STEPS IN READING A PASSAGE FOR THE PRECIS.       Read the whole passage attentively. Begin to recognize the author's tone and viewpoint. Re-read the passage several times if necessary for clear comprehension (understanding) of ideas. Note and disregard parts of the writer’s work that are introductory. Underline key phrases, make notes in the margin. Observe the emphasis or approach used by the author. February 18, 2014
  6. 6. STEPS IN READING A PASSAGE FOR THE PRECIS.   Do not use the specific examples, figures of speech or quotations cited by the author in developing your précis. When you are selecting ideas from a passage, ask yourself the following question: If this idea were omitted, would the fundamental meaning of the passage be changed? February 18, 2014
  7. 7. Writing the Précis    Try to limit your précis to no more than 1/3 the length of the original passage. Use clear, factual expressions, do not attempt to copy the style of the original source. Do not introduce ideas of your own. Do not criticize or change the writer's ideas. THIS IS NOT THE FORUM FORTHAT! February 18, 2014
  8. 8. GOOD BYE February 18, 2014

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