Teaching methods

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Teaching methods

  1. 1. Teaching Methodologies in Early Years Classrooms Ms. Neelofer Mehdi Advance Diploma in Human Development (Early Child Development)
  2. 2. Objectives • To explore modern teaching methods used in early years classrooms • To recognize the impacts of teaching methods on child’s holistic development • To promote modern teaching and learning practices in challenging environment
  3. 3. Write your challenges……
  4. 4. Activity
  5. 5. Lets Reflect
  6. 6. Now think!!! • What do you expect from your teaching? • As a student who was your favorite teacher and why? • Why we are interested in this topic?
  7. 7. Traditional Approach Out come of Traditional Teaching
  8. 8. I am Teaching are you Learning?????
  9. 9. I How come the more I talk the less my students learn?
  10. 10. How traditional teaching is different from modern teaching methods?
  11. 11. Advantages of Lecturing • • • • • • • • Spark interest Provide unavailable information Convey large amounts of information Reach large audiences Model ways of thinking Maintain control Protect students Help auditory learners Source: Sutherland and Bonwell
  12. 12. Disadvantages of Lecturing • • • • • • Passive students Inadequate feedback Flagging attention Poor retention Burden on lecturer Non-auditory learners Source: Sutherland and Bonwell
  13. 13. Students Tune Out Source: Pollio
  14. 14. Lectures Assume Homogeneity
  15. 15. Fundamentals of Active learning 1. Learning is an active process. 2. Different people learn in different ways. 3. We often don’t know what we think until we try to say it or write it. 4. Just because you’ve said it doesn’t mean they’ve learned it.
  16. 16. Tell me and I forget, Show me and I remember, Involve me and I understand.
  17. 17. Make lesson alive in Classroom Remember: A learner learns in response to needs. Need relate to the situation in which they live therefore, Education should be life related.
  18. 18. Therefore: The relationship between [students'] active involvement and effective learning is very strong
  19. 19. Obama bends over so the son of WhiteHouse staff member can pat his head during a family visit to the Oval Office May 8, 2009. The youngster wanted to see if the President's haircut felt like his own.
  20. 20. Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences • • • • • • • • Linguistic intelligence Logical/Mathematical intelligence Visual/Spatial intelligence Musical intelligence Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence Interpersonal intelligence Intrapersonal intelligence Naturalist intelligence
  21. 21. Write • How can you over come those challenges?
  22. 22. Lets explore some modern teaching methods that ensure child’s active involvement
  23. 23. Teaching Methodologies cont.. Lectures - Guest Speaker Discussions (Two way interaction through questioning skills) Small Group discussions Large group presentations by students Slide shows Library research Posters Video / Movies Brain Storming
  24. 24. Teaching Methodologies Survey Role Playing/Drama Drawing/put ideas into pictures Puppet show Narration (Story) Pictorial presentation of Story Cartoon (pictorial) cont..
  25. 25. Teaching Methodologies cont.. Imagination Flash cards Singing/poems Poetry writing Newspapers/magazines/reading material Story writing Book reviews Model Making
  26. 26. Teaching Methodologies Flow Charts Map Making Puzzles Art work Play Time Lines Sequencing the stories Picture stories Clues Forming a Story
  27. 27. Storying • Read and act out the stories: 1. Moral stories, Prophet’s Stories, Fairy tales,Fables. • When can we use story? • Why tell stories? • What can children learn from story?
  28. 28. Asking Questions • Why do we ask questions? • examples of questions for the story – Observation questions – Interpretation questions – Application questions • When can you ask these questions?
  29. 29. Understanding the Story • How would you introduce the story? • What questions do we ask after a starter or story? – Provoke thinking – Observation questions: What did you See? – Interpretation questions: What is Happening? Why? – Application questions: Does this happen in Our place? What should we Do about it?
  30. 30. Involving the Children • How can you involve the children in the story? – They can name the characters or change the animals. – They can act out the story. – Ask them questions during the story, such as, “What should he have done instead?” – Have them give another ending to the story. – Ask them to relate the story to their own lives.
  31. 31. • Balloon Activity
  32. 32. Impact of modern teaching methods on Child’s Holistic Development • • • • Physical Development Linguistic Development Social –Emotional Development Cognitive Development
  33. 33. Group work is a very effective teaching method •Jigsaw •Cooperative learning helps learner’s to acquire social skills. •Think-pair-share Particularly dealing with differences Safe Time and Resources Develop Teamwork Develops Communication skills Improve decision making and problem solving skills
  34. 34. Key Learning from Group Activities • Use teaching method which involves more senses • Focused on holistic development of learners • Provide more opportunities to work in pair and groups
  35. 35. Things to remember!!!! • Go beyond the curriculum • Integrate the concept with student’s daily life. • Involve maximum opportunities student to participate in teaching and learning process.
  36. 36. Can you • promote modern teaching methods in your own settings? • How?
  37. 37. No single teaching method or approach will be successful with all children. Snow, Burns, & Griffin, 1998; IRA & NAEYC position statement, 1998
  38. 38. Good teaching should be the centre piece of efforts to improve developmental outcomes for children.

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