Symbiotic Relationships

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Symbiotic Relationships

  1. 1. Symbiotic relationships
  2. 2. Symbiosis <ul><li>A close interaction between individuals of different species </li></ul><ul><li>Can be beneficial or harmful </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mutualism <ul><li>An interaction between two species that produces a fitness benefit </li></ul><ul><li>They both must benefit from the relationship </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mutualism?
  5. 5. How do each benefit? <ul><li>Clown fish receives protection </li></ul><ul><li>Anemone receives protection from butterfly fish and food. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Other examples <ul><li>Cleaner shrimp </li></ul><ul><li>Pollenators </li></ul><ul><li>Bacteria in our digestive system </li></ul>
  7. 7. Commensalism <ul><li>One species receives a benefit while the other is unaffected </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phoresy (transportation only) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inquilinism (shelter only) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metabiosis (after death) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Inquilinism
  9. 9. Metabiosis
  10. 10. Parasitism <ul><li>The most easily recognized form of symbiosis </li></ul><ul><li>One benefits and the other is harmed or killed </li></ul><ul><li>Tongue Eating Fish Parasite </li></ul>
  11. 11. Tongue parasite
  12. 12. Trichinosis
  13. 13. Symbiosis Wrap Up

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