The 13 states of Malaysia• Malaysia is divided into 13 states and 3 federal territories (Wilayah Persekutuan)- Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya and Labuan• South China Sea separates Peninsular Malaysia from Sabah and Sarawak
HISTORY OF MALAYSIA40 Mil. • Earliest known traces of human habitation 1400 • Melaka Sultanate the starting point of the historic era. 1511 • The Coming of the Portuguese 1642 • Dutch captured Melaka from the Portuguese 1824 • The Surrender of Melaka to the British By The Dutch 1941 • The Japanese occupation in Malaya during World War II 1945 • Colonization of British 1957 • Malayan Independence (31st of August) by Tunku Abdul Rahman 1961 • Combination of Malaya, Singapore, Sabah & Sarawak to form Malaysia • Singapore leaves Malaysia to become an independent nation (1963) 1963
Jalur Gemilang• "Stripes of Glory“-towards continuous growth and success.• 14 alternating red and white stripes: 13 member states and the federal government• White - peace and honesty• Red - Strength, bravery and courage in facing challenges.• Blue –Unity of the Malaysian people• Yellow - the yellow seen on the crescent and star is the color of the royal family• 14-point yellow star: Federal Star which symbolises the unity of the 13 states with the Federal Government.
Malaysia National Flower• National flower of Malaysia is the hibiscus, or bunga raya (봉아라야).• The first Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman, chose this as the national flower in 1960.• The red colour of the bunga raya represents courage
CURRENCY Malaysian Ringgit (MYR),링깃36,000 WON 18,000 WON 180 WON3,600 WON 1,800 WON 62 WON620 WON 360 WON 36 WON MYR 1 = 360 WON 18 WON
Prices ( South Korea vs Malaysia) • Malaysia + COFFEE • KoreaRM4.00 2500 WON(1500 WON) (RM7.00)RM28.90 19900 Won(10500 WON) (RM55.00)
Comparison between Malaysia and South KoreaArea • Malaysia :329,845 km2 • South Korea :100,210 km2Population • Malaysia :28,310,000 • South Korea :48,758,000Seoul VS Kuala Lumpur • Seoul - Area : 605.25 km2 Population:10,421,782 • Kuala Lumpur -Area : 243.65 km2 Population :1,809,699Busan VS Penang • Busan – Area: 766.12 km2 Population:3,635,389 • Penang – Area : 1046.3 km2 Population:1,773,422
Who Are We Malaysian ?• Malaysia is a unique country with the combination of multi races who lived together in Malaysia for generations.• To understand Malaysian culture, we must first get to know its PEOPLE, so who are we MALAYSIAN?
Population of MalaysiaEthnic Groups: Others 7.8%50.4% Malay Indigenous23.7% Chinese 11%7.1% Indian Indian Malay 7.1%11.0% Indigenous 50.4%7.8% Others Chinese 23.7%
MALAYSIAMALAYS CHINESE INDIAN OTHERS HOKKIEN BABA NYONYA HAKKA MINANGKABAU CANTONESE IBAN TEOCHEW KADAZAN DUSUN MANDIRIN BAJAU HAINANESE MIN BEI FOOCHOW
The Malays– Today, the Malays, make up Malaysias– largest ethnic group, which is more than– 50% of the population– They are known as bumiputera, which translates as “sons” or “princes” of the soil.– In Malaysia, the term Malay refers to a person who practices Islam and Malay traditions and speaks the Malay language– Their conversion to Islam from Hinduism and Buddhism began when the Sultan of Melaka embraced it in the 14th Century. (When Arab traders introduce Islam to Malacca)
The Chinese– The second largest ethnic group, the Malaysian Chinese form 23.7% of the population– The Chinese first arrived in Malaysia in the 15th century, when the Ming Princess Hang Li Po and her entourage arrived in Malacca.– The Chinese traded with Malaysia for centuries, then settled in numbers during the 19th century when word of riches in the Nanyang, or "South Seas," spread across China.– Most Chinese are Buddhist– Beside Mandarin, they speak different dialects of the Chinese language such as Cantonese ,hokkien ,teowchew
The Indian– The third largest ethnic group of Malaysia– Accounting for about 7% of the country’s population– Indians had been visiting Malaysia for over 2,000 years, but did not settle en masse until the 19th century.– Most are from South India who immigrated to Malaysia during British colonial times.– They are Mainly Hindus, they brought their colorful cultures such as Hindi temples, spicy cuisine and colorful garments
The Indigenous (orang asli) – Orang asli mean “Original Resident “ in Malay – They are the oldest inhabitants in Malaysia – They are mainly seen in East Malaysia in Sabah and Sarawak provinces. – In Sabah, the largest official ethnic group is Kadazan while in Sarawak, the dominant tribal groups are the Dayak, Iban and Bidayuh.
Peranakan, Baba-Nyonya– Peranakan, Baba-Nyonya and Straits Chinese are terms used for the descendants of the very early Chinese immigrants(15th century)– Who have partially adopted Malay customs in an effort to be assimilated into the local communities.– The spoken language is Baba Malay, which is Malay language with Chinese Hokkien mix.– Peranakans are found mainly in Melaka ,Penang and Kelantan
Portuguese Descendants– Known also as Eurasians– they are the descendants of the Portuguese who arrived in Melaka in 1511 who built settlements and married the locals– Their spoken language is Christang, which is an old form of Portuguese.– The Eurasians are predominantly Catholic– Numbering around 2000, they live in a settlement in Ujong Pasir, Melaka.
Climate of Malaysia• Climate: Tropical• Average Temperature: 20°C - 30°C• Hot and humid around the year• Malaysia has two monsoon seasons – Southwest Monsoon from late May to September – Northeast Monsoon from November to March
KUALA LUMPUR CITY CENTRE (KLCC) • the worlds tallest buildings from 1998 to 2004, when their height was surpassed by Taipei 101. From 2001 the towers remain the tallest twin buildings in the world. • Tower 1 was built by a Japanese consortium led by the Hazama Corporation while Tower 2 was built by Samsung C&T and Kukdong Engineering & Construction, both South Korean contractors. • The towers feature a sky bridge between the two towers on 41st and 42nd floors, which is the highest 2-story bridge
KUALA LUMPUR •The KL Tower is the sixth tallest telecommunication tower in the world TOWER421 m •The tower has 4 elevators and stairs with a total of 2,058 steps and races are organized yearly where participants335 m race up the stairs to the top276 m •The tower head holds the public observation platform (276 m) and revolving restaurant providing public a panoramic view of the city •The antenna that reaches 421 m, and is specially utilized for telecommunication and broadcasting transmissions
Gunung Mulu National Park •Gunung Mulu National Park near Miri, Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site •Encompasses incredible caves and karst formations in a mountainous equatorial rainforest setting. •The national park is named after Mount Mulu, the second highest mountain in Sarawak.
•Batu Caves is a limestone hill, which has aBATU CAVES series of caves and cave temples, located north of Kuala Lumpur. •It takes its name from the Sungai Batu or Batu River, which flows past the hill. •The cave is one of the most popular Hindu shrines outside India, dedicated to Lord Murugan. •It is the focal point of Hindu festival of Thaipusam in Malaysia.
MOUNT KINABALU (SABAH) •It is located in the east Malaysian state of Sabah and is protected as Kinabalu National Park, a World Heritage Site. •Kinabalu is the tallest peak in Borneos Crocker Range
EDUCATION•Education in Malaysia is monitored by thefederal government Ministry of Education.
non-compulsive kindergarten education6 years of compulsory primary educationDivided into two categories:1- the national primary school (use BahasaMalaysia as the medium of instruction)2- the vernacular school (use either Chinese orTamil as the medium of instruction) 5 years of secondary education
School Grade AgePrimary School Standard 1 7 Standard 2 8 Standard 3 9 Standard 4 10 Standard 5 11 Standard 6 12School Grade AgeSecondary School Form 1 13 Form 2 14 Form 3 15 Form 4 16 Form 5 17
MAJOR INDUSTRIES & RESOURCES•Malaysia is well endowed with natural resourcesin areas such as agriculture, forestry and minerals.•In terms of agriculture, Malaysia is one of the topexporters of natural rubber and palmoil, which, together with sawn logs and sawntimber, cocoa, pepper, pineapples andtobacco, dominate the growth of the sector.•Rubber, once the mainstay of the Malaysianeconomy, has been largely replaced by oil palm asMalaysias leading agricultural export.
• Malaysia was, at one time, the worlds largestproducer of tin prior to the collapse of the tinmarket in the early 1980s.• In the 1970s, the predominantly mining andagricultural based Malaysian economy began atransition towards a more export-basedmanufacturing sector.• In 1972 petroleum and natural gas took overfrom tin as the mainstay of the mineralextraction sector.•Other minerals of some importance orsignificance include:copper graniteclay marble blockssilica limestone
Malaysia mainly exports thefollowing commodities:•Electronic equipment•Petroleum and liquefied natural gas•Wood and wood products•Palm oil•Rubber•Textiles•Chemicals
Malaysia mainly imports thefollowing commodities:•Electronics•Machinery•Petroleum products•Plastics•Vehicles•Iron and steel products•Chemicals
Religions of Malaysian• The Malaysian constitution guarantees religious freedom• Islam is the largest and official religion of Malaysia• Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism are common too• Some Malaysian do practice Confucianism and Taoism
Languages spoken by Malaysians• The National Language, Bahasa Malaysia which translates as the "Malaysian language“• English is the second language• Tamil and Chinese are commonly used too
Fun Time With Bahasa MalaysiaKorean Bahasa Malaysia안녕하세요 Selamat Pagi/ Selamat Petang ( Selamat Sejahtera )안녕히 계세요 Selamat tinggal안녕히 가세요 Selamat Jalan안녕히 주무십시요 Selamat Malam이름은 무엇입니까? Apa nama anda?제 이름은 Park Ji Nama saya Park Ji SungSung 입니다미안합니다 Maaf감사합니다 Terima kasih사랑해 Aku cinta padamu어떻게 지내세요? Apa khabar?
Try this! (boys and girls)• KAMU SANGAT CANTIK ( You are so Pretty!)• TERIMA KASIH ( Thank You!)• KAMU SANGAT TAMPAN (You are so Handsome!)• TERIMA KASIH ( Thank You!) (Greeting Your Teacher) Selamat Pagi, Cikgu. ( Good Morning, Teacher) Selamat Pagi, Semua ( Good Morning Everyone)
Let’s Sing! RASA SAYANG(M’sian Folk Song) • RASA SAYANG EH • RASA SAYANG SAYANG EH • HEI LIHAT NONA JAUH • RASA SAYANG SAYANG EH
MALAYSIAN FOODAis Kacang Curry Mee Maggie Goreng Roti BakarAgar-agar Dai Bao Mee Goreng Roti BomApom Dim Sum Mee Rebus Roti CanaiAyam Tandoori Eu Char Koay Mee Siam Roti JohnBak Kut Teh Fu Chok Yi Mai Naan SatayBan Mee Haa Mee Nasi Briyani SotoBelacan Hokkien Mee Nasi Dagang SambalBubur Hor Fun Nasi Kandar Sup EkorBubur Cha Cha Ikan Bakar Nasi Lemak Tau Fu FaCendol Jawa Mee Nasi Pataya ThosaiChee Cheong Fun Kaya Otak-otak UlamChai Tau Kuah Keropok Lekor Pandan Kuih Wan Tan MeeChar Koay Teow Ketupat Pisang Goreng Yau Zha GuayChar Kuih Laksa Rojak Yong Tau FuChicken Rice Lobak Rojak Mee Yu Tao Mai
NASI LEMAK (나시르막)• A popular breakfast made of coconut milk rice served with sambal ikan bilis (anchovies) and slices of hard boil egg and cucumber.• Chicken, squid or even beef is added for better satisfaction.
SATAY (사대)• Marinated meat being barbecued over the charcoal.• The peanut sauce is a must as companion.• Some would also like to be served with onions, cucumbers and even ketupat, a rice cube wrapped with palm leaves.
CHAR KUEY TEOW (차괘디아우)• The name of the dish came from the Hokkien which means fried ‘kuey teow’, a type of noodles.• Ingredients such as prawns, fishcake slices, cockles, eggs or even Chinese sausage can be found inside.• But, the dish is vary from one place to another.
HAINANESE CHICKEN RICEHainanese Chicken Rice is cooked with chicken stock andtopped with steamed chicken! The specialty of the dish is thechicken meat where the smoothness and juiciness remains!Dipping the meat into the chillies or ginger served is evennicer!
PRAWN MEEPrawn Mee or Noodles is served with rich flavored stockmade of shrimp. Prawns are must referring to the name of thedish! Also, sliced pork and fishcakes and bean sprout areincluded. Topping with fried spring onion could enriched thetaste better.
BAK KUT TEH (빡굳데)• Bak Kut Teh is originated from the Hokkien word which means herbal soup served with pork.• A bowl of white rice is the best companion to it! Bak means meat (고기) Kut means bone (뼈) Teh means tea (차)
BANANA LEAF RICEBanana Leaf Rice is served on banana leaf with dishes likefried fish, fried chicken, vegetables or anything that theconsumer likes. The banana leaf is used as a plate and toprovide the fragrance to the rice.
NASI KANDAR (나시칸다)• Nasi Kandar is one of the Penang specialty.• Rice is being served with a wide variety of food from vegetables to meat to seafood.• It is a meal of steamed rice which can be plain or mildly flavored, and served with a variety of curries and side dishes.
ROTI CANAI (러띠차나이)• Roti Canai , the Indian pancake resembles local fried pancake which is made from dough• has wide variety of topping such as eggs, sardines, banana and anything you can named it• Best served with Dhall, curry or even only white sugar
ROTI TISU (러띠티수)• Roti Tissue is a much thinner version of traditional Roti canai, almost as thin as a piece of tissue.• The finishing touches to Roti Tissue require skill, and they depend on the creativity of the person who makes it.• Roti tissue is sometimes coated with sweet substances, like sugar and kaya (malaysian jam made from coconut and sugar).• It is now a delicious dessert. kaya
GAMES, ARTS AND SPORTSGasing Lion Dance(가싱) Chinese opera Congkak (청칵)
•WAU (와우) means kite in Malay.is an intricately designed Malaysian moon-kite (normally with floralmotifs) that is traditionally flown by men in the Malaysian state ofKelantan.•Its one of Malaysias national symbols, along some others being thekeris and hibiscus.
MARTIAL ARTS Silambam – weapon-based Indian martial art Silat- Malay martial art ofKeris self-defense Chinese martial art
Chinese traditional Malay traditional musical instruments musical instruments MUSICIndian traditional musical instruments
•Malaysia has a Formula One track, the Sepang International Circuit. •It runs for 310.408 km, and held its first Grand Prix in 2000. SPORTS•Popular sports in Malaysiainclude badminton,bowling, football, squashand field hockey.
FESTIVALS ANDCELEBRATIONS Malaysia is a colorful country not only for its exotic beauty and amazing culture, but also of the many festivals that are celebrated by Malaysians.
Hari Raya Puasa– After a month of fasting during the month of Ramadan, Muslims celebrate the first day of Syawal (which is also the beginning of the 10th month of the Muslim calendar Syawal.)– Fasting during the month of Ramadhan is compulsory ,whereby Muslims are required to abstain from satisfying their most basic needs and urges, daily, between sunrise and sunset.i.e they are not allow to eat during day time .– It is also time for family reunion • Urbanites make their annual pilgrimage to their hometowns (this is popularly referred to as balik kampung), to be with parents, relatives and old friends
Before the Festival• Before the big day, excitement mounts as the house is readied for the celebration with new furnishing and decorations• Food Preparation – The ketupat (packed rice, rice that has been wrapped in a woven palm leaf pouch and boiled) – lemang (glutinous rice cooked in bamboo tubes), – serunding (desiccated coconut fried with chilli)
During The Big Day• The Muslim community ushers in the first day of Aidilfitri by congregating at mosques for morning prayers• Followed by a visit to the cemetery where deceased loved ones• Hari raya is known as the day A time to forgive and forget past quarrels – Asking for pardon is done in order of seniority – The younger members of a family approach their elders (parents, grandparents etc) to seek forgiveness,salam (Muslim equivalent of a handshake), then kiss the hands of the older person as a sign of respect. – Men are usually dressed in Baju Melayu, while the Baju Kurung, the quintessential Malay attire for females
Chinese New Year(1st day of Lunar Calendar)• To the Chinese, the most important festival is Chinese New Year• Celebrated on the first day of the Chinese Lunar Calendar - Same with Korean’s Seollal (설날)• Each year is named after one of the 12 animals according to the Chinese Zodiac• A time for family to reunion
The Origin of CNY : NIAN (monster) Fire CrackersRed Colour
CNY Food• Mandarin oranges: Tangerines and oranges are given as gifts, as their Chinese names sound like "gold" and "wealth"• Nian Gao: a sticky rice pudding cake which is said to make people "advance toward higher positions and prosperity step by step.• Yee Sang : simple mixture of thin slices of raw fish, shredded vegetables, herbs and sauces. (meaning an increase in abundance)
Deepavali– This is a Deepavali is a major festival of the Hindus known as festival of light.– Celebrate the marks the triumph of good over evil, the victory of light over dark.– Homes of Hindus are lit with little lights– On the Deepavali eve, prayers are held both at home and in the temples.– In anticipation of the celebration, homes as well as their surrounding areas are cleaned from top to bottom; decorative designs such as the kolam are drawn or placed on floors and walls.– Deepavali is the day to savor the many delicious Indian delicacies such as sweetmeats, rice puddings and the ever-popular Murukku.
Thaipusam• THAIPUSAM is celebrated by Hindus on the tenth month of the Hindus calendar.• It is a celebration of the birthday of Lord Subramanian• Before this day, Hindus usually prepare themselves• by fasting, dieting on certain food and maintaining self- discipline.
Other Festivals– Wesak Day – Buddha’s birthday • Celebrate around May • similar to Korean’s 부처님탄신일– Mid Autumn Festival (Mooncake Festival) • The 15th day of the 8th month of Lunar calendar (추석) • Carrying brightly lit lanterns • Eating mooncake
– Christmas Day (25th Dec) • The observance of the birth of Jesus Christ on Dec 25 is celebrated in Malaysia like everywhere else in the world • it is a time for family and friends; hope and rejoicing; love and understanding; and giving and forgiving • The birth of Christ is celebrated by Christians in Malaysia in the true traditional style. • Most Christians homes are decorated with festoon and colored lights and the Christmas tree is a must!– Merdeka Day – Independence Day (31stAug) is the national day of Malaysia commemorating the independence of the Federation of Malaya from British colonial rule