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Mech sy

  1. 1. B. E. Mechanical EngineeringObjective and Mission of programme:Aim :- The programme is aimed at imparting education and training in mechanicalengineering at graduate level as a core description of engineering education and builda competent HR base for handling professional challenges in design, thermal sciencesand manufacturing engineering areas Considering national and internationalrequirements. Mission :- The mission of the programme is to develop graduate levelprofessional engineers possessing traditional as well as the state of art knowledgeand technical skill required for entrepreneurial opportunities and employmentnationally and globally III SemesterBAML203 Applied Mathematics III (3-1-0-4)Aim & Objective: I. To get familiar with mathematical object II. To get familiar with important mathematical models used in own engineering branchIII. Learn to manipulate the relevant mathematical objects with paper and pencil with mathematical softwareIV. Teaching of basic numeracy skills to all pupils V. The teaching of selected areas of mathematics such as calculus as an example of intellectual achievements of modern worldVI. The ability to conceptualize, inquire, reason and communicate mathematically and to use mathematics to formulate and solve the problems in daily life.`Unit I: [7 Hrs]Laplace Transforms.Laplace transform: definition and their simple properties, transform ofderivatives and integrals, evaluation of integrals by L.T. , inverse L.T. & itsproperties, convolution theorem, Laplace transforms of periodic function & unitstep function, applications of Laplace transforms to solve ordinary differentialequations & partial differential equations (one-dimensional wave & diffusionequations).Unit II: [6 Hrs]Z- TransformDefinition and properties, inversion z-transform, z-transforms pairs, relationwith Laplace transform, Application of Z-transform to solve different equationwith constant coefficients.Unit III: [6 Hrs]Fourier TransformDefinition, Fourier integral theorem, Fourier sine & cosine integrals, finiteFourier sine & cosine transforms, Parseval’s identity, convolution theorem,Unit IV: [9 Hrs]Complex Variables 6
  2. 2. Analytic function, Cauchy-Riemann conditions, conjugate functions,singularities, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula (statement only),Taylor’s and Lautent’s theorem (Statement only), Residue theorem, contourintegration, evaluation of real & complex integral by residue theorem.Conformal mapping, mapping by linear & inverse transformation.Unit V: [6 Hrs]Special function & series solutionSeries solution of differential equation by frobanious method, Bessel’sfunction Legendres polynomials, Recurrence relations, Rodrigue formula,generating function, orthogonal properties of Jn(x) & Pn (x).Unit VI: [8 Hrs]Fourier series & Partial differential equationsPeriodic function & their Fourier series expansion, Fourier series for even &function, change of interval, half range expansion.Partial differential equation: Partial differential equation of first order firstdegree i.e. Langrage’s form, Linear homogeneous partial differential equationof higher order with constant coefficient, method of separation of variables,Application to one dimensional heat &diffusion equation, two dimensionalHeat equations. (Only steady state).Text Books: 1. Grewal B.S. Higher Engineering Mathematics (Thirty eight Edition) Khanna Publishers; 2004. 2. Kreyszig, E: Advanced Engineering Mathematics (Eight Edition); John Wiley & Sons; 2000. 3. Jain, R.K. and Lyengar, S.R.K.; Advanced Engineering Mathematics; Narosa Publishers; 2003. 4. Text book of Engineering Mathematics: Bali Iyengar (Laxmi Prakashan) 5. Spiegel, M.R.: Advanced Mathematics for Engnrs and Scientists; McGraw-Hill Book Company; 2000. 6. Applied Mathematics Volume 1: J. Wartikar & P.N. Wartikar 7. Engineering Mathematics H.K. Dass, S.Chand, Publication, New Delhi Reference Books: 1. Mathematics for engineers: Chandrika Prasad 2. Advanced Mathematics for engineers: Chandrika Prasad 7
  3. 3. AUTONOMY Syllabus B. E. Mechanical Engineering III SemesterBMEL201 Machine Drawing(2-0-4-4)Aim & Objectives:- i. To study the basics of engineering drawing in mechanical engineering and applications ii. To provide the exposure to the orthographic and sectional views with dimensions iii. To study of a design data and hand book for selection of standard components iv) To understand the principles, techniques of assembly drawing and production drawing with geometrical and dimensionalUnit-IDrawing Standards ( 2 Hrs)BIS Specificition-Welding sybols,Machining Symbols, Surface FinishSymbols,Heat Treatment, Manufacturing InstuctionsUnit-IIInterpretation of Orthographic Projection ( 5 Hrs)Orthographic Projections of elements , Sectional-Multiple-Missing views,Profiles , Cross Sectons, Refernces, Alignment & Dimentioning.Unit-IIIStandard Practices and Study for following elements (Excludingdesign calculations) (4 Hrs)Reference to Hand Book for selection of Standard Components like – Bolts ,Washers, rivets, Welds, Keys and Keyways, Splins, Couplings,Cotterjoints,Fabrication Bolts.Unit-IV Fits and Tolerence (4Hrs)Fits and Tolerence allocation for mating parts- tolerance data sheet -tolerance table preparation - Geometric Tolerance and Allowance. Indicatingon the drawing of position, as per standard and as per prevalent in industryUnit-V Assembly Drawing ( 8 Hrs)Principles, Techniques, Types and Standards for Preparation of assembledviews given parts details - couplings: flange, universal - Bearing: footstep,Plummer block - Lathe tailstock - Stop valves, Screw Jack – etcUnit-VIProduction Drawing ( 5 Hrs) Elements of production drawing Information (Plates, Part list, Formats) on:tolerances, manufacturing methods, Production planning Sheet, Processplanning Sheet. 8
  4. 4. Practical1. Pencil Drawing of some standard components2. Pencil Drawing of standard assemblies with components.3. The students must be made to disassemble machines and take actual dimensions and prepare parts drawings, assembly drawings, exploded views and isometric views as record work. 9
  5. 5. Some Machines of Interest are: 1. Lathe Chuck 2. Gear Reducer 3. Gear Pump 4. Steam Stop Valve 5. Pneumatic Cylinder assembly 6. Pneumatic Valves 7. Centrifugal Pump Assembly 8. I.C. Engine Cylinder-Piston, Connection Rod And Crankshaft Assembly 9. Automobile Gear Box4. Computer printout of production drawing ad process sheet for two components5. Open ended experiments.Note: The examination must include: 1. Total Assembly Test 2. Identifying The Missing Element Of The AssemblyText Book:Production drawing by: Dr. K.L.Narayan, Dr. P. KannaihMachine drawing by : Ajeet Singh (TMH) : R.K.Dhawan : N.D.Bhatt : PSG DATA Book : CMTI DATA BookList of Practicals: 1. Sheet 1 : Dimensioning, Symbols(Welding, Machining & Surface Finish) 2. Sheet 2 : Orthographic Projections & Missing Views 3. Sheet 3 : Sectional Views 4. Sheet 4 : Sketching Of Machine Components 5. Sheet 5 : Keys, Cotters & Coupling Joint 6. Sheet 6 : Disassembling 7. Sheet 7 : Assembly(1 Big Assembly) 8. Sheet 8 : Production Drawing & Process Planning Sheets(On A4 Size Pages) 10
  6. 6. Autonomy Syllabus B. E. Mechanical Engineering III SemesterBMEL202 Fluid Power- I (3-1-0-4)Aim & Objectives :- i) To understand the basic fluid properties like density, specific gravity etc ii) To understand type of fluid flows, continuity equation, ventury meter, orifice meteriii) To understand the concept of boundary layer iv) To understand the momentum equation and its application to various fluid machineries v) To study various techniques of dimensional analysisUNIT- I [7hrs]Properties of Fluid:Density, Specific gravity, Specific Weight, Specific Volume Dynamic Viscosity,Kinematic Viscosity, Surface tension, Capillarity ,Vapour Pressure,Compressibility Fluid pressure, Pressure head, Pressure intensity Concept ofabsolute vacuum, gauge pressure, atmospheric Pressure, absolute pressure.Simple and differential manometers, Bourdon pressure gauge. Concept ofTotal pressure on immersed bodies, center of pressure.UNIT- II [7hrs]Fluid Flow:Types of fluid flows, Kinematics of fluid flow, Continuity equation, Eulers andBernoulli’s theorem and equation ,Venturimeter – Construction, principle ofworking, Coefficient of discharge, Derivation for discharge throughventurimeter. Orifice meter – Construction, Principle of working, hydrauliccoefficients, Derivation for discharge through Orifice meter Pitot tube –Construction, Principle of Working ,Current Meter, Turbine Meter,Elbowmeter.UNIT-III [8 hrs] Flow through Pipes:Laws of fluid friction (Laminar and turbulent), Darcy’s equation and Chezy’sequation for frictional losses. Minor losses in pipes Hydrauligradient and totalgradient line. Hydraulic power transmission through pipe, Energy Gradient;Pipe in series and parallel ; Branched pipes; three reservoir system; Syphon;Transmission of power through pipes; Water Hammer pressure due to suddenclosure of valve.UNIT-IV [8hrs]Boundary Layer Concepts:Nominal thickness, Displacement thickness and Momentum thickness .energyof the boundary layer; Boundary layer along a long thin plate and itscharacteristics; Laminar boundary layer; Turbulent boundary layer; Separationof boundary layer on plane and curved surfaces.Drag & Lift: Definition of drag and lift; Flow past plates, Cylinders and sphere;Drag on sphere, cylinder and flat plate. 11
  7. 7. UNIT-V [6hrs] Momentum principle and its application:Impulse- momentum principle, Calculation of force exerted on fixed plate,moving flat plates& curved vanes, Calculation force exerted on series ofmoving vanes, velocity diagrams & their analysis.UNIT-VI [6hrs]Dimensional Analysis:Fundamental dimensions, dimensional Homogeneity, Rayleighs method andBuckingham’s method. dimension less numbers and their significance.Hydraulic similitudes , Type of models, Problems related to Reynolds number& Froude number.Reference Books1. Lal Jagdish; Hydraulic machines, 6th Ed; Metropolitan Book Co.Pvt. Ltd.,19842. D.S. Kumar D.S.; Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines, 4th Ed; S. K.Kataria & Sons, 19923. Bansal R.K.; Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines, 7th Ed; LaxmiPublications, 20024. Massey B.S.; Mechanics of Fluids, 6th Ed; Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.,19895 R.K.Rajput, A Text book of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines,S.Chand Co.Ltd.,20026 Modi & Seth ,Fluid Mechanics & Fluid Machinery,Standard Book House2002. 12
  8. 8. Autonomy Syllabus B. E. Mechanical Engineering III SemesterBMEL203 Materials Engineering (3-0-2-4)Aim & Objective :- i) To introduce about various materials being used in manufacturing the metallic components ii) To introduce & correlate between science and Engineering of metallic materialsiii) To introduce various techniques for enhancing the inherent characteristics of materialsiv) To introduce with the quantitative measurement of material properties.Unit- I [8Hrs] Constitution of alloys and Phase Diagrams Introduction to Basic Terms (System, Phase, Variables, Components Etc.)related to equilibrium diagram. Alloys and solid solutions, compounds.Polymorphism, Hume Rothery rulesTime Temperature cooling curves,Construction of equilibrium diagrams using cooling curves, Binary phasediagrams Isomorphous systems, Partial miscibility, Metallic systemscompletely miscible in liquid state and completely immiscible in solid state.Lever rule, equilibrium cooling, Microstructures under equilibrium coolingconditions, Eutectic, Hyper and hypoeutectic alloys.Unit- II [10 Hrs]Ferrous materials -Plain Carbon Steel and Alloy Steelsa) Allotropy of Iron, Iron –Iron carbide equilibrium diagram, Invarient reactions,microstructure under equilibrium cooling condition, Critical temperature,definition of different phases, Estimation of carbon from microstructures,structure property relationship.b) Purpose of alloying, Different alloying elements and their effect onenhancing the different characteristics, Tool steels, Stainless steels, springsteels etc Designation of steels. AISI, ASTM, EN etc.Unit- III [5 Hrs]Cast IronsCast iron, White cast iron, Maurer Diagram, malleable cast iron, malleablizingcycle, Grey cast iron, Types of grey cast iron, Nodular cast iron., Alloy castiron. Microstructure, Properties and Application of each type of cast iron.Unit- IV [10 hrs]Heat Treatmenta) Introduction, importance of heat treatment, Basic heat treatments such asannealing, normalizing, hardening and tempering, procedure, allied phases -martensite, retained austenite etc related properties, and microstructure andtheir co-relation.TTT diagram, construction, heat treatment based on it .Industrial applicationsof different heat treatment processes Hardenability, Jominy end quench Test.b) Surface Treatments based on above such as Induction Hardening 13
  9. 9. Unit- V [5 Hrs]Non-Ferrous materials and new generation materialsBrief introduction to different nonferrous materials and study of the Aluminiumand its alloy, eg. Aluminium Silicon, related phase diagram, Na modificationCopper and its alloys, eg. Copper-zinc, Copper –tin, Dezincification, Seasonscracking. Introduction to nano materials, high temperature smart materials,properties and relevant applications,Unit- VI [4 hrs]Testing of materialsNeed of testing .Destructive and non destructive testing Mechanical testing,Tensile test, Impact test Izod and Charpy test Hardness measurement,Rockwell , Brinell hardness, micro hardness. Magnetic particle inspection. .Books: 1. Introduction to Physical Metallurgy by S. H. Avener McGraw Hill Publication,,2001Engineering Physical Metallurgy & Heat Treatment, Lakhtin Y.; 6th Ed; Mir Publishers, 1998. 2. Metallurgy for Engineers, Rollason E.C.; Edward Arnold publications, 1959. 3. Introduction to Engineering Metallurgy, Grewal B.K.;Practical(Any 10 experiments from the following list) 1) Preparation of the specimen for metallographic examination 2) Detailed study of the optical microscope for metallographic examination. 3) Phase identification of equilibrium cooled plain carbon steels a) Hypo eutectoid b) Eutectoid c) Hyper eutectoid 4) Micro structural examination of cast iron a) Grey b) Malleable c) Nodular 5) Property Structural co-relation for basic heat treatment processes for plain carbon steels a) Annealing b) Normalizing c) Hardening 6) Hardenability measurement using Jominy End Quench set up. 7) Hardness measurement and detailed study of Rockwell hardness testing machine. 8) Tensile Testing of Mild Steel using universal Testing machine 9) Impact testing of metallic material using charpy/izod test procedure 10)Phase identification nonferrous materials (Al-si, brass, Bronzes) 11)Study of the SEM used for advanced material characterization. 12)Study of the TEM used for nano material characterization. 13) Study of Non destructive methods for testing of materials. 14) Open ended experiments. 14
  10. 10. Autonomy Syllabus B. E. Mechanical Engineering III SemesterBMEL204 Kinematics of Machines (3-1-0-4)Aim & Objectives : i) To understand basic concepts of different mechanisms and its applications to various fields. ii) To develop competency in graphical and analytical methods in solving problems of quantitative kinematic analysis of mechanism. iii) To make students conversant with Concepts of cam mechanism. iv) To make the students conversant with basic concepts of gears, its applications and torque analysis. v) To develop analytical competency in designing efficiency of various gears. vi) To make the students conversant with static force analysis and synthesis of mechanism. vii) To give exposure to students the advances in synthesis of mechanism.Unit I [6 Hrs.]Basic concept of mechanism, link, kinematic pairs, kinematic chain,mechanism, machine, simple and compound chain, Degree of freedom,estimation of degree of freedom of mechanism by Grubbler’s criterion andother methods. Harding’s notations, classification of four bar chain [class – I& class – II], inversion of four–bar–chain, Kutchbach theory of multiple drives.Unit II [4Hrs.]Quantitative kinematic analysis of mechanism :- Displacement, Velocity andAcceleration analysis of planer mechanism by graphical method as well asanalytical method [complex number method / matrix method’], Corioliscomponent of acceleration, Instantaneous center method, Kennedy’stheorem.Unit III [6Hrs.]Concepts of cam mechanism, comparison of cam mechanism with linkages.Types of cams and followers and applications. Synthesis of cam for differenttypes of follower motion like constant velocity, parabolic, SHM, cycloidal etc. Pressure angle in cam, parameters affecting cam performance.Unit IV [10Hrs.]Concept of motion transmission by toothed wheels, comparison with camsand linkages, various tooth profiles, their advantages and limitations, geartooth terminologies, concept of conjugate action, law of conjugate action,kinematics of involutes gear tooth pairs during the contact duration,highlighting locus of the point of contact, arc of contact, numbers of pairs ofteeth in contact, path of approach and path of recess, interference,undercutting for involutes profile teeth.Unit V [10Hrs.]Kinematics of helical, bevel, spiral, worm gears, rack and pinion gears,kinematic analysis, and torque analysis of simple epicyclic and doubleepicyclic gear trains. 15
  11. 11. Unit VI [ 6Hrs.]Static force analysis : Free body diagram, condition of equilibrium. Analysis ofall links of given linkage, cam, gear mechanism and their combinationswithout friction. Introduction to coupler curves, Robert’s Law of cognatelinkages. Synthesis of four bar chain for gross motion, transmission angleoptimization. Frudenstein equation and its application for function generation.List of Tutorials1] Drawing sheets on Inversion of i. Class I & Class II four bar cham ii. Single slider crank chain iii. Double slider crank chain2] Problems on kinematic analysis i. Graphical method ii. Analytical method3] Cam constructions4] Cams with specified contour5] Analysis of epicyclic gear train with torque analysis6] Problems on static force analysis I] Linkages Ii] Cam Iii] Gear7] Problems on synthesis I] Graphical method Ii] Analytical methodRecommended Books 1. Theory of mechanisms and machines by Shigley J.E. 2. Theory of Mechanism and Machine by Ghosh and Malik 3. Mechanism and Machine Theory by J.S. Rao & Dukki Patti 4. Theory of Machine by RattanReference Books 1. Theory of Machine by Thoman Bevan CBS publication 2. Theory of Machines by Sandor and Erdman. 16
  12. 12. Autonomy Syllabus B. E. Mechanical Engineering III SemesterBMEL205 Engineering Thermodynamics (3-1-0-4)Aim & Objectives : i) Identify the unique vocabulary associated with thermodynamics through the precise definition of basic concepts to form a sound foundation for the development of the scientific principles to follow and to prevent possible misunderstandings. ii) Review the English and the metric SI unit systems that will be used throughout the text.iii) Explain the basic concepts of thermodynamics such as system, state, state postulate, equilibrium, process, cycle, energy, and various forms of energy. iv) Review concepts of temperature, temperature scales, pressure, and absolute and gage pressure. v) Introducing basics of ideal and real gases, steam formation, basic laws of thermodynamics, and their applications. vi) Introduce an intuitive systematic problem-solving technique that can be used as a model in solving engineering problems.Unit: - I [6 Hrs] Basic concepts and properties:Introduction, thermodynamic system, control volume, macroscopic andmicroscopic approaches, properties and state of a system, point and pathfunctions, thermodynamic equilibrium, processes and cycles, quasi-staticprocess, properties such as specific volume, pressure, temperature, zerothlaw of thermodynamics, temperature scales.Unit: - II [7 Hrs]Ideal gases and vapors:Difference between gases and vapors, ideal gases, gas laws, equation ofstate, gas constant, universal gas constant, work and heat, definition of work,thermodynamic work, work in compressible system, work-a path function,work done during various processes, p-v diagram, definition of heat, heattransfer a path function, comparison of heat and work, Phase change processof a pure substance: specific heats, sensible heat and latent heat, triple point,critical point, superheat and total heat of steam.Unit: - III [7 Hrs]First law of thermodynamics:Energy of systems, classification of energy, law of conservation of energy,first law applied to closed system undergoing a cycle, Joule experiment,energy-a property of system, internal energy: a function of temperature,enthalpy, specific heat at constant volume and constant pressure, change ininternal energy and heat transfer during various non-flow processes. First lawapplied to flow processes: steady-state steady flow process, mass balanceand energy balance in steady flow process, steady flow energy equation andits application to nozzles and diffusers, throttling valve, turbines andcompressors, pumps, heat exchangers etc. Work done and heat transferduring steady flow processes. 17
  13. 13. Unit: - IV [8 Hrs]Second law of thermodynamics:Limitations of first law, heat engines, refrigerators and heat pumps, Kelvin-plank and Clausius statements, their equivalence, reversible and irreversibleprocesses, factors that render processes irreversible, Carnot cycle, perpetualmotion machine.Thermodynamic temperature scale, reversed Carnot cycle,COP of heat pump and refrigeration. Entropy: Inequality of Clausius, entropy:a property of system, entropy change for ideal gases, entropy change of asystem during irreversible process, lost work, principle of increase of entropy.Unit: - V [7 Hrs]Thermodynamic processes and Power cycles:Thermodynamic processes: Constant volume, isothermal, adiabatic,polytropic processes, throttling and free expansion- p-v and T-s diagrams-work done, heat exchanged, change in internal energy. Availability andirreversibility:Gas power cycles: Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, semi-Diesel, Sterling cycles, theirefficiency and mean effective pressure calculations, Dual cycle, Ericssoncycle.Unit: - VI [7 Hrs]Vapors power cycles:Properties of steam, specific volume and entropy of steam, dryness fraction ofsteam, throttling of steam, determination of dryness fraction, steam tables andtheir use, T-s and H-s diagram, Rankine and modified Rankine cycle, workdone and efficiency, specific steam consumption, comparison of Rankine andCarnot cycle, representation on P-v, T-s and h-s diagram.Text Books Recommended:1. Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, 3rd Edition, Yunus Çengel and Michael, Boles, Tata McGraw Hill.2. Basic and Applied Thermodynamics, 4th Edition, Nag P. K., Tata McGraw- Hill.3. Engineering Thermodynamics, R.K.Rajput, Laxmi Publication.Reference Books:1. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics, 5th Edition, Richard E. Songtag, Claus Borgnakke and Gordon J. Van Wylen, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.2. Thermodynamics, 4th Edition, J.P. Holman, McGraw-Hill.3. Engineering Thermodynamics, 2nd Edition, Jones J.B. and Hawkins G.A., John Wyley and Sons.4. Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, Moran M.S. and Shapiro H.N., John Wyley and Sons, 1988.5. Thermodynamics, 5th Edition, K. Wark, McGraw-Hill. 18
  14. 14. Autonomy Syllabus B. E. Mechanical Engineering III SemesterBMEP206 Computer Aided Component Design (0-0-2-Audit course)Practical per Week : 2 Hrs. Credits: Audit CourseAim & Objective:- i) To develop competency in computer software for design and drafting of mechanical components. ii) To give hands on experience on CAD software. iii) To make students conversant with various CAD software and tools for drafting. iv) To develop basic knowledge and experience of engineering modeling concepts.A group of students (not more than 9 students in a group) should designmechanical components of some system or assembly, using any one of thedesign software. Students should submit brief report on the work. · Importance of Computer Aided Software. · Design any mechanical component by using available CAD software package. · Report submission. 19
  15. 15. Autonomy Syllabus B. E. Mechanical Engineering III Semester MBL 102 General Proficiency-II: German / French / Spanish languages. (1-0-2-3 Audit course) AIM: to introduce Foreign Languages course fro strengthening student profile OBJECTIVE: To learn Foreign Languages helps in improving their interpersonal skills with global standards. The students will have easier access to valuable literature; so that language will not be a barrier for them. They will be in a position to interact at international Fora. They may develop liking for foreign languages, which will be also helpful for them in shaping their carrier at International level. Topic Learning goals ActivitiesThe Alphabets and Pronunciations Worksheet and charts.accents. techniques.Number 1 to 20.Greetings & Salutations. Articles, Personal Day timing, Daily routines Pronoun. forms of respects, Vocabulary.Family and relations. Shapes and colors, Relations, day of week Possessive Pronouns, Gender, Negative Sentence.Weather and Seasons Climate, Fabrics & Group Activities, Paragraph Clothes, sizes, writing including, Names of interrogatives, Basic months, seasons, sky, verbs. stars.House & Household Describing Furniture, Householdthings neighborhood. Present articles, Colors TenseVisit to supermarket Learning the shopping Project on vocabulary of etiquettes, vocabulary of vegetables and fruits, food items, conversing Bakery products, Group with shopkeepers etc, Activity/ Role play. PluralsTiming, Telephonic How to ask time, Timing and clock (Hours &Conversions converse on telephone Minutes)Visit to city, Prominent Nature, Directions, Self introductions, Role-place and park Means of play, preparing charts transportations, Tenses contd….In Restaurant / Hotel Ordering eatables, Enhancing vocabulary ofcutlery Table manner. Verbs food Dishes,Visit to Doctor Health matter, illness. Worksheet, projects Commonly used verbs contd… 20
  16. 16. French / German / Vocabulary of clothes, Presentation by students,Spanish culture – Accessories, Cuisines, situation basedmonuments, delicacies, Beverages, Adjectives conversationswines visa vis Indianculture Diwali festival.Receiving Guests / Customs, Traditions, Activities, Role play,Entertaining people / Manners, welcome & Assignments.Good Bye’s Audieu’s 21
  17. 17. G. H. RAISONI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering IV SemesterBAML207 Applied Mathematics - IV (3-1-0-4)Aim & Objective : I. To get familiar with mathematical object II. To get familiar with important mathematical models used in own engineering branchIII. Learn to manipulate the relevant mathematical objects with paper and pencil with mathematical softwareIV. Teaching of basic numeracy skills to all pupils V. The teaching of selected areas of mathematics such as calculus as an example of intellectual achievements of modern worldVI. The ability to conceptualize, inquire, reason and communicate mathematically and to use mathematics to formulate and solve the problems in daily life.Unit I [7 Hrs]Numerical methodsError analysis, Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations by falseposition method, Newton-Raphson method, Newton-Raphson method formultiple roots, solution of system simultaneous linear equations, Gausselimination method, Gauss Jordan method, Gauss-Seidel method, Crout’smethod.Unit II [7 Hrs]Numerical methodEigen values & eigen vector by iteration method, jacobi method, Givensmethod & Householder’s method, solution of ordinary differential equations byTaylor’s series method, Runge-Kutta fourth order method, Modified Eulermethod, Milne’s predictor corrector method.Unit III [6 Hrs]Calculus of VariationFunctional, extremals of functions, Variational principle, Euler’s equation,constrained extremals, Hamilton principle & lagrange’s equation in solidmechanics.Unit IV [7 Hrs]Random VariablesRandom Variables, Distribution functions of continuous & discrete randomvariables, Joint distributions, mathematical expectations, moment, Momentgenerating function & characteristic function.Unit V [7 Hrs]Special probability distributionGeometric, Bionomial, Poisson’s, normal, Expoential, Uniform, Weibulprovability distribution. Random process, esemble average & temporalanerage, Auto correlation & rosscorrelation, stationary random process,power spectrum stationary process & ergodic random process. 22
  18. 18. Unit VI [8 Hrs]Introduction to optimization techniquesLinear programming, mathematical model formulation, Solutions by Graphical& Simplex method.Text Books: 1. Higher Engg. Mathematics: B.S. Grewal. 2. Theory & problems of probability & statistics: M.R. Spiegel (Mc grawhill) Schaum series. 3. Introductory methods of numerical analysis: S.S.SastriReference Books. 1. Advanced Engineering mathematics :Kreyszih 2. Mathematics for engineers: Chandrika Prasad 3. Advanced mathematics for engineers: Chandrika Prasad 4. Applied mathematics for engineering & Physics: L.A. Pipes & Harvile. 5. Calculus of Variations : Forrey 23
  19. 19. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering IV SemesterBMEL 207 Mechanics of Materials (3-1-0-4)Aim & Objective : i) To teach the fundamentals of simple stresses and strains. ii) II. To enhance skills in Principal stresses and strains. iii) To imbibe concept of shear force and bending moment with practical exposure and applications. iv) To facilitate the concept of bending and its theoretical analysis. v) To learn torsion of shaft vi) To study strain energy and impact loading conditions for various applications. vii) To learn and apply statistical methods in determining various factors.Unit I [8 Hrs.]Concept of simple stresses and strains: Introduction, stress, strain, types ofstresses, stress – strain diagram for brittle and ductile material, elastic limit,Hooks law, modulus of elasticity. Modulus of rigidity, factor of safety, analysisof tapered rod, analysis of composite section, thermal stress and strain,thermal stresses with heat flow in cylinders and plates, Hertz’s contactstresses Longitudinal strain and stress, lateral stresses and strains, Poisson’sration, volumetric stresses and strain with uni-axial, bi-axial and tri-axialloading, bulk modulus, relation between Young’s modulus and modulus orrigidity, Poisson’s ratio and bulk modulus.Principal stresses and strains :- Definition of principal planes and principalstresses, analytical method of determining stresses on oblique section whenmember is subjected to direct stresses in one plan in mutually perpendiculartwo planes, when member is subjected to shear stress and direct stresses intwo mutually perpendicular planes, Mohr’s circle for representation ofstresses. Derivation of maximum and minimum principal stresses andmaximum shear stresses when the member is subjected to different types ofstresses simultaneously (i.e. combined stress)Unit II [8 Hrs.]Shear force and bending moment: Types of beam (cantilever beam, simplysupported beam, overhung beam etc.). Types of loads (Concentrated andUDL), shear force and bending moment diagrams for different types of beamssubjected to different types of loads, sign conventions for bending momentand shear force, shear force and bending moment diagrams for beamssubjected to couple, Relation between load, shear force and bending moment.Stresses in beams: Pure bending, theory of simple bending with assumptionsand expressions for bending stress, derivation of bending equation, bendingstresses in symmetrical sections, section modulus for various shapes of beamsections. Shear stresses in beams: Concept, derivation of share stressdistribution formula, shear stress distribution diagram for commonsymmetrical sections, maximum and average shear stress.Unit III [7 Hrs.]Deflection of beams: Derivation of differential equation of elastic curve withthe assumptions made in it. Deflection and slope of cantilever, simply 24
  20. 20. supported, overhung beams subjected to concentrated load UDL, Relationbetween slope, deflection and radius curvature Macaulay’s method, areamoment method to determine deflection of beam.Unit IV [8 Hrs.]Torsion of circular shafts: Derivation of torsion equation with the assumptionsmade int. Torsion shear stress induced in the shaft, when it is subjected totorque. Strength and rigidity criteria. For design of shaft. Torque transmittedby solid and hollow circular shaft. Derivation of maximum, minimum principalstresses and maximum shear stress induced in shaft when it is subjected tobending moment, torque and axial load.Column and Struts: Failure of long and short column, slenderness ration,assumptions made in Euler’s column theory, end conditions for column.Expression for crippling load for various end conditions if column. Effectivelength of column, limitations of Euler’s formula, Rankine formula, Johnson’sparabolic formula.Unit V [5 Hrs.]Strain energy and impact loading: Definition of strain energy stored in a bodywhen it is subjected to gradually applied load, suddenly applied loads andimpact loads. Strain energy stored in bending and torsion. Castingliano’stheorem.Unit VI [6Hrs.]Factor of safety, Statistical methods in determining factor of safety. Theoriesof failure, modes of failure, compound stresses, eccentric axial loading,variable stresses in machine parts, stress concentration and stress raisers,notch sensitivity, stress concentration factor, methods for reducing stressconcentration. Goodmans criteria, Soderberg criteria, Gerber’s criteria,fatigue design for finite and infinite life of the parts subjected to variable loads.Tutorials 1. Two problems on principle stresses 2. Two problems on Mohr’s circle 3. Two problems on Thermal stresses with heat flow 4. Three problems on S.F. & B.M. diagrams 5. Two problems on Stresses in beam bending 6. Two problems on shear stresses 7. Two Problems on Macaulay’s methods 8. Two problems on area moment method 9. Two problems on shafts 10. Two problems on columns and struts 11. Two problems on compound loading 12. Two problems on fatigue and variable loads.Books Recommended 1. Strength of Materials – Timoshenko 2. Strength of Materials by – F.L. Singer 3. Machine Design – Shigley 4. Machine Design – Black and Adams 5. Design Data for Machine elements – B.D. Shiwalkar 25
  21. 21. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering IV SemesterBMEL208 Manufacturing Process I (3-0-2-4) i. To develop an insight into metal cutting principles ii. to provide details of the construction of conventional metal cutting machine tools iii. To provide details of manufacturing operations for gears and super finishing processes iv. To enable drawing detail specifications of machine tool for drilling, grinding, milling etc. v. To select machining parameters for optimum utilization of resources and time for high productivity and dimensional accuracyUnit I [5Hrs.]Introduction to Machining Parameters : Introduction to machining, toolmaterials and their properties nomenclature and tools geometry of single pointcutting tool, classification, HSS, carbide tool, coated tools, diamond coatedtool, coolant materials.Unit II [8 Hrs.]Lathe : Introduction, type, construction of simple lathe, mechanism andattachments for various operations, machine specifications, basis for selectionof cutting speed, feed and depth of cut, time estimation for turning operationssuch as facing, step turning, taper turning, threading, knurling.Unit III [8 Hrs.]Milling: Introduction, specifications, types, column and knee type millingmachine, fixed bed type milling machines, production milling machines,special purpose milling machines such as thread milling machines, profilemilling machine, Gear Milling / Hobbing machines. Mechanisms andAttachments for Milling. Cutting parameters, Types of milling operations,Types of milling cutters, Tool geometry and their specifications.Unit IV [8 Hrs.]Grinding operations, grinding wheel, specifications and selection, cylindricaland centreless grinding operation, surface grinding, tool and cutter grinding,time estimation for grinding operations.Unit V [7 Hrs.]Drilling: Introduction, tools for drilling, classification of drills, twist drills, drillsize and specifications, carbide tipped drills, type of drilling machines –portable drilling machine, bench drilling machine, upright drilling machine,radial drilling machine, universal drilling machine, multi-spindle drillingmachine, Drilling machines operations, time estimation for drilling.Reaming: Introduction, description of reamers, type of reaming operations.Boring: Introduction, types of boring machine, horizontal boring machine,vertical boring machine, jig boring machine, micro boring, boring operations.Unit V I [ 6Hrs.] 26
  22. 22. Super finishing process: Honing, Lapping, polishing, buffing, metal spraying,galvanizing and electroplating. Process parameters and attainable grades ofsurface finish, surface roughness measurement.Broaching: Introduction, type of broaches, nomenclature of broaches and typeof broaching machines. Introduction to advance machining processes.Books Recommended 1. Manufacturing Technology (Metal Cutting and Machine Tools) – P.N. Rao 2. Manufacturing science – Ghosh and Malik 3. Workshop Technology (Volume – II) – By Hajra ChoudharyReference Books 1. Manufacturing Engineering and Technology – S. Kalpakjian and SR Schmid 2. Technology of machine Tools – Krar and Oswald 3. Manufacturing Processes – M Begman 4. Processes and Materials of Manufacture – R. Lindberg 5. Production Technology – HMT 6. Workshop Technology (Volume I & II) – By BawaPractical 1. Study of single point cutting tool 2. Tools for left hand and right hand turning 3. Tools for external and internal turning (Boring) 4. Study of cutting tool manual (any one) 5. Study of mechanisms in Lathe 6. Study of mechanism in drilling 7. Study of grinding operations 8. Study of mechanism in milling 9. Practical on turning involving facing, step turning, taper turning, boring, boring with internal steps and taper, drilling (on lathe), internal and external threading 10. Practical on grinding 11. Practical on Milling machine – Gear Milling 12. Practical on use of drilling machines. 13. Open ended Practicals.Tutorials 1. Geometry and nomenclature of various tools 2. Time estimation for lathe, shaper and planer operations 3. Time estimation for milling, drilling and grinding operations 4. Study of cutting parameters and their effect on machining 5. Selection of process for machine components 27
  23. 23. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering IV SemesterBMEL 301 Dynamics of Machines (3-0-2-4) i) To make the students conversant with force analysis ii) To understand gyroscopic principle and its effects in various applications. iii) To develop competency in graphical and analytical methods in solving problems in rotating and reciprocating machineries. iv) To make the students conversant with basic concepts of vibrations, it’s effects and measurementUnit I [6 Hrs]Static Force and Dynamic Force AnalysisStatic force Analysis in linkages, Superposition Method, FBD, Equilibrium offour force members, Principal of Virtual Work, D’Alembert’s Principal,Dynamic Analysis of Four Link Mechanism, Engine Force Analysis,Dynamically Equivalent System. Computer aided mechanism designUnit II [8 Hrs]Turning Moment Diagram, Flywheel and GyroscopeTurning moment Vs crank angle diagram for single – cylinder and multiple –cylinder engines, punching machines etc. Flywheel selection.Simple precession and gyroscopic couple, Gyroscopic effect on airplane, ship,vehicles.Unit III [8 Hrs]Balancing of Rotary Masses and GovernorsStatic and Dynamic balancing of Rotary masses, Balancing of several massesrotating in different planes. Centrifugal and Inertia Governors.Unit IV [8 Hrs]Balancing of Reciprocating massesPartial balancing of locomotive, balancing of primary and secondary forces ofMulticylinder In-Line Engine. Crankshaft and associated components, gasforces and inertia forces on crankshaft.Unit V . [8 Hrs]Longitudinal and Transverse VibrationFree Vibration, Critical or whirling speed of shaft, free and forced dampedvibration, vibration isolation and transmissibility, Vibration MeasurementtechniquesUnit VI [4 Hrs]Torsional VibrationFree Torsional Vibration, mode shape, Single, Two and Three rotor system,Torsionally equivalent shaft, geared systemBooks and Reference 1. Theory of mechanisms and machines by Shigley J.E. 28
  24. 24. 2. Theory of machines by R.S.Khurmi3. Theory of Machine by S.S Rattan4. Theory of Mechanism and Machine by Ghosh and Malik5. Mechanism and Machine Theory by J.S. Rao & Dukki Patti6. Theory of Machine by Thoman Bevan7. Theory of Machines by Sandor and Erdman. 29
  25. 25. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering IV SemesterBMEL302 Fluid Power - II (4-0-2-5)Aim & Objective : i) To understand the momentum principle and its application to various fluid machineries ii) To understand the working principles of centrifugal pumps & study the performance characteristiciii) To understand the basic concepts and applications of CFDUnit I [8Hrs.]Hydraulic TurbinesPrime Movers: - Theory of impulse and reaction machines. Pelton, Francisand Kaplan turbines, their construction, analysis, characteristics andgoverning.Impulse Turbines : Principle, constructional features, Installation of peltonturbine, Design parameters, Performance characteristics and their analysisMain components and constructional features of Kaplan and Francis turbines,Cavitations in water turbines, Governing mechanism, safety devices,Performance characteristics and their analysis, specific speed.Unit II [8 Hrs.]Hydraulic PumpsCentrifugal Pumps: Principles of operation, Classification, basic theory, types,construction, installation, characteristics. and their analysis, Cavitations inpumps,Reciprocating Pumps : Basic theory, types, construction, installation andcharacteristics. Classification, working principle, indicator diagram, Airvessels.Unit III [8Hrs]PumpsPositive displacement Pumps:Rotary Pumps: - Basic theory, types, construction and variable deliverypumps.Rotary Displacement Pumps: Introduction to gear pumps, sliding vane pumps,Screw pumps.Axial flow pump: - Basic theory, construction, operation, and characteristicsUnit IV [7 Hrs]Compressible FlowPerfect gas relationship, speed of sound wave, mach number, Isothermal andisotropic flows, shock waves, fanno and Rayliegh lines.Unit V [8 hrs] 30
  26. 26. Hydrostatic and Hydrokinetic systemsHydrostatic systems, their function, components and application such asHydraulic press, lift, crane and fluid drive for machine tools. Intensifier andaccumulator.Hydrokinetic systems: Fluid couplings and torque converter.Unit VI [7hrs]Experimental Testing and ModellingModel Testing: application to hydraulic turbines and hydrodynamic pumps.Water Lifting devices, incomplete similarities, Wind tunnel testing, flow withfree surfaces. Books Recommended 1. Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Applications – Daugherty and Fanzine. 2. Hydraulic Machines – Theory and Design – V.P. Vasandani 3. Fluid Mechanics – A.K. Jain 4. Fluid mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering – D.S. Kumar 5. Fluid Mechanics and Machines – R.K. Bansal 6. Theory of Machines - .AT. Sayers 7. Industrial Hydraulics – J.J. Pippenger 8. Pneumatics – Gadre 9. Hydraulic Machines – Jagdish Lal. 10. Hydraulics and Pneumatics – H.L. Stewart 11. Fluid Mechanics & Fluid Machinery, Standard Book House, Modi & Seth Pneumatic Systems Principles and Maintenance, Tata McGraw-Hill, N.Delhi, S.R. Majumdar. 12. Oil Hydraulic Systems and Maintenance, Tata McGraw-Hill, N.Delhi,. S.R. Majumdar, 13. Hydraulics and Pneumatics, Oxford, UK, Andrew Parr, Butterworth and Heinemann,Tutorials 1. Selection of Turbines 2. Design of Centrifugal Pumps 3. Design of Francis Turbine 4. Design of Reciprocating Pumps 5. Governing of Turbines 6. Study of Hydro – Kinetic Systems.Practical (Minimum ten to be performed: six experiments and four study) 1. To verify Bernoulli’s theorem 2. To find the value of coefficient of a given venturi meter fitted in a pipe. 3. To find the value of coefficient of discharge for a given of orifice meter. 4. Performance characteristics of Pelton Wheel. 5. Performance characteristics of Francis Turbine 6. Performance characteristics of Kaplan Turbine 7. Performance characteristics of Reciprocating Pump. 31
  27. 27. 8. Performance characteristics of Variable speed pumps9. Performance characteristics of Axial flow pump10. Study experiment on Fluidic devices11. Study experiment on CFD12. Performance of Hydraulic Ram13. Visit to Hydro Electric Power Plant.14. Open ended Practicals. 32
  28. 28. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering IV SemesterBMEP303 Industrial Safety Practices & Work Culture (0-0-2-Audit course)Aim & Objective :- i. To enable understanding of the importance of industrial safety ii. To develop personal habits and work culture aimed at minimizing hazards accidents and wastePractical per Week : 2 Hrs. Credits: Audit CourseIt is expected to visit the nearby industry and study the industrial safetypractices and work culture. Students are required to submit the brief report onthe safety practices and work culture in the industry. 33
  29. 29. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering IV SemesterMBL 103: General Proficiency- III: Soft Skills (1-0-2-3 Audit course)AIM: To enhance the inherent qualities of the students and provide a platformto show students hidden talents.OBJECTIVE: To identify one’s special capabilities in activities like sports,drama, singing etc. Through these activities the students will grow in abroader sense. After day’s hard work, one must have a hobby, to refresh.Looking at the above aspect hobby club is formed. 34
  30. 30. G.H.RAISONI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering V SemesterBMEL 304 Machine Design I (3-1-0-4)Aim & Objective : i) To make students conversant with fundamental aspect of design. ii) To develop competency in designing various components of various joints. iii) To develop competency in designing a system involving the various component, as a design project in practical. iv) To develop statistical skills in designing various drives. v) To make students conversant with tools for designing pressure vessel. vi) To give exposure of designing of transmission shafts.UNIT I : (5Hrs.) Definition of design, types of design, design process, need, defining theproblem, feasibility, preliminary, design alternatives, final design selection,preliminary and final plans & drawings. Failure criterion and manufacturing considerations in design, basis ofgood design, failure of machine parts, deformations, wear, corrosion,manufacturing methods, machining tolerance, surface finish, cost designconsideration in casting and forging. Mechanical Properties, applications and designations as per ISI andtheir equivalence with other standards of engineering materials, selection ofmaterials, temperature effects on properties of materials such as cast Iron,plane carbon steel, allloy steels, aluminum and copper alloys, cast steel,plastics, polymers and composites and their applications. Introduction tofracture mechanics: modes of fracture, stress intensity factors, crackpropagation. Paris law, creep phenomenon, design for creep.UNIT II : (8Hrs.) Design of Cotter and Knuckle Joint, shrink and press fit joints. Riveted Joint : Riveted joint for boilers, structural works (UniformStrength Joint), and eccentric loaded riveted Joint. Welded Joint : Design of single transverse, double transverse, parallelfillet, combination fillet butt joint, eccentrically loaded welded joints. Bolted Joint ; Design of bolted fasteners, bolts of uniform strength,bolted joints under eccentric loading design of lever : hand lever, foot lever,and bell crank lever.UNIT III : (6Hrs.) Design of Power Screw: Derivation of expression for deflection and shear stress in helicalspring, Design of helical spring, design of leaf spring.UNIT IV : (8Hrs.) 35
  31. 31. Kinematics of Friction Drives such as brakes, clutches, design offriction clutch, single plate, multiple plate, cone, centrifugal clutch, design ofbrake, shoe brake, band brake, internal expanding brake.UNIT V: (7 Hrs.) Classification of thin and thick cylindrical pressure vessel, stresses inthin and thick cylindrical pressure vessels. ASME code of pressure vessel andpiping. When It Is subjected to internal pressure, Expression forcircumferential and longitudinal stresses, design of pressure vessel, headsand cover Plate.UNIT VI: (8Hrs.) Design of transmission shafts on the basis of strength, rigidity andcritical speed, ASME code for shaft design, design of stepped shaft axlesplined shaft, keys.TEXT BOOKS : 1. Martin J.Siegel, Vladimir L.Maleev, James Busse Hartman,”Mechanical Design of Machine”, International Textbook Co,1965. 2. P.H. Black ,”Machine Design”, McGraw-Hill,1955. 3. J.E.Shigley,Charles R.Mischke,Richard G.Budynas,”Mechanical Engg. Design”, McGraw-Hill,2003. 4. V.B. Bhandari ,”Design of Machine Elements “,Tata McGraw-Hill Education,2008. 5.R.S. Khurmi and J.K.Gupta ,“A Textbook of Machine Design”,Eurasia Publishing House,2005. 6.B.D. Shiwalkar ,”Design Data book “,Benett & Co Publishing Division, 2nd edition,2005. 36
  32. 32. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering V Semester BMEL 209 Computer Applications in Mechanical Engineering(3-0-2-4)Aim & Objective :- i) To teach the fundamentals of algorithms. ii) To develop theoretical foundations and appropriate use of data structures. iii) To enhance skills in statistical techniques in DBMS and to Understand data base management and their models. iv) To provide hands on experience on various models of data and their operators. v) To inculcate knowledge of constraints and design.Unit I (8 Hrs)Introduction to algorithm, expressing algorithm, narrative description,flowchart, an algorithm language. data, data types and primitive operations.variables and expressions from algorithm to program , decision structures,sub algorithms.Unit II (7 Hrs)Composite data structures, arrays and vector sorting algorithms. 1-2dimensions.Unit III (7 Hrs)Linear data structures, linked list, stacks, queues, recursion non-linear datastructures, trees, general trees and their searching techniquesUNIT IV (8 Hrs) An introduction to DBMS: data and database systems concepts andmeaning. disadvantages of file systems advantages of database approachdisadvantages of using DBMS, database languages, database administrator& user, system structure. computer network networking, topologies, protocols,network model, internet & E-commerce B – B.UNIT V (7 Hrs) Entity relationship model entities and entity sets, relationship andrelationship sets, mapping constraints, keys, entity relationship diagram,reducing E-R diagrams to table, generalization, aggregation, design of an E-Rdatabase scheme. relational database & SQl: structure of relational database,relational algebra. basic structure of SQL, set operations, aggregate,functions, nested sub queries, derives relations 37
  33. 33. UNIT VI (8 Hrs) Integrity constraints & relational database design : domain constraints,referential integrity, functional dependencies, assertions, triggers, pitfalls, inrelational database, normalization using functional dependencies, using multi-valued dependencies, domain key normal form. indexing and hashingbasic concepts , indexing B+ tree index files, B – tree , index files, statichashingRecommended Books1 J.P. Tremblay and R.B. Bunt, “Introduction to Computer Science: AnAlgorithmic Approach”McGraw-Hill Pub Company,1988.2.Ellis Horowitz,Sartaj Sahni,”Fundamentals of Da ta Structures”,W HFreeman & Co,1983.3.A.V. Aho, J E Hopcioftand and J.D. Ullman,”Data Structures andAlgorithm”,Pearson Education,1983.4. Niklaus Wirth ,”Algorithms and Data Structures” ,Prentice Hall,1985.5. C.J. Date “An introduction to Data Base System”,Addison Wesley,8edition,2003.6. A Silberschatz H F Korth, A Sudarshan ,”Data Base SystemConcept”,McGraw-Hill,2010.7. AndrewsTannmban,” Computer Network”,Prentice Hall,2003.Reference Books1. R. L. Kruse, Bruce P.Leung and Clovis L. Tondo“Data Structures and Program Design in C “,Prentice Hall,2nd edition,1996.2. James R.Rambaug,Michael R.Blaha,” Object oriented Modeling & Design”,Prentice Hall,1st edition,1990.3. J.P.Tremblay and P.G.Sonerson “An Introduction to Data Structures withapplications”,McGraw-Hill,1984.TutorialsProgramming in C/C++/SQL or any other suitable package based on abovesyllabus.Practical 1. Algorithm and Program Development Programs are expected in any suitable language preferably C. 2. Programming using simple numerical computation, simple, compound & nested if-else statements 3. Programming using simple & nested looping (for, while loops) 4. Programming using Arrays 5. Programming using Sorting Techniques, Searching Techniques 38
  34. 34. 6. Use of SQL for creation and modification of table.7. Use of SQL for creation of table with constraints.8. Use of SQL for insertion of data in the table.9. Use of SQL or single table retrieval.10. Use of SQL having & group by clause.11. Use of SQL joins and correlations.12. Use of SQL set functions, concatenation.13. Use of SQL nested queries.14. Study of indexing and hashing.15. Study of various network topologies. 39
  35. 35. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering V Semester BMEL 305 Mechanical Measurements (4-0-2-5) Aim & Objective: i) To understand the basic concept of measurement system and functional elements of measurement system ii) To understand the performance characteristics of measuring instruments iii) To understand various measuring instruments for strain measurement, pressure measurements,iv) To understand the data acquisition system and it’s application UNIT I (9 Hrs) 1. Generalized Measurement system: Significance of measurement, generalized systems, application of measuring instruments, Types of measuring instruments. 2. General configuration and functional elements of measuring instruments, types of inputs, various methods of correction for interfering and modifying inputs. UNIT II (8 Hrs) General performance Characteristics: - 1. Static characteristics, different types of errors, combination of component errors in overall systems. 2. Dynamic characteristics: General mathematical model of zero order, first order and second order instruments, response of first and second order instruments to following inputs step, ramp, impulse and frequency. UNIT III (8 Hrs) 1. Strain Measurement Types of strain gauges, strain gauge circuits, calibration, Temperature compensation, use of strain gauges on rotating shafts, selection and installation of strain gauges. 2. Pressure Measurements:- Basic methods of pressure measurement, dead weight gauges and manometers, elastic transducers and force balance transducers ,strain gauge pressure cell, High pressure measurement Bridgeman type, low pressure Measurement - Mcleod, Krudsen, ionization, Thermal conductivity gauges. UNIT IV (7 hrs) 1. Force, torque and shaft power measurement– Force measurement using transducer (pneumatic and hydraulic load cells, strain gauge load cells, piezoelectric load 40
  36. 36. cells), torque measurement on rotating shaft, electrical type dynamometer 2. Motion measurements Measurements of displacement, velocity & accelerate strain gauges, LVDT, capacitive, photoelectric & Inductive transducers, encoder. 3. Flow Measurements: Construction- Venturi, orifice, Dall tube, rotameter, Pressure probes- Pitot static tube, yaw tube anemometer, positive displacement flow meters, turbine meter, electro-magnetic flow meter.UNIT V (8 Hrs) 1. Temperature measurement Measurement of temperature using Liquid in glass thermometer, pressure thermometers, thermocouples, resistance thermometers, bimetallic thermometers, thermistors, radiation and optical pyrometer.UNIT VI (8 Hrs)1. Speed Measurements: - Various mechanical type tachometers, electrical type tachometers, stroboscope etc. 2. Other Measurements: Vibration Measurements, Humidity measurement, liquid level Measurements.LIST PRACTICALS: - At least of eight practical from the following list.1. Measurement of strain using strain gauges.2. Calibration of pressure gauge with pressure gauge tester.3. Measurement of linear displacement by LDR and inductive pick-up transducers.4. Performance of capacitance transducer as an angular displacement measuring device.5. Performance of inductive Transducers.6. Speed measurement by magnetic pick up.7. Pressure measurement by strains gauge type transducer.8. Vacuum measurement using McLeod gauge.9 Temperature measurement. Using RTD, ThermistorsREFERENCES:-1. Measurement Systems:- By Erenest O.Doebeling -Mc Graw Hill.2. Mechanical Measurements:- By T.G.Beckwith & N.L.Bulk - Addison Werlly.3. Experimental Methods for Engineers:- By J.P.Holman - Mc Graw Hill.4. Instrumental Measurement & Analysis : By Nakra Choudhari Tata Mc Graw Hill.5. Instrumentation : Ramgan: Sharma & Mani - Tata Mc Graw Hill.6. Mechanical Measurement & Control : By D.S.Kumar.7. Engineeing Measurement : By Collette & Hope ELBS. 41
  37. 37. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering V SemesterBMEL 306 Manufacturing Process II (3-0-2-4)Aim & Objective :- i. To stress importance and use of basic properties for bulk material shaping ii. To provide basic principles of metal flow and design considerations for manufacturing sand casting iii. To provide details of different joining processes for large scale manufacturing iv. To enable understanding basic concept and principles of rolling forging and sheet metal working v. To use state of the art newer technologies including powder metallurgy as well as plastic as widely accepted new age material for mass productionUnit I (8 Hrs.)Casting process: introduction, pattern making: types, materials used, patternmaking allowances, colour codes core making: - types, core material and itsproperties. recent development in pattern makingMolding: types of sand moulds, molding sand composition, molding sandproperties, molding machines.Unit II (8 Hrs.)Gating design – elements of gating systems, pouring time, riser designmelting furnaces – types, electric furnace, induction furnace, Cupola –construction and operation, cleaning, inspection and casting defects. recenttrends in melting.Foundry mechanism : special casting processes such as investment casting,centrifugal casting, shell molding, co molding, slush casting, die casting.automation in foundry operations.Unit III (7 Hrs.)Forming processes, advantages and drawbacks. rolling, forging, extrusion ,wire drawing, embossing. etcUnit IV (6 Hrs.)Powder metallurgy : powder manufacture and conditioning, production ofsintered structural components. self lubricating bearing. cemented carbides,ceramics, sintered carbide cutting tools.Composite materials : classification, different types of composite materialsand its applications.Unit V (7 Hrs.)Joining processes : introduction to welding, soldering, brazing processes.types of welding. arc welding and gas welding processes, defects andinspection of welding joints, electrodes, weldability of metals, weldingequipments of fixtures.Unit VI (6 Hrs.)Processing of plastics, thermoplastic, thermosetting plastics, generalproperties and applications of thermosetting and thermo plastics. 42
  38. 38. general plastic processes: extrusion, injection moulding, compressionmoulding, transfer moulding blow moulding, calendaring,List of Practicals 1. Practical on Molding 2. Simulation Practical on Casting –I 3. Simulation Practical on Casting –II 4. Study of Mechanization in Foundry 5. Study in Sintering operation 6. Practical on Welding, Soldering & Brazing Processes 7. Practical on Arc Welding 8. Practical on Gas Welding Recommended Books: 1. P.N. Rao ,“Manufacturing Technology (foundry Forming and Welding),TMH education,2006. 2. Ghosh and Malik ,“Manufacturing Science “,Affiliated East-West Press Private Limited,1996 3. Hajra Choudhary ,”Workshop Technology (Volume – I) “,Media Promoters and Publishers,2007. 4. S. Kalpakjain and SR Schmid ,”Manufacturing Engineering and Technology”,Wesley Publication,1995. Reference Books 1. W.A.J Chapman,” Workshop Technology Vol I-III”, Oxford and IBH Publishing Company Private Limited,1988. 2. Manufacturing Processes – M Begman 3. R Lindberg ,”Processes and Materials of Manufacture”,CBS Publication and Distributors,2002. 4. Bawa H.S ,”Workshop Technology (Volume I & II) “,Tata McGraw Hill,1995. 5. B.S. Raghuvanshi ,”Workshop Technology Vol. I & II “,Dhanpat Rai Publications,2009. 43
  39. 39. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering V SemesterBMEL-210 Energy Conversion I (3-1-0-4)Aim & Objective :- i) To apply fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics to steam turbines, steam nozzles, boilers and condensers ii) To learn the concept of steam generationiii) To study the performance of cooling towers , coal handling systemsUNIT I (8 hrs)Principles of Steam Generation, Classification Of Steam Generators, FireTube And Water Tube Steam Generators, High Pressure Steam Generators.Boiler Mountings and Accessories.UNIT II (6 hrs)Draught And Its Classification, Chimney Height, Chimney Diamter , Efficiency,condition For Maximum Discharge. Performance Of Steam Generators.Evaporation Capacity, Equivalent Evaporation, Boiler Efficiency.UNIT III (7 hrs)Fluidized Bed Boilers: Bubbling Fluidized Bed Boilers, Circulating FluidizedBed Boilers (Elementary Treatment Expected).Fuels for Steam Generators, Gradaton & Analysis, of Coal, Coal HandlingSystems, Ash Collection and Handling Systems, Flue Gas Analysis, FeedWater Supply Systems.UNIT IV (8 hrs)Steam Nozzles: Adiabatic Expansion In Nozzles, Maximum Discharge, CriticalPressure Ratio And Effects Of Friction, Calculation Of Throat And Exit Areas,Supersaturated Flow, Wilson Line. Steam Turbines :Principles OfWorking Of Steam Turbines, Classification Of Steam Turbines, Comparison ofImpulse And Reaction Turbines, Compounding Of Steam Turbines.UNIT V (7 hrs)Energy Losses In Steam Turbines, Flow Of Steam Through Turbine Blades,Ideal And Actual Reheat Factors, Velocity Diagrams, Graphical And AnalyticalMethods, Work Done, Thrust And Power, Dimensions And Proportioning Ofthe Blades , Steam Turbine Efficiencies, Condition For Maximum Efficiencies,Reheat And Regenerative Cycles, Governing Of Steam TurbinesUNIT VI (6 hrs)Introduction to Steam Engine. Steam Condensers: Types Of Condensers,Classification Of Condensers, And Quantity Of Cooling Water Required,Design Calculations For Surface Condensers, Daltons Law Of Pressures, 44
  40. 40. Sources Of Air Leakages And Air Removal, Air Ejectors. Cooling Towers: WetCooling, Dry Cooling Towers Cooling Ponds.Reference Books 1. Thermal Engineering by P.L. Ballaney. 2. Thermal Engineering by Mathur & Mehta. 3. Thermal Engineering by Vasaudani & Kumar 4. Power Plant Engineering by V.M. Do mkundwar 45
  41. 41. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering V SemesterBMEP-307 Industrial Case Study (0-0-2-2)Aim & Objective : i. To enable developing abilities of team work to find solution to real life problem in industry ii. To develop ability of systematically collecting data and it’s analysis through brain storming iii. To develop ability of decision making based on systematic qualitative and quantitative data analysis techniques iv. To provide exposure to real life engineering problems and solve them in holistic manner Practical per Week : 2 Hrs. Industrial case study should be based on the study of some specific case/issue/problem related to any industrial/business establishment. Data should be collected from industry with the objective of studying some specific case/issue/problem. The collected data should be analyzed using one or more theories studied in the curriculum. The results should be worked out and conclusions should be drawn. A group of maximum nine students should be formed for one case study. A report should be submitted. The report should consist of the problem/ issue identified methodology of data collection, data collected, and method of analysis, result and conclusion. Minimum two presentations should be made. 46
  42. 42. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering V SemesterMBL 104: General Proficiency IV: Technical Report writing (2-0-0-2) 47
  43. 43. G.H.RAISONI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering VI Semester ELECTIVE I BMEL307 POWER PLANT ENGINEERING (3-0-0-3) Aim & Objective : i) To study the economics of power generation ii) To study various methods of power generationiii) To study performance of various power plants UNIT I [7 hrs] Nuclear Power Generation Introduction to Nuclear Engineering: Binding Energy, Energy release, Nuclear reactions & its initiation, Fission, Component of nuclear reactors & its material, Numericals based on energy release. Nuclear Reactors : Types of reactors, PWR, BWR, CANDU ,Gas cooled liquid metal cooled, Breeder reactor problems of operation , location of nuclear station, present & proposed nuclear plant in India. Nuclear Waste Disposal : Effects of nuclear waste on environment, its disposal to soil , water air, sea etc. Comparison with other power plants. UNIT II [ 6 hrs] Hydroelectric Power Plant Hydrology : Rainfall , Runoff, Hydrograph , flow duration curve , mass curve. Hydroelectric power plant : Site selection ,classification of hydroelectric power plant, general arrangement, details of different components prime movers, governing, model & model testing advantages, comparison with other power plant. UNIT III [7 hrs] Steam Power Plant Introduction: Coal – its properties, handling & storage, fuel firing methods ash & dust handling boiler accessories, high pressure boiler, draught 48
  44. 44. system, steam turbine, condenser, cooling towers. Water treatment, steam pipes, power plant layouts, pollution from steam power plant.UNIT IV[8 hrs] Gas Turbine Power Plant Introduction, classification, various components, different arrangement, governing, methods to improve efficiency, comparison with other power plant. Diesel Electric Power Plant: Introduction, Outline, type of engines, different components, performance, plant layout comparison with other power plant. Introduction to unconventional power sources – Solar, wind, Tidal, geothermal, MHD. UNIT V [7 hrs] Peak load plants, waste heat recovery system, various energy storage – systems like pumped hydro, compressed au. Flywheel, battery storage, thermal sensible & latent heat storage, chemical energy storage. Automation & Instrumentation: Measurement of water purity, 02, C02 measurement, gas analysis, smoke & dust measurement, moisture measurement, nuclear measurement. UNIT VI [7 hrs] Fluctuating Load: Load curves, various terms & definition, effect of fluctuating load. Economic Analysis: Tariffs, load division, and cost of electric energy. Combined Operation: Need, division, combination of different plant & their coordination, advantages.TEXT BOOK 1. Power Plant Engineering – DomkundwarREFERENCE BOOKS 1. Power Plant Engineering – Vopal & Slortzki 2. Power Plant Engineering – P.K. Nag 3. Power Plant Engineering – R.K. Rajpur 4. Power Plant Engineering – M.M. Wakil 49
  45. 45. Autonomy syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering VI SemesterELECTIVE IBMEL309 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (3-0-0-3)Aim & Objective :- i. To understand the artificial Intelligence in the environment of mechanical engineering ii. To understand the Artificial intelligence first order logic and concepts in knowledge engineering iii. To provide exposure information extraction and machine translationUNIT I INTRODUCTION (8Hrs)Intelligent agents – agents and environments - good behavior – the nature ofenvironments – structure of agents - problem solving - problem solving agents– example problems – searching for solutions – uniformed search strategies -avoiding repeated states – searching with partial information.UNIT II SEARCHING TECHNIQUES (9Hrs)Informed search and exploration – informed search strategies – heuristicfunction – local search algorithms and optimistic problems – local search incontinuous spaces – online search agents and unknown environments -constraint satisfaction problems (CSP) – backtracking search and local searchfor CSP – structure of problems - adversarial search – games – optimaldecisions in games – alpha – beta pruning – imperfect real-time decision –games that include an element of chance.UNIT III KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION(10Hrs)First order logic – representation revisited – syntax and semantics for firstorder logic – using first order logic – knowledge engineering in first order logic- inference in first order logic – prepositional versus first order logic –unification and lifting – forward chaining – backward chaining - resolution -knowledge representation - ontological engineering - categories and objects –actions - simulation and events - mental events and mental objectsUNIT IV LEARNING (8Hrs)Learning from observations - forms of learning - inductive learning - learningdecision trees - ensemble learning - knowledge in learning – logicalformulation of learning – explanation based learning – learning using relevantinformation – inductive logic programming - statistical learning methods -learning with complete data - learning with hidden variable - EM algorithm -instance based learning - neural networks - reinforcement learning – passivereinforcement learning - active reinforcement learning - generalization inreinforcement learning.UNIT V APPLICATIONS (7Hrs) 50
  46. 46. Communication – communication as action – formal grammar for a fragmentof english – syntactic analysis – augmented grammars – semanticinterpretation – ambiguity and disambiguation – discourse understanding –grammar induction - probabilistic language processing - probabilistic languagemodels – information retrieval –information extraction – machine translation.TEXT BOOK1. Stuart Russell, Peter Norvig, “Artificial Intelligence – A Modern Approach”,2nd Edition, Pearson Education / Prentice Hall of India, 2004.REFERENCES1. Nils J. Nilsson, “Artificial Intelligence: A new Synthesis”, Harcourt Asia Pvt.Ltd., 2000.2. Elaine Rich and Kevin Knight, “Artificial Intelligence”, 2nd Edition, TataMcGraw-Hill, 2003.3. George F. Luger, “Artificial Intelligence-Structures And Strategies ForComplex Problem Solving”, Pearson Education / PHI, 2002.For more details, visit www.annauniv.edu/academics/index.html/ 51
  47. 47. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering VI SemesterElective - IBMEL 310 Quality And Reliability Engineering (3-0-0-3)Aim & Objective :- i) To study the significance and meaning of quality. ii) To study different quality control tools i.e various charts.iii) To study various sampling techniques used in industries.iv) To study product life cycle in industries.UNIT I Introduction to Quality [7Hrs]Quality - the changing business condition. significance and meaning ofquality, quality function, definition of SQC, benefits and limitation of SQC, briefdiscussion on quality of design, quality of manufacturing and qualityassurance, quality cost.UNIT II Process Control for Variables[8Hrs]Variation in process- factors – process capability – process capability studiesand simple problems – Normality and Histogram ,theory of control chart- usesof control chart – control chart for variables – X chart, R chart, design ofexperiments ,Taguchi method, orthogonal arrays.UNIT III Process Control For Attributes [7Hrs] Control chart for attributes –control chart for proportion or fraction defectives– P chart and NP chart – control chart for defects – C and U charts, state ofcontrol and process out of control identification in charts.UNIT IV Acceptance Sampling[8Hrs] Lot by lot sampling – types – probability of acceptance in single, double,multiple sampling techniques – O.C. curves – producer’s risk and consumer’srisk. AQL, LTPD, AOQL concepts-standard sampling plans for AQL andLTPD- uses of standard sampling plans.UNIT V Life Testing - Reliability [7Hrs]Life testing – objective – failure data analysis, mean failure rate, mean time tofailure, mean time between failure, hazard rate, system reliability, series,parallel and mixed configuration – simple problems, maintainability and 52
  48. 48. availability – simple problems, acceptance sampling based on reliability test –O.C Curves.UNIT VI Quality and Reliability [6Hrs]Reliability improvements – techniques- use of Pareto analysis – design forreliability – redundancy unit and standby redundancy – optimization inreliability – product design – product analysis – product development –product life cycles.Note : Use of approved statistical table permitted in the examination.Text Books:1. Grant, Eugene.L “Statistical Quality Control”, McGraw-Hill, 1996.2. L.S.Srinath, “Reliability Engineering”, Affiliated East west press, 1991.References:1. Manohar Mahajan, “Statistical Quality Control”, Dhanpat Rai & Sons, 2001.2. R.C.Gupta, “Statistical Quality control”, Khanna Publishers, 1997.3. Besterfield D.H., “Quality Control”, Prentice Hall, 1993.4. Sharma S.C., “Inspection Quality Control and Reliability”, KhannaPublishers, 1998.5. Danny Samson, “Manufacturing & Operations Strategy”, Prentice Hall,19916. Connor, P.D.T.O., “Practical Reliability Engineering”, John Wiley, 1993 53
  49. 49. Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering VI SemesterELECTIVE-I BMEL 311 Mechanical Vibration (3-0-0-3)Aim & Objective :- i) To understand basic concepts of mechanical vibrations. ii) To develop competency in analytical methods in solving problems of vibrations. iii) To make students conversant with Concepts of Degrees of freedom. iv) To make the students conversant with basic concepts of Rotor dynamics. v) To make the students conversant with various techniques of vibration measurement and to give exposure to students the advances in vibration measurement.UNIT I (2Hrs) IntroductionNeed & scope, concepts & terms used, SHM, method of representingvibration, Fourier series & harmonic analysis.UNIT II(7Hrs)Single DOF system(a) Damped free vibrations, types of damping, logarithmic decrement,coulomb damping, and damping materials.(b) Forced Vibrations: types of excitation, forced excitation, support excitation,excitation due to unbalance in machines, response due to above types ofexcitations, transmissibility, force transmissibility & motion transmissibility,vibration isolators, commercial isolation materials & shock mounts.UNIT III(7Hrs)Two DOF system: -(a) Free un-damped vibrations – principal modes and natural frequencies, co-ordinate coupling and principal co-ordinates.(b) Forced vibrations (undamped) – harmonic excitation, vibration, dampers &absorbers, dynamic vibration absorber – tuned & untuned typeUNIT IV(8Hrs)Multi DOF systemsClose couple systems, far coupled systems, orthogonality of mode shapes,modal analysis, forced vibrationUNIT V(8Hrs)Rotor DynamicsSingle mass system- torsional vibration in rotary machinery, two masssystem, multi mass system, balancing of rotor, dynamic behavior of rotor,gyroscopic effects. 54
  50. 50. UNIT VI(9Hrs)Conditioning MonitoringVibration instrumentation- displacement, velocity, acceleration, shockmeasurement, transducer, terminal devices spectrum analyzer, exciter,special mounting techniques signature analyzer, concept of signature andprediction of trouble by signature monitoringVibration Measurements- vibration pick ups, accelerometers; inductanceand capacitance type pick ups, piezoelectric pickups; exciters, vibrationmeter, FFT analyzer, fault detection based on vibration.Text Book:-1. Mechanical Vibration by S.S. Rao.2. Theory And Practice of Mechanical Vibration by J.S. Rao and K. Gupta3. Elements of vibration analysis by Leonard Meirovitch.4. Vibration base Conditioning Monitoring by Kolacoat5. Mechanical Vibration by G. K. Grover, Published by Nemchand &Brothers, Roorkee6. Mechanical Vibration by Dr. V. P. Singh, Published by S. Chand & SonsNew Delhi.7. Analytical Methods In Rotor Dynamics by AD Dimarogonas, SA Paipetis8. Rotor Dynamics by JS Rao 55
  51. 51. G.H.RAISONI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Autonomy Syllabus B.E. Mechanical Engineering VI SemesterELECTIVE-IBMEL 312 Advance I. C. Engines (3-0-0-3)Aim & Objective :- i) Identify the unique vocabulary associated with Engines through the precise definition of basic concepts to form a sound foundation for the development of the scientific principles to follow and to prevent possible misunderstandings. ii) To explain the principles of operation, the different classifications, and the measurements and performance standards of an internal combustion engine. iii) To introduce Combustion phenomenon in I.C.Engines iv) Making awareness about exhaust emissions, their controlling methods and environmental hazardsUNIT-I [7 hrs]Classification of I.C. engines, General description of Petrol and Diesel engine,working, performance and evaluation, Types, Fuel air cycles and their significance,Comparison with air standard cycles ,Actual cycles, Time and heat loss factors,Exhaust blow down.UNIT-II [7hrs]Combustion phenomenon in S.I and C.I. Engines, Pre combustion,Knock, Detonation, Combustion chambers. System Components, Carburetor, Fuelinjection in S.I. and C.I. engines, MPFI. , CRDI Introduction to Supercharging andturbo charging. Starting, Ignition, Governing, Lubrication, Cooling and ExhaustsystemsUNIT-III [8hrs]Determination of IP, BP, FP, Mean effective pressure, Fuel consumption, AirConsumption, Engine efficiencies, Performance characteristics, Energy balance.UNIT IV [7hrs]Carburetion: - Factors affecting carburetion, Design of carburetion, A: F mixture,principle of carburetion, calculation of air fuel ratio, size of carburetor, compensationdevices, types of carburetors, modern carburetors. 56
  52. 52. UNIT V [7hrs]Diesel Injection : Mechanical injection system, classification of injection system, fuelfeed pump, injection pump, governors , Fuel nozzles, electronic injection system,electronic fuel injection system (EFI),multi point fuel injection, (MPFI), Electroniccontrol system.UNIT VI [6hrs]Air pollution due to I.C. Engines, Emissions, Euro norms, Emission control methods,Catalytic converters. EGR system, Diesel Particulate Filter, effect of design andoperating parameters on IC engine emission. Catalyst, Alternative fuels, Methanol,Ethanol, vegetable oils, biogas, comparison of their properties with diesel and petrolReferences: 1. John B. Heywood,” Internal Combustion Engine,” McGraweHill publication. 2. Edward E. Obert, “Internal Combustion Engines and Air Pollution”, Internal Educational Pub, 1973 3. I.C Engine, V Ganesan , Tata McGraw publication 4. Osamu Hirao and Richard K. Pefley, “Present and Future Automotive Fuels ", John Wiley and Sons, 1988.List of experiments: 1. Trial on Diesel engine 2. Trial on Petrol engine 3. Study of Modern Carburetor, Fuel Injector Pump & Nozzle. 4. Study of Ignition and Governing System 5. Study & Demonstration on five gas analyzer and smoke meter for exhaust emissions of Petrol engine. 6. Study of various carbureters. 7. Visit to Automobile Industry 57

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