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Applying the Multimedia Principle<br />Presented by<br />Shirley Bugosh & Jared Rodgers<br />
Applying the Multimedia Principle<br />Recommended Reading for this lesson<br />Clark, R., & Mayer, R., (2008). e-Learning...
Based on Cognitive Theory and Research Evidence<br />Recommendations are -“e-learning courses include words and graphics, ...
Multimedia Presentations includes both Words and Graphics<br />Animation file:  retreived from: http://www.youtube.com/wat...
Not all kinds of graphics are equal consider several possible FUNCTIONS . . .<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />O...
Not all kinds of graphics are equal consider several possible FUNCTIONS . . .<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />O...
Not all kinds of graphics are equal consider several possible FUNCTIONS . . .<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />O...
Not all kinds of graphics are equal consider several possible FUNCTIONS . . .<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />O...
Not all kinds of graphics are equal consider several possible FUNCTIONS . . .<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />O...
Not all kinds of graphics are equal consider several possible FUNCTIONS . . .<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />O...
Graphics can be used to teach various types of CONTENT<br />Facts<br />Concepts<br />Process<br />Procedure<br />Principle...
Graphics can be used to teach various types of CONTENT<br />Facts<br />Concepts<br />Process<br />Procedure<br />Principle...
Graphics can be used to teach various types of CONTENT<br />Facts<br />Concepts<br />Process<br />Procedure<br />Principle...
Graphics can be used to teach various types of CONTENT<br />Facts<br />Concepts<br />Process<br />Procedure<br />Principle...
Graphics can be used to teach various types of CONTENT<br />Facts<br />Concepts<br />Process<br />Procedure<br />Principle...
More ways to promote learning<br />Topic Organizer<br />Lesson Interface<br />Show Relationships<br />http://bit.ly/h98ckJ...
The Multimedia Principle<br />Recommendations are -“e-learning courses include words and graphics, rather than words alone...
The Multimedia Principle<br />Recommendations are -“e-learning courses include words and graphics, rather than words alone...
Use words and graphics to present instructional content
Graphics should be relevant to the instructional purpose</li></li></ul><li>The Multimedia Principle<br />Recommendations a...
Use words and graphics to present instructional content
Graphics should be relevant to the instructional purpose</li></li></ul><li>The Multimedia Principle<br />Recommendations a...
Use words and graphics to present instructional content
Graphics should be relevant to the instructional purpose</li></li></ul><li>The Multimedia Principle<br />KEY POINTS<br />
In the lesson, we presented six possible functions of graphic use<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />Organizationa...
We also presented five types of content as identified by Clark (2007)<br />Facts<br />Concepts<br />Process<br />Procedure...
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Multimedia Principle

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Applying the Multimedia Principle

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Multimedia Principle

  1. 1. Applying the Multimedia Principle<br />Presented by<br />Shirley Bugosh & Jared Rodgers<br />
  2. 2. Applying the Multimedia Principle<br />Recommended Reading for this lesson<br />Clark, R., & Mayer, R., (2008). e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven <br />Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning (2nd ed., pp 53-75). San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer<br /> <br />Clark, R. (2002). Six Principles of Effective e-Learning: What Works and Why. The eLearning Developers’ Journal. Located at: http://www.elearningguild.com<br />
  3. 3. Based on Cognitive Theory and Research Evidence<br />Recommendations are -“e-learning courses include words and graphics, rather than words alone.”<br />Clark, R., & Mayer, R., (2008). e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning (Second Ed.). ISBN: 978-0-7879-8683-4<br />
  4. 4. Multimedia Presentations includes both Words and Graphics<br />Animation file: retreived from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uZUCZn0xnYE <br />
  5. 5. Not all kinds of graphics are equal consider several possible FUNCTIONS . . .<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />Organizational<br />Relational <br />Transformational<br />Interpretative<br />Image Resource: http://www.dreamstime.com/decorative-vines-web-site-logo-imagefree3131340<br />
  6. 6. Not all kinds of graphics are equal consider several possible FUNCTIONS . . .<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />Organizational<br />Relational <br />Transformational<br />Interpretative<br />Image Resource: FORBUS K., USHER J., TOMAI E.: Analogical learning of visual/conceptual relationships in sketches. In Proceedings of<br />AAAI-05 (2005). Retrieved from: www.qrg.northwestern.edu/papers/Files/AAAI05ForbusK.pdf<br />
  7. 7. Not all kinds of graphics are equal consider several possible FUNCTIONS . . .<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />Organizational<br />Relational <br />Transformational<br />Interpretative<br />Image Resource: http://www.wcpss.net/school_to_career/stc_council/index.html<br />
  8. 8. Not all kinds of graphics are equal consider several possible FUNCTIONS . . .<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />Organizational<br />Relational<br />Transformational<br />Interpretative<br />Image Resource: http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3059/3251571301_4f2aea7a13.jpg<br />
  9. 9. Not all kinds of graphics are equal consider several possible FUNCTIONS . . .<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />Organizational<br />Relational <br />Transformational<br />Interpretative<br />Image Resource: http://hetv.org/resources/childgrowth/index.html<br />
  10. 10. Not all kinds of graphics are equal consider several possible FUNCTIONS . . .<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />Organizational<br />Relational <br />Transformational<br />Interpretative<br />
  11. 11. Graphics can be used to teach various types of CONTENT<br />Facts<br />Concepts<br />Process<br />Procedure<br />Principle<br />Image Resource: http://www.nestle.ca/en/articles/Health_Wellness/Tools/nutrition_facts_table.htm<br />
  12. 12. Graphics can be used to teach various types of CONTENT<br />Facts<br />Concepts<br />Process<br />Procedure<br />Principle<br />Image Resource: http://urbanverse.posterous.com/living-large-and-small-trading-hummers-for-pu<br />
  13. 13. Graphics can be used to teach various types of CONTENT<br />Facts<br />Concepts<br />Process<br />Procedure<br />Principle<br />Image Resource: http://perc.mspinnyc.org/<br />
  14. 14. Graphics can be used to teach various types of CONTENT<br />Facts<br />Concepts<br />Process<br />Procedure<br />Principle<br />Image Resource: The Endangered Species Act of 1973. Decision-making Flowchart. Retrieved from:<br />http://walter.arizona.edu/society/policy/esa/ESA2.asp<br />
  15. 15. Graphics can be used to teach various types of CONTENT<br />Facts<br />Concepts<br />Process<br />Procedure<br />Principle<br />
  16. 16. More ways to promote learning<br />Topic Organizer<br />Lesson Interface<br />Show Relationships<br />http://bit.ly/h98ckJ<br />
  17. 17. The Multimedia Principle<br />Recommendations are -“e-learning courses include words and graphics, rather than words alone.”<br />Evidence<br />
  18. 18. The Multimedia Principle<br />Recommendations are -“e-learning courses include words and graphics, rather than words alone.”<br /><ul><li>Works best with “Novices” rather than experts “Experts”
  19. 19. Use words and graphics to present instructional content
  20. 20. Graphics should be relevant to the instructional purpose</li></li></ul><li>The Multimedia Principle<br />Recommendations are -“e-learning courses include words and graphics, rather than words alone.”<br /><ul><li>Works best with “Novices” rather than experts “Experts”
  21. 21. Use words and graphics to present instructional content
  22. 22. Graphics should be relevant to the instructional purpose</li></li></ul><li>The Multimedia Principle<br />Recommendations are -“e-learning courses include words and graphics, rather than words alone.”<br /><ul><li>Works best with “Novices” rather than experts “Experts”
  23. 23. Use words and graphics to present instructional content
  24. 24. Graphics should be relevant to the instructional purpose</li></li></ul><li>The Multimedia Principle<br />KEY POINTS<br />
  25. 25. In the lesson, we presented six possible functions of graphic use<br />Decorative<br />Representational<br />Organizational<br />Relational<br />Transformational<br />Interpretative<br />
  26. 26. We also presented five types of content as identified by Clark (2007)<br />Facts<br />Concepts<br />Process<br />Procedure<br />Principles<br />
  27. 27. When applying the Multimedia Principle<br />Best used with “Novices”<br />Present the instructional content<br />Should be relevant<br />
  28. 28. The Multimedia Principle<br />People learn more deeply from words and graphics than from words alone.<br />
  29. 29. This concludes the lesson presentationApplying the Multimedia Principle<br />For more information regarding this lesson<br />Please contact<br />Shirley Bugosh or Jared Rodgers<br />

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