Ar finalreview


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Ar finalreview

  1. 1. ARTICLE REVIEW Title of Article Teaching With a Purpose in Mind: Cultivating a Vision Name of the Journal The Professional Educator Volume Volume 37, No. 2 Year Published Fall, 2013 Name Sabrina Binti Hj Mohd Ali ID Number 2013374123 1. Overview This article begins by presenting a few findings from other literatures that shows recent educational reform at an alarming rate, i.e. pressure on educators proven has failed many of the nation’s students. Therefore, curricular changes were accused to limit teacher’s instructional decisions. Studies provides understanding about teaching practice and to suggest research of one’s classroom practice, educators will accomplish their vision and continue to grow. This article continues with the explanation that the discovery of self-study research project as a way to explore a vision of teaching prior to frustration with district and principal’s efforts on education policies.
  2. 2. The author determined to explain the relationship between foundational variables and students. Even though this research begins as a course assignment, it was extended later to further examine on how to enact the author’s vision despite teaching in a restrictive climate. The author then focuses on practices and the reaction to literacy activities in the classroom. Additionally, the author modifies the curriculum based on her vision to meet the needs of students. The aim is to generate ideas in the classroom. 2. A description of the methodology The Author adopted self-study at University in the southeastern part of the United States. The setting for this study was a K-5 public elementary school. A total number of thirteen out of eighteen students in the classroom were interviewed based on parents and student voluntary consent. All of the participants were sent home a letter about the research project. The author came up with three major questions in this research, considering all possibilities responses to gather comprehensive information as below:- i. What were the salient dimensions of my vision? ii. How were classroom activities structured to meet this vision? iii. In what ways did my students experience literacy (both their practices and their responses) as my vision was enacted? A journal was used to record all classroom activities during her school year. It has been addressed author’s vision and goals in her classroom event. This study allows Students participated in a variety of literacy activities, such as creating books, peer and individual reading, collaborative story making, and listening to peer-recorded books.
  3. 3. Development Reading Assessment (DRA) (Beaver, 2006), is used to measure students’ reading progress. Participants were interviewed concerning their feeling and beliefs about their literacy such as:-  What was your favorite part of a reading?  What part of reading in school was your least favorite?  What part of the reading was your favorite? Why?  What is the best way to teach someone how to read? Why is that the best? These questions were adapted from the Reading Attitude Survey (McKenna, Kear, & Ellsworth, 1995). Interviews were transcribed and coded for related themes. Such qualitative analysis of both reflective journal and student interviewed to provide a richer understanding of the participants’ perspectives (Creswell & Creswell, 2007). The data analyzed using grounded theory approach (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) to examine the relationship between the research questions (Author’s vision) and students' practices and responses. Involving a research theme, consist of two professors and Author will read journal and transcripts individually. Theme related will be recorded and collaboratively discuss in interviews. Students’ responded to (1) the creation of space, and (2) the ways students used reading as a tool. Both these themes relate to teaching practice. 3. Evaluation The author has examined very young students participate and perform in reading activities. This leads current study and observation/interview on first graders reaction to literacy instruction or activities. This exploration helps to contextualize Author’s vision within the classroom.
  4. 4. This data collection presented from three quarter student in the classroom. A study was carried with interview and many activities participated by students. Students Assessed with reading skills and progress. Considering students' interest, opinion, dislikes, feelings, beliefs are used to help provide a richer understanding of the participant’s perspectives (qualitative analysis). These data collections can contribute to an understanding about good teaching practices. Moreover, it is to prove a practical literacy in one’s classroom, enable to sustain their vision and continue to grow. In contrast, study found stressing prescriptive literacy programs restrict teacher’s autonomy and creativity, it has generated bad and unsuccessful impact on student achievement. Reading is another tool contributing to build students' literacy skills. It is an effective way to connect their interests to various texts and discovered how authors and titles supported their development of interests. Through literacy activities, students had the confidence to shape and reshape reading activities into meaningful achievement. In my opinion, allowing student participate in classroom; can improve the student in many ways. This classroom management approach shows a positive effect on students' learning and the environment. Dedicated vision teacher, even with any obstacles and unmotivated students, can be successful. 4. Discussion of Implication The finding shows author, is confident in her vision for teaching literacy, because:-  Students become empowered - meant literacy review will help to develop confidence in literacy skills while supporting students’ emotional growth.  Develop literacy skills at their own pace; and  Engage in real-world - Creating multiple opportunities for all students to collaborate with one another and engage in meaningful activities.
  5. 5. In short, the finding shows, teachers’ strategies and activity responses are as below:-  They enjoy and love reading  Promoted the development of new interest  They could read aloud to their friends  They could share it with the classmates  Have confidence to shape and reshape literacy activities  Could use others words into own stories The data analysis technique was appropriate for the study and has provided answers to research questions. The students had excitement and use their creativity to contribute ideas and make the classroom activities successful. It is proven, flexible curriculum help student to explore. A teacher must be given more space to develop and teach according to their visions. However, there are some limitation such bias, decision by sole researcher, conclusion based on course duration of one year, student’s maturation effect and the flexibility of the curriculum could change the findings. In my opinion, this study should include parents' feedback at home. I belief, parents are the main factor contributing to the students' character in the classrooms. Perhaps, parents could play a role to support the teacher's vision about their children and teachers as an important person in the classroom could possess more clear vision on how to influence students. The findings also suggest that teachers should structure more engaging varieties activities so students have multiple opportunities to learn and develop according to their individual needs. Although it is difficult to associate with any teacher's vision, it's proof the teacher is the most important factor in the classroom.