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OpenStreetMap Response to Haiti earthquake

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OpenStreetMap Response to Haiti earthquake

  1. 1. Mapping of Haiti OpenStreetMap Community’s Response to January 2010 Earthquake Shoaib Burq shoaib@nomad-labs.com twitter: sabman 1
  2. 2. @sabman #haitiosm Post Questions on Twitter with Slide Numbers 2
  3. 3. MapKibera project to introduce OSM and help audience understand the significance of collaborative tools and passionate communities. Introduction to OpenStreetMap (OSM) 3
  4. 4. 1870s 4
  5. 5. 1890-1963 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Nairobi 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. 10
  12. 12. 11
  13. 13. 12 Map Source http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/map_sites/hist_sites.html
  14. 14. Kibera series of huts 13
  15. 15. 14 Image source http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Nairobi
  16. 16. Kibera: Google Maps 15 6-Mar-2010
  17. 17. Kibera: OpenStreetMap 16 6-Mar-2010
  18. 18. Kibera: OpenStreetMap 17
  19. 19. anyone can now map http://mapkibera.org 18 http://tools.geofabrik.de/mc/?mt0=googlemap&mt1=mapnik&lon=36.78969&lat=-1.31299&zoom=16
  20. 20. http://www.flickr.com/photos/junipermarie/4389468824/in/set-72157622599141117/ fresh local mappers 19
  21. 21. Introduction to OpenStreetMap - by analogy OpenStreetMap (OSM) Wikipedia for Maps 20
  22. 22. 21 R
  23. 23. 22
  24. 24. 23
  25. 25. 2 days before the Mapping Party 24
  26. 26. 2 days after the Mapping Party 25
  27. 27. Geological Setting of Haiti Earthquake Quick Background 26
  28. 28. 27
  29. 29. 28
  30. 30. 29
  31. 31. 30
  32. 32. Response to Haiti Contributions from the OpenStreetMap Community 31
  33. 33. RED, BLUE, GREEN 32
  34. 34. RED, BLUE, GREEN Data Collection 32
  35. 35. Application of Data for Disaster Response RED, BLUE, GREEN Data Collection 32
  36. 36. Application of Data for Disaster Response RED, BLUE, GREEN Data Post Disaster Collection 32
  37. 37. RED First 3 Days of the Disaster Creation & Collection of Data by Mass Collaboration 33
  38. 38. The 7.0 Earthquake Tuesday, January 12, 2010 at 21:53:10 UTC 16:53 Local Time 34 R
  39. 39. OSM Talk Mailing List Wednesday, January 13, 2010 at 04:38:30 UTC 35 R
  40. 40. day 1 36 R
  41. 41. day 1 http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/ WikiProject_Haiti 6hr after earthquake “contribute map data” 37 R
  42. 42. day 0 http://brainoff.com/weblog/2010/01/14/1518 38 R
  43. 43. 39 R
  44. 44. haiti.osm. 2009 01 14 18:09:00 day 2 http://brainoff.com/weblog/2010/01/14/1518 40 R
  45. 45. Eric Marsden http://emarsden.chez.com 41 R
  46. 46. Eric Marsden http://emarsden.chez.com 42 R
  47. 47. day 1 43 R
  48. 48. day 1 Request: “[Latest] Shapefiles for download” 44 R
  49. 49. day 1 45 R
  50. 50. day 2 http://labs.geofabrik.de/haiti 46 R
  51. 51. day 2 47 R
  52. 52. day 2 47 R
  53. 53. day 2 Shapefile 47 R
  54. 54. day 2 Shapefile 47 R
  55. 55. day 2 Shapefile Garmin Base Map 47 R
  56. 56. day 2 Shapefile Garmin Base Map 47 R
  57. 57. day 2 5 min Updates Shapefile Garmin Base Map 47 R
  58. 58. day 2 48 R
  59. 59. day 2 49 R
  60. 60. day 7Original-Nachricht -------- -------- Datum: Wed, 20 Jan 2010 23:48:05 -0800 Von: Christiaan Adams <csad...@google.com> Hi folks, I've been asked to let you know that you CAN trace this imagery in OSM: http://www.google.com/relief/haitiearthquake/imagery.html -Christiaan --------------------------------- Christiaan Adams Google Earth Outreach Google Crisis Response csad...@google.com <mailto:csad...@google.com> --------------------------------- 50 R
  61. 61. day 7 “you can trace this imagery in OSM” Google Inc. 50 R
  62. 62. day 8 Raphaël Jacquot sxpert at sxpert.org Thu Jan 21 08:00:22 GMT 2010 Rejoice ! WMS: http://hypercube.telascience.org/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/geo/ haiti/mapfiles/4326.map&layers= JOSM: http://hypercube.telascience.org/cgi-bin/mapserv?map=/geo/ haiti/mapfiles/ 4326.map&layers=google-01-17-4326&request=GetMap&ve rsion=1.0.0&styles=&format=image/jpeg&service=WMS& 51 R
  63. 63. day 8 1 day after permission from google “Rejoice!” Post-Disaster Imagery Services setup for Interoperability with OSM Tracing Tools 51 R
  64. 64. What do I mean by “Trace” on “OSM” 52 R
  65. 65. Sunday (January 17) 53 R
  66. 66. 54 R Curtsey of Dr Stuart Gill The World Bank
  67. 67. 54 R Curtsey of Dr Stuart Gill The World Bank
  68. 68. 54 R Curtsey of Dr Stuart Gill The World Bank
  69. 69. 54 R Curtsey of Dr Stuart Gill The World Bank
  70. 70. 54 R Curtsey of Dr Stuart Gill The World Bank
  71. 71. 55 R
  72. 72. High Resolution (15cm) Imagery Foot Prints 56 R
  73. 73. Wiki Technology Allowed Quick Translations to Other Languages 57 R
  74. 74. High Resolution Imagery Commercial Providers Allowed OSM to Trace Images: http://haiticrisismap.org/ IMAGERY PROVIDERS Google, NOAA, World Bank (ImageCAT GFDRR), DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, SpotImage, CIA 58 R
  75. 75. No. of Users Size (MB) 700 525 350 175 0 12/30/2009 1/16/2010 1/19/2010 1/22/2010 1/25/2010 1/28/2010 59 R
  76. 76. day 0 60 R
  77. 77. day 21 haiti.osm. 2009 02 05 61 R
  78. 78. None of the initial mappers ever set foot in Haiti 62 R
  79. 79. Haiti CrisisCamp LA 63 R
  80. 80. BLUE use of OpenStreetMap data for disaster response 64
  81. 81. A Map for Disaster Response this is no ordinary map 65 B
  82. 82. Tagging Earthquake Damage earthquake:damage: collapsed_building earthquake:damage: spontaneous_camp earthquake:damage: damaged_infrastructure earthquake:damage: landslide Stats on "earthquake:damage" http://bit.ly/cBPPwQ 66 B
  83. 83. day 1 67 B
  84. 84. day 1 68 B
  85. 85. day 1 Road data courtesy of OpenStreetMap 68 B
  86. 86. Distributing Food & Water “NEED to map any spontaneous camps appearing in the imagery” Mapping requirement mentioned by United Nations Office of Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) 69 B
  87. 87. Distributing Food & Water selecting the tags earthquake:damage: spontaneous_camp tourism: camp_site refugee: yes 70 B
  88. 88. 71 B
  89. 89. 72 R
  90. 90. 73
  91. 91. 74
  92. 92. 75 B
  93. 93. 76
  94. 94. Way Finding & Routing impassable: yes 77 B
  95. 95. 78 B
  96. 96. 79 B
  97. 97. Obstacle in the Road 79 B
  98. 98. 80 B
  99. 99. Obstacle in the Road 80 B
  100. 100. 81 B
  101. 101. 82 B
  102. 102. http://lists.openstreetmap.org/pipermail/talk/2010- February/048054.html “to move quickly in country destroyed and unknown ... was able to use OSM maps on my GPS...” “3 rescued .. 5000 ... treated” Columbian Mission in Haiti 82 B
  103. 103. "Hello guys, I just wanted to let you know that your work on improving the Haiti maps is really appreciated here. A few days ago I installed a version on my Garmin Oregon GPS and the result is impressive. It has already saved me and my driver from getting lost twice, and the alternative would have been long delays. In the coming days I will try to update our Red Cross relief GPS receivers with your map." Kjeld Jensen, Red Cross (IFRC) 83 B
  104. 104. "Hello guys, I just wanted to let you know that your work on improving the Haiti maps is really appreciated here. A few days ago I installed a version on my Garmin Oregon GPS and the result is impressive. It has already saved me and my driver from getting lost twice, and the alternative would have been long delays. In the coming days I will try to update our Red Cross relief GPS receivers with your map." Kjeld Jensen, Red Cross (IFRC) 84 B
  105. 105. Long Distance, High Speed Wifi Setup in Haiti http://www.inveneo.org/?q=haiti-wifi-network 85 B
  106. 106. For Field Teams Applications and Data Products 86 B
  107. 107. 87 B
  108. 108. 88 B
  109. 109. day 4 89 B
  110. 110. day 4 90 B
  111. 111. Real-Time Incident Reporting & Management 91 B
  112. 112. http://haiti.ushahidi.org/ 92 B
  113. 113. http://haiti.ushahidi.org/ OpenStreetMap as Base Map 92 B
  114. 114. Lt. Gen. Blum, 2nd in Command, NORTHCOM visiting Ushahidi Situation Room at Tufts University 93 B
  115. 115. http://haiti.ushahidi.com/reports/view/936 94
  116. 116. http://haiti.ushahidi.com/reports/view/761 95
  117. 117. http://haiti.ushahidi.com/reports/view/761 95
  118. 118. Organisations Monitoring Ushahidi Feeds Red Cross FEMA Plan International US Coast Guard Task Force Charity Water World Food Program US State Department US Southern Command International Medical Corps (SOUTHCOM) AIDG OFDA USAID UNDP 96 B
  119. 119. Coordinating Data Collection prioritise mapping: crisiscamps, mailing list, ushaidi, trace matrix open collaborative tools for quality: openstreetbugs, keep right!, trace matrix 97 B
  120. 120. CrisisCommons, CrisisCamps & CrisisMappers Forum for Tech and Humanitarian Volunteers to Coordinate the Response Build Usable Products in a matter of Hours 98 B
  121. 121. Haiti CrisisCamp LA 99 B
  122. 122. What about Data Consistency and Quality? 100 B
  123. 123. OpenStreetBugs 101 B
  124. 124. OSM Trace Matrix 102 B
  125. 125. Data Inconsistancies http://keepright.ipax.at 103 B
  126. 126. http://tagstat.hypercube.telascience.org/haiti/ 104 B
  127. 127. http://osmdoc.com/en/tag/landuse/residential 105 B
  128. 128. Geo Node (World Bank) 106 B
  129. 129. Geo Node (World Bank) 107 B
  130. 130. GREEN OpenStreetMap and Haiti’s Future 108
  131. 131. Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) at Risk 109 G
  132. 132. 110 G
  133. 133. http://bit.ly/cs4Mbf (see page 6) 111 G
  134. 134. Using OSM to Develop an Earthquake Exposure Database & Build Community Resilience 112 G
  135. 135. Reveshty 2009 •Material Type •Age of Building •Quality of Building •Number of Floors •Rate of occupancy •Land use •Area of Parcel •Position of building in the block •Facade materials 113 G
  136. 136. •Material Type •Age of Building •Quality of Building •Number of Floors •Rate of occupancy •Land use •Area of Parcel •Position of building in the block •Facade materials 114 Reveshty 2009 G
  137. 137. •Material Type •Age of Building •Quality of Building •Number of Floors •Rate of occupancy •Land use Keys:Landuse •Area of Parcel •Position of building in the block •Facade materials 114 Reveshty 2009 G
  138. 138. •Material Type •Age of Building •Quality of Building Derive from •Number of Floors Keys:Landuse •Rate of occupancy •Land use Keys:Landuse •Area of Parcel •Position of building in the block •Facade materials 114 Reveshty 2009 G
  139. 139. •Material Type •Age of Building •Quality of Building Derive from •Number of Floors Keys:Landuse •Rate of occupancy •Land use Keys:Landuse •Area of Parcel Calculated •Position of building in the block •Facade materials 114 Reveshty 2009 G
  140. 140. •Material Type •Age of Building •Quality of Building Derive from •Number of Floors Keys:Landuse •Rate of occupancy •Land use Keys:Landuse •Area of Parcel Calculated •Position of building in the block •Facade materials Calculated 114 Reveshty 2009 G
  141. 141. Look for tags under: http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Category:Keys •Material Type •Age of Building •Quality of Building Derive from •Number of Floors Keys:Landuse •Rate of occupancy •Land use Keys:Landuse •Area of Parcel Calculated •Position of building in the block •Facade materials Calculated 114 Reveshty 2009 G
  142. 142. how would we collect this data in OSM? 115 G
  143. 143. Introducing Walking Papers http://walking-papers.org/ 116 G
  144. 144. 117 G
  145. 145. 118
  146. 146. 119 G
  147. 147. Passionate Mappers 120
  148. 148. Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT) 121 G
  149. 149. HOT Deployed to Haiti UNOCHA, MapAction, The World Bank 122 G
  150. 150. 123
  151. 151. 123
  152. 152. The Lesson for Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) Projects 124
  153. 153. Participation Improves Data Quality Delivering Data in Multiple Formats Improves its Uptake & Quality 125
  154. 154. Why? Because maps are ... 126
  155. 155. Useful image source: http://maptogether.org/nonprofit-mapping 127
  156. 156. Acknowledgements Written Feedback Verbal Feedback • Dr Ole Nielsen (GA/AIFDR) • Maruf Rahman (GA) • Mikel Maron (OSM Foundation) • Dr Jane Sexton (GA) • Dr Stuart Gill (World Bank) • Matty Jakab (GA) • Dr Kashif Rasul • Dr Kriton Glenn (GA) 128
  157. 157. http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/WikiProject_Haiti Questions? Shoaib Burq shoaib@nomad-labs.com twitter: @sabman 129

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