PRACTICE• Practice, practice, practice• Get feedback, and use it.• Be ruthless - delete unnecessary information
PERFORMANCE• Speak loudly & clearly• Use short simple sentences• Avoid jargon & abbrev.• Vary pitch, tone, volume, speed and pauses• Avoid distracting mannerisms• Relax, be enthusiastic
CONTD..• Make eye contact• Keep an eye on the time remaining• Explain figures, and• point to important aspects• Give a clear and concise summary, then stop.• Don’t go overtime..Ever.
STRUCTURE OF A TEN-MINUTE TALK• Background (1-2 slides)• Aim of the study (1 slide – essential!)• Brief methods (1 slide)• Results (4-8 slides)• Summary (1 slide)• Conclusions (1 slide) • Make it sexy!
NEED FOR ORAL PRESENTATION• It is a useful supplement to written research reports.• They give listeners the opportunity to raise questions.• Clarify ambiguous issues or points.• The researcher must be well prepared to defend the results of hisher written report.
CONTD..• The researcher should try to maintain good communication with the listeners.• Avoid technical jargons.• Maintain Eye contact with all listeners.• Multimedia aids is another option.
HANDLING QUESTIONS• You are the expert • Prepare among friends • Insist that they challenge you• It’s OK to say you don’t know, or haven’t done the experiment yet.• The three “D”’s • Defend • Deflect • Defer(delay)
CONTD..• Before presentation • Anticipate questions• During question and answer session • Listen to entire question; • make sure you understand it • Repeat question out loud • Credit person for asking question • Respond to question honestly and the best way you can
CONTD..• If you cannot answer, – Redirect question to audience – Offer to find out answer later• Check clarity of your response before taking on next question• Try not to contradict each other when giving a team presentation