Shahzadi Rihas Sabah
M. Sc . and B. Sc. in Food
and Nutrition (DU)
Dietitian and Researcher
Anemia is the world’s 2nd leading cause of disability
and thus one of the most serious global public
Reducing the burden of anemia will make a major
contribution to achieving several UN Millennium
Development Goal (WHO, 2011)
Anemia is a condition characterized by low
hemoglobin in the body caused by a deficiency of
nutrients including iron in the diet(ICDDRB, 2008)
Most Common cause: Iron deficiency
▪ Folate, vitamin B12 and vitamin C deficiencies,
▪ Chronic inflammation,
▪ Parasitic infections, and
▪ Inherited disorders.
Most affected are children and women in the developing world
The global prevalence of anemia for the general
population is 24.8% and 1620 million people are
affected by anemia (WHO, 2011)
Globally 2.15 billion individuals are anemic because
of iron deficiency (Khusun, 1999)
In Bangladesh (National surveillance project
Under 5 children 68%
Adolescent girls 40%
Adolescent boys 31%
Non pregnant women 46%
Pregnant women 39 %
WHO has developed a comprehensive package of
public health measures addressing all aspects of iron
deficiency and anaemia.
Increase iron intake.
▪ Dietary diversification including iron-rich foods and enhancement of
iron absorption, food fortification and iron supplementation.
▪ Immunization and control programmes for malaria, hookworm and
Improve nutritional status.
▪ Prevention and control of other nutritional deficiencies, such as
vitamin B12, folate and vitaminC.
WHO ( 2011), Anemia, retrieved at 15th October, 2011 from
(ICDDRB, 2008), Anaemia in Bangladesh: problems and
solutions, retrieved at 15th October, 2011 from
HERproject, Bangladesh (2010), Female factory workers
Health needs assessment, retrieved at 15th October, 2011
Nutritional surveillance project bulletin (2006),The burden
of ane4mia in rural Bangladesh:The need for urgent
action, retrieved at 15th October, 2011
Khusun, H.,Yip R, SchultinkW, Dilon D H S (1999), World
Health Organization Haemoglobin cuo off points for the
detection of anemia are valid for an Indenesian population,
The journal of nutrition, retrieved at 15th October, 2011
Mridulla S M (2009),Working condition and
reproductive health status of female garments
workers in Bangladesh, retrieved at 15th
Wanjek, C ( 2005). Food at work.Workplace
solutions for malnutrition, obesity and chronic
diseases, International Labour Office, Geneva.
IFC . and ILO (2000). Good Practices: Apparel.