Basics of Patent Prosecution Process


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Basics of Patent Prosecution Process

  1. 1. 1Patent ProsecutionTrainingBasicsofPatent Prosecution Process
  2. 2. 2?Patent Practitioner:A person who stands between anengineer or scientist with the appropriatetechnical background.
  3. 3. 3Module C1. Basics of Patent Prosecution Process2. Patent Glossary3. Operational Knowledge for Practicing Patent Law4. Prior Art5. Patent Specification Drafting6. Claim Drafting7. Advanced Claim Drafting8. Prosecution of Patent Application9. Patent Prosecution vs. Patent Litigation Issues10. Concluding Session
  4. 4. 4Patent prosecution …• Patent prosecution describes the interaction betweenan applicant, or their representative, and a patent officewith regard to a patent, or an application for a patent.Broadly, patent prosecution can be split into pre-grantprosecution, which involves negotiation with a patentoffice for the grant of a patent, and post-grantprosecution, which involves issues such as post-grantamendment and opposition.• Patent prosecution is distinct from patent litigation,which describes legal action relating to the infringementof patents.
  5. 5. 5Patent prosecution• 1 Pre-grant prosecution– 1.1 Preparation of an application– 1.2 Filing an application– 1.3 Search and examination– 1.4 Deferred examination– 1.5 Invention registration– 1.6 Appeals– 1.7 Abandonment• 2 Post grant prosecution– 2.1 Opposition– 2.2 Reissue, Reexamination and Interference
  6. 6. 6InventorIdea Working ModelIdea Reduced to Practice
  7. 7. 7Patent ApplicationInventor Describe the invention in words Patent Application Patent OfficeMail to
  8. 8. 8InspectionSpecificationsDrawingsClaimsName &Address of InventorInventor’s DeclarationFilling FeeApplication Inspection
  9. 9. 9Serial NumberApplication Folder
  10. 10. 10ClassificationElectricalMechanicalChemicalBiotechnical
  11. 11. 11Search of Prior ArtPatent Examiner
  12. 12. 12Claims and SpecificationsClaims Described and Supported Details inSpecifications
  13. 13. 13Claims of Patent ApplicationPatentable Subject Matter
  14. 14. 14ClaimsProcessMachineAn Article of ManufactureComposition ofMaterial
  15. 15. 15InventionIs it NEW?Has this been done before theAPPLICATION?Are CLAIMS NOVEL in it?
  16. 16. 16InventionIs it OBVIOUS?
  17. 17. 17Finer PointsIs the INVENTION asCLAIMED described in theSPECIFICATIONS?Examiner must satisfy himself anddetermine whether the claims aresupported by the specifications?Is the Specificationsadequate to supportthe claimed invention?
  18. 18. 18ClaimsAre they CLEAR andDEFINITE?Are theyUNDERSTANDABLE?
  19. 19. 19FIRST OFFICIAL ACTIONPatentExaminerInventorWritten Opinion under USCsection 102, 102, 103, 112FIRSTOFFICIALACTION
  20. 20. 20ReviewFirst OfficialActionAmendmentInventor
  21. 21. 21After AmendmentAmendmentOvercomesAll Objections& RejectionsDoes Not OvercomeObjections & RejectionsNOTICEOFALLOWANCEFINALREJECTIONAllowedRejectedExamine
  22. 22. 22ACCEPTEDAmendmentOvercomesAll Objections& RejectionsNOTICEOFALLOWANCEAllowedExamine
  23. 23. 23REJECTEDAmendmentDoes Not OvercomeObjections & RejectionsFINALREJECTIONRejectedExamine
  24. 24. 24After Final RejectionReview FinalRejectionAMENDMENTAFTER FINALREJECTIONFinal arguments andminor Amendments
  25. 25. 25Action: Amendment after RejectionAMENDMENTAFTER FINALREJECTIONExaminer considersthe AMENDMENTSatisfiedNOTICEOFALLOWANCEFINALREJECTIONNotsatisfiedAllowAdvisory Action
  26. 26. 26APPEAL!Appeal is Filed ArgumentsExaminer wasmistakenAllowedNOTICEOFALLOWANCEExaminer wasRIGHTRejectedREJECTIONSTAYS
  27. 27. 27FLOW CHART
  28. 28. 28MPEPFrom this presentation, one may be tempted to concludethat patent prosecution is a fairly straight forward affair.In most of the cases, the answer is yes. However, it isworth remembering that the Manual of PatentExamining Procedure (MPEP) is a 3000+ document;and the worst part is that it is not a static document.The laws, rules and forms keep on changing. Even thebasic fundamentals change over time to include newerareas like biotechnology.
  29. 29. 29Thank YouGood Luckforyour journeytoPatent Law Practitioner