The Value of Waste

879 views

Published on

USID Gurukul 2010 was a 7-days workshop attended with well known design personnel in India.

The project was to design a Green Solution/Strategy for waste management in Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India.

Published in: Design, Business, News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
879
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
11
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Value of Waste

  1. 1. The value ofWASTE<br />
  2. 2. Today’s waste<br />Waste<br />Landfill<br />Transport<br />About0.1 million tonnesof solid waste is generated in India everyday.<br />
  3. 3. Today’s waste<br />Waste<br />Landfill<br />Transport<br />On an average 94%of all municipal solid waste is dumped in landfills.<br />
  4. 4. Today’s waste<br />Waste<br />Landfill<br />Transport<br />Expenditures on solid waste management are approximately <br />Rs.500 to Rs.1500 per tonne.<br />
  5. 5. Today’s waste at IITK<br />Households<br />Labs<br />
  6. 6. Today’s waste at IITK<br />Hostels<br />
  7. 7. Today’s waste at IITK<br />Streets<br />
  8. 8. Households<br />Organic<br />Paper<br />Sanitary<br />Plastics<br />Household<br />Home bin<br />Community bin<br />
  9. 9. Collection Staff<br />Community bin<br />Tractor<br />Landfill Site<br />
  10. 10. No segregation at Source<br /><ul><li> “Why should I?”
  11. 11. Multiple dustbins to handle
  12. 12. “It all goes to the same place anyway.”
  13. 13. “My maid won’t understand.”</li></ul>Home bin<br />Community bin<br />Household<br />
  14. 14. Conventional idea of single dustbin<br /><ul><li> Easy maintenance
  15. 15. Most of the waste comes from only one source – kitchen.</li></ul>Home bin<br />Community bin<br />Household<br />
  16. 16. Issues – Community Dustbin<br /><ul><li> Access to stray animals
  17. 17. People throw waste outside the bin.
  18. 18. Difficulty in removing waste
  19. 19. No shelter from rain</li></ul>Household<br />Home bin<br />Community bin<br />
  20. 20. Issues – Tractor<br /><ul><li> No proper tools to unload
  21. 21. Rusting
  22. 22. Difficult to clean
  23. 23. Unsafe conditions for the staff</li></ul>Community bin<br />Tractor<br />Landfill Site<br />
  24. 24. Issues – Landfill<br /><ul><li> Trenches are filled with rainwater
  25. 25. Kabadiwalas can collect only from top layer
  26. 26. Organic waste generates methane
  27. 27. Invites stray animals.</li></ul>Community bin<br />Tractor<br />Landfill Site<br />
  28. 28. The Vicious Cycle<br />Why should I segregate? It all gets mixed anyway!<br />People don’t segregate!<br />Why should there be a provision to segregate<br />
  29. 29. Creating a convenient and safe system that motivatesusers for early and maintained segregation of household solid waste with the aim of maximal utilization of materials.<br />Need Statement<br />
  30. 30. Compostable Waste<br />Compostable Waste<br />Biodegradable Bags<br />Green Bin <br />Two Conventional Bins<br />New dustbin Design<br />
  31. 31. Compostable Waste<br />Tricycles as feeder system<br />Biodegradable Bags<br />Handcarts as feeders<br />*<br />Bin is transported <br />Door to Door collection by IWD<br />
  32. 32. Compostable Waste<br />Revenue 1<br />Compost<br />Biogas<br />Conventional Tractor<br />Methanization Plant<br />*<br />Vehicles with Hydraulic Unloader<br />Straightaway Compost<br />
  33. 33. Revenue 2<br />Biogas<br />Electricity<br />To outside<br />To campus<br />
  34. 34. Recyclables & Rejects<br />Recyclables<br />Rejects<br />*<br />New compartment<br />Blue Bin <br />
  35. 35. Recyclables & Rejects<br />Blue Bin <br />Tricycles as feeder system<br />Two Conventional Bins<br />Handcarts as feeders<br />Door to Door collection by IWD<br />*<br />Bin is transported <br />New dustbin Design<br />
  36. 36. Recyclables & Rejects<br />Revenue 3<br />Recycled Material <br />Segregation Unit<br />Squashing<br />Authorized Recycling Agency<br />*<br />Conventional Tractor<br />Screening<br />Magnetic Separator<br />Conveyor belt<br />Vehicles with Hydraulic Unloader<br />Waste - pickers<br />Given away to authorized agency<br />Residue to Landfill<br />
  37. 37. Incentive Models<br />Incentive for households:<br />Free Gift Model<br />Vegetable Garden Model<br />Green Card Model<br />Incentive for workers:<br />Free Gift Model<br />Vegetable Garden Model<br />Bonus<br />
  38. 38. Total Revenue<br />
  39. 39. Awareness <br />Total Revenue<br />R & D For new designs<br />
  40. 40. Team 4 USID Gurukul Design Workshop<br />

×