The Evil Eye Defined
“an irrational belief in an event that causes another
without any natural process or logical explanation
linking the two events, especially as brining bad luck,
harm, and sometimes death” (Schoeck 193).
Scholarly SourcesPersonal Interviews
Wayne Brandy, 71, male,
Abdullah Henedi, 25, male,
Lucia Victoria (Vicky), 28,
Where does it come from?
- Social class status
- Social injustice
- Income inequality
The Evil Eye: A Casebook
“a person’s envious gaze
or look carries with it a
great deal of power that
can be harmful” (Dundes
“If someone improves his or her
economic status or buys a new
car, the person will become the
center of attraction. This is very
dangerous because people will
give him Ayn [evil eye]” (Henedi).
“you dress up a baby and take
him to the town and a woman,
who has no children or cannot
afford to buy the same clothes,
sees the baby. In this case, the
baby is most likely to be harmed
by ojo [the evil eye]” (Victoria).
America“Possessors of the evil eye
are envious. Why should I
envy someone when I, and
most of the Americans, have
the same opportunity to
succeed in life. There is
wealth equality [in America]
where everyone can get
almost everything through a
hard working” (Brandy).
The Evil Eye Culture
Evil eye possessor
Differing eyes color
Eyes too close together
Eyes set deep in head
According to scholars
Khalid Henedi (Saudi):
“Sick, vomit without
Lucia Victoria (Ecuador):
pale without any sign of
Evil Eye can cause
Ojo is not fatal
No religious treatment
Red ribbon and
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Abu-Rabia, Aref. "The Evil Eye And Cultural Beliefs Among The Bedouin Tribes Of The Negev, Middle East ." Folklore 116.3
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Al-Awadhi, Dr Ahlam. “Wonders and Secrets of Treatment by Camel Urine.” Al-Da’wa Magazine.14 April 2004. LexisNexis
Academic. Web. 2 August 2015.
Berger, Allan S. "The Evil Eye--an Ancient Superstition." Journal of Religion and Health 51.4 (2012): 1098-103. ProQuest. Web. 20
Brandy, Wayne. Personal Interview. 1 August 2015.
Dundes, Alan. The evil eye: A casebook. Vol. 2. Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1981. Print.
Farsoun, Samih K. "Class structure and social change in the Arab World." Arab Society: Class, Gender, Power, and
Development (1997): 11-28. Web. 21 July 2015.
Gershman, Boris. "The Economic Origins Of The Evil Eye Belief." Journal Of Economic Behavior & Organization 110.(2015): 119-
144. Academic Search Complete. Web. 20 July 2015.
Henedi, Khalid. Personal Interview. 31 July 2015.
Schoeck, Helmut. "The evil eye: forms and dynamics of a universal superstition." The Evil Eye: A Folklore Casebook. Ed. by A.
Dundes. New York: Garland Publishing Inc (1981): 192-200. PDF
Victoria, Lucia. Personal Interview. 31 July 2015.
Weller, Susan C., et al. "Variation And Persistence In Latin American Beliefs About Evil Eye." Cross-Cultural Research (2015): 174-
203. Academic Search Complete. Web. 2 Aug. 2015.