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Networked Learning Conference 2012

My presentation in NLC2012, 2-4 April in Maastricht, Netherlands.

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Networked Learning Conference 2012

  1. 1. Emerging Technologies and New Learning Ecologies: Learners’Perceptions of Learning in Open and Networked Environments Mohsen Saadatmand, Kristiina Kumpulainen
  2. 2. Emerging Technologies and Education PARTICAPTION Digital Literacies Digital Scholarship CREATIONSHARING Open and Networked Learning  Ubiquitous Learning Distributed Learning Environments
  4. 4. The abundance and the learner’s choices!
  5. 5. Open Educational Practices (OEP)
  6. 6. Open Digital Networked Scholarship• Exploiting the digital networks• New forms of dissemination and communication• Embracing the affordances of new technologies (Conole 2012) (Weller, Ed-Media 2011)
  7. 7. The Study• The nature of learning in open and networked environments, learning activities and experiences of participants in open online courses
  8. 8. Methodology• Research desgin• Research context and participants• Data collection
  9. 9. Qualitative Ethnographic Research Online Ethnography Adapting ethnographic techniques in online contexts Auto-ethnography Active participation, Researcher’s experience• Virtual Ethnography (Hine, 2000)• Netnography (Kozinets, 2010)
  10. 10. Data Collection• Online survey (low rate response!)• Online semi-structured interviewing (12 interviews)• Online public data (blogs, FB groups …)• Participant observation• Auto-ethnography
  11. 11. Theoretical Framework• Networked learning ( Goodyear et al. 2005, Jarche 2010, Siemens 2005, 2008, De Laat 2006)• Learning ecology ( Brown 2000, Barron 2006, Spires et al. 2009, Greenhow et al. 2009, Siemens 2003)• Rhizomatic learning (Cormier 2008,2011, Engestrom 2007, Tella 2000, Conole 2012)
  12. 12. Networked Learning • A genre of technologically-mediated learning in which social media and web technologies are used to promote connections between learner, human resources, content resources and learning communities and keep continually dealing with ever-increasing amount of digital information (Goodyear et al. 2005, Jarche 2010, Siemens 2005, 2008, De Laat 2006).Image source:
  13. 13. Rhizomatic Learning• Knowledge is negotiated, and the contextual, collaborative learning experience shared by constructivist and connectivist pedagogies is a social as well as a personal knowledge- creation process (Cormier 2008).• The mycorrhizae-like nature of connections and interaction in networks and communities (Engestrom 2007).• Innumerable number of rhizomatic connections and learning in the rhizome characterizes global connectivity bringing a lot of responsibility for organizing your own learning environment (Tella 2000). Image:
  14. 14. Learning EcologyA new learning ecology • A metaphor to describe an environment for learning. A collection of overlappingfor a new educational communities of interest (virtual), cross-era pollinating with each other, constantly evolving, and largely self-organizing New Learning Ecologies are (Brown, 2000). contextualized, variable, com • Set of contexts found in physical or virtual plex, and dynamic. spaces that provide opportunities for learning, which may include Spires et al. 2009 formal, informal, and non-formal settings (Barron 2006). • Learning ecology perspective as useful in conceptualizing learning & teaching across Web 2.0 spaces of home, school, work, and community (Greenhow et al. 2009).Image source:
  15. 15. New learning Ecology Spires et al. 2009
  16. 16. PLE is… “Various tools to connect with people and resources and conversations you know ... I seethe PLE various technologies in terms of process and organization.”“ PLE is not just a personal space but also social landscape to promote various networkingprocesses and how a learner can personalize the sets of tools, services and resources.Participants of the online courses see PLE as tools that enable them during learning andinteraction.” “My PLE is always includes my laptop, or some mobile device which is connected to theinternet and when I am working I have this laptop and I go around my student bringing mylaptop and I usually discuss subjects with them.” “To me a PLE is just jargon for the collection of tools and individual uses to organizeresources in a web-based environment. If you extended its meaning, it would also includeclassrooms, television programs, hallway meetings, etc. As a collection of tools, PLEs havethe characteristics of being controlled by the individual learner, and represent thatindividual’s approach to material and social or professional connections .
  17. 17. • Aggregating• Knowledge • Creating content pull • Reflecting• Social • Commenting bookmarking • Sharing• Annotating PLE• Social networking • Co-creating• Professional • Collaborative networking working• Connecting Tools and Processes in a PLE
  18. 18. Choice of Toolssocial-media-bandwagon.jpg Blogs Twitter YouTube Facebook RSS
  19. 19. (Couros 2011)
  20. 20. TwitterTwitter was the main tool used by many of the participants.- It is the best tool to be connected and to share ideas and post it to the network ifsomething needed to be asked: “Twitter I think the best tool for networking because I got a lot of contacts through twitter,networking with people that you haven’t even met before, just people having the same professionalarea as yourself .” “instant gratification of being connected to well renowned educators”- Seeking help and problem solving:“... I tweeted the people can you please help me in this and this one of my colleagues which Ifollow on twitter and she tweeted things. So people kept mentioning things to me and advising meto use things and I really found a lot of help.”
  21. 21. BloggingBlogging was seen as one of the best way of reflecting on learning and keeping in touch with others“I had been contacted by some people just because I am blogging on some topics … that’s I mean amazing. I like that very much.”
  22. 22. Learning in open and networked environments is…
  23. 23. Connected… Being connected through various tools and media to different people, networks and resources is at the heart of learning in open and networked environments. It also includes connectedness in real life. openness is the key...Image source: rhizome-radar-21305479.gif
  24. 24. Disruptive… In such unstructured learning settings many participants found learning sort of challenging and disruptive which means that it is difficult to manage all learning activities and the level of interactions.Image source:
  25. 25. Self-organized…Dealing with and immersed in a huge abundance ofresources, tools and possibilities needs sort of self-organization; how to learn, which tools andresources to use, which readings to gothrough, how to make networking and how todevelop connections.
  26. 26. Emergent… Learning in open and networked environments is unpredictable and unprecedented. Learning activities and interactions are rhizomatically growing and the predictability of learning patterns during the course of learning is not as usual. It’s the potential and affordances of participatory media that provide such opportunities for emergence… (William et al, 2011)Image source:
  27. 27. Learners expected to create, grow, expand domain and share personalsensemaking through artifact-creation Learning in open, digital and networked environments! Sensemaking and Wayfinding in complex environments Distributed, chaotic, emergent (Siemens 2012) Image source: networks-matter
  28. 28. 3Ss (Jarche 2010)
  29. 29. Questions, Comments Mohsen Saadatmandsaadatmand.m@gmail.comhttp// Twitter: @saadat_m