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C:\Fakepath\Skin Cancer


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C:\Fakepath\Skin Cancer

  1. 1. Skin Cancer<br />How you can prevent becoming a victim....<br />
  2. 2. Our enemy- The Sun’sUV rays Australia has one of the highest incidences of skin cancer in the world <br />
  3. 3. Examples of types of skin cancer<br />Melanoma<br />Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)<br />
  4. 4. Skin Cancer Facts<br />In Australia, every year:<br />80% of all newly diagnosed cancers.<br />2/3 diagnosed by age of 70.<br />> 1 million patient consultations per year for skin cancer. <br />more than 10,000 people are treated for melanoma, of which around 1250 die.<br />melanoma is the most common cancer in people aged 15-44 years.<br />melanoma is the third most common cancer in both women and men.<br />
  5. 5. Examples of skin cancers<br />What is skin cancer?<br />Skin cancer occurs when skin cells are damaged, for example, by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. Between 95 and 99% of skin cancers in Australia are caused by exposure to the sun.<br />Types of skin cancer- 3 main<br />melanoma – the most dangerous<br />basal cell carcinoma*<br />squamous cell carcinoma*<br />*non-melanoma skin cancer.<br />
  6. 6. <ul><li>Early Detection</li></ul>sooner identified and treated, chance of avoiding surgery serious melanoma or other skin cancer, potential disfigurement or even death<br />Check your skin regularly to pick up any changes that might suggest a skin cancer. Look for:<br />any crusty, non-healing sores<br />small lumps that are red, pale or pearly in colour<br />new spots, freckles or any moles changing in colour, thickness or shape over a period of weeks to months (especially those dark brown to black, red or blue-black in colour).<br />If you notice any changes consult your doctor immediately. Your doctor may perform a biopsy (remove a small sample of tissue for examination under a microscope)or refer you to a specialist if he/she suspects a skin cancer.<br />
  7. 7. Treatment<br /><ul><li>Removal of cancer only
  8. 8. Remove cancer & surrounding tissue – removing ALL cancerous cells.
  9. 9. Ointments or radiation therapy.
  10. 10. They can also be removed with surgery (usually under a local anaesthetic), cryotherapy (using liquid nitrogen to rapidly freeze the cancer off), curettage (scraping) or cautery (burning).</li></li></ul><li>Preventing skin cancer<br />Protect your skin<br />Slip on some sun-protective clothing – that covers as much skin as possible<br />Slopon broad spectrum, water resistant SPF30+ sunscreen 20 minutes prior<br />Slap on hat<br />Seekshade<br />Slideon e sunglasses –Australian Standards<br />Avoid sun 10am and 3pm UV levels highest.<br />Applying sunscreen<br />Apply sunscreen liberally – at least a teaspoon for each limb<br />Sun protection and babies<br />First 12 months keep babies out of sun. <br />
  11. 11. Sun Protection Products<br />UV protective clothing<br />Hats- wide brimmed<br />Sunscreen<br />Sunglasses<br />Cosmetics<br />Sun shelters<br />Car window tinting<br />
  12. 12. Eye Protection<br />UV radiation-> cataracts and cancer of conjunctiva<br />Check Australian Standard (AS/NZ 1067:2003) for glasses labelled UV400 or EPF (Eye Protection Factor) 9 or 10<br />
  13. 13. SunSmart Alert<br />
  14. 14. Don’t get one of these....<br />
  15. 15. References<br />SunSmart®<br />Cancer Council Australia<br />Wikipedia<br />