Key people• Piaget: Much of the C ognitive Theory of learning is built around Piaget’s key ideas and s tages of development• G agne and Dic k’s 1983 s tudy pres ents that c ognitive ps yc hology is made up of three s ubgroups : metacognition (or the c ognitive s trategies of learning/remembering; knowledge of one’s own cognition), s c hemata (bas ic ally means how our knowledge is repres ented in our memory), and s tages of s kill ac quis ition (cognitive or “ dec larative knowledge” , as s ociative or “ proc edural knowledge” , and autonomous or “ doing without thinking” )
Key points• B as ic ally, how do people learn? (aptitude, learning s tyles ; bas is of c ons tructivis m)• Foc us on inner mental abilities• Knowledge can be s een as s c hema, or s ymbolic mental c ons truc tions
• G es talt Theories – The idea that cognitive re-s tructuring takes place before the behavior becomes apparent• C ognitivis m res ponds to the idea of behavioris m; people are not animals to be trained, they have rational thought• Metaphor of mind as a computer• Large foc us on problem-s olving and c ognitive s kills
• Example of Gestalt Theory: Is it two faces or a vase?
C las s room implications• S tudents can be taught how to think and make cons cious decis ions• The s tages of s kill acquis ition can be obs erved and s caffolded• Learning can be organized to focus on s upplementing problem s olving and cognitive s kills s o as to bring out neces s ary behaviors• S tudents can be enabled to know how to us e technology in their education-they can learn proces s es , res earch techniques , and problem s olving s trategies• Technology can therefore open the doors to more knowledge
• Once s tudents learn and gain an unders tanding, it is permanent
What do I think about this theory for my own teaching• I will use the knowledge I can gain from the Constructivist theory to help teach my students how to think critically• Thinking critically will enable them to answer questions and solve problems throughout their education• I can use technology to help foster thought processing and organization in my students
S ources• http://www.learning-theories .com/cognitivis m.html - Information on C ognitive Theories - Image 3• Bonner, J odi (1998). Implications of cognitive theory for ins tructional des ign. Educational Communication and Technolog y J ournal, (36)1, 4-14 - Deeper information on C ognitive Theories and how ps ychologis ts have influenced this theory• http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/ges talt.htm - Information on C ognitive Theories - Piaget’s theories - Image 2• http://ktripp-techtalk4teachers .blogs pot .com/2010/11/cognitive-tools -to-enhance-learning.html - Image 1