CMD OTC Mitigation

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Mitigation process overview

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CMD OTC Mitigation

  1. 1. Mitigation Reduce the Impact
  2. 2. The Wider View <ul><li>“ Disasters, particularly catastrophic ones, can do more than impose deaths, injuries, and dollar losses. They can also redirect the character of social institutions, result in permanent new and costly regulations for future generations, alter ecosystems, and even disturb the stability of political regimes. Costs like these rarely, if ever, are counted as part of disaster impacts.” </li></ul><ul><li>Dennis Mileti </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why?? <ul><li>“Mitigate and where you cannot mitigate, prepare, respond, and recover.” </li></ul><ul><li>Cycle of Emergency Management </li></ul>
  4. 4. Costs <ul><li>Before 1987, there was only one disaster that exceeded $1 billion dollars </li></ul><ul><li>1960s: $40 billion </li></ul><ul><li>1970s: $70 billion </li></ul><ul><li>1980s: $120 billion </li></ul><ul><li>1990s: $608 billion </li></ul>
  5. 5. Low Priority <ul><li>“I will never lose my job for failing to do mitigation, but I could lose my job if I mess up a response.” </li></ul><ul><li>State Director of Emergency Management </li></ul>
  6. 6. Non-traditional Players <ul><li>Land-use planners, </li></ul><ul><li>Construction and building officials </li></ul><ul><li>Business owners, </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance Companies </li></ul><ul><li>Community Leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Politicians </li></ul><ul><li>“ The U.S. political system tends to focus on short-term rewards.” (Haddow) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Definition <ul><li>“A sustained action to reduce or eliminate risk to people and property from hazards and their effects.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hazard vs. Risk. vs. Disaster <ul><li>Source of danger that may or may not lead to an emergency or disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Susceptibility to death, injury, damage, destruction, disruption, stoppage, and so forth </li></ul><ul><li>Event that demands substantial crisis response requiring the use of government powers and resources beyond the scope of one line agency </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>“Understanding the risk posed by identified hazards is the basis for preparedness planning and mitigation actions.” FEMA </li></ul><ul><li>“All emergency management activities are predicated on the identification and assessment of hazards and risks.” FEMA </li></ul>
  10. 10. Federal Encouragement <ul><li>Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Requires that states maintain mitigation plans as a prerequisite for certain federal mitigation funding and disaster assistance programs </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mitigation Programs <ul><li>Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) </li></ul><ul><li>Flood Mitigation Assistance Program (FMA) </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program (PDM) </li></ul><ul><li>Repetitive Flood Claims Grant Program (RFC) </li></ul><ul><li>Severe Repetitive Loss Program (SRL) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Mitigation Steps (Risk Assessment) <ul><li>Community Profile </li></ul><ul><li>Identified Assets </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Capabilities Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation Strategies </li></ul>
  13. 13. 1) Community Profile <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Topography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soils </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government/Business Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Demographics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Past Growth Trends/Future Forecasts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Socio-economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Current goals/mission </li></ul>
  14. 14. 2) Identified Assets <ul><li>Inventory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Essential Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residential Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public/Business Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assess Value </li></ul>
  15. 15. Additional Private Assets <ul><li>Market share </li></ul><ul><li>Popular product </li></ul><ul><li>Important customer </li></ul><ul><li>Important vendor </li></ul><ul><li>Critical files </li></ul><ul><li>Scott-Martinet </li></ul>
  16. 16. 3) Hazards Analysis <ul><li>Earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme Heat </li></ul><ul><li>Tornado </li></ul><ul><li>Flood </li></ul><ul><li>Severe Thunderstorm </li></ul><ul><li>Winter Storm </li></ul><ul><li>Sinkholes </li></ul><ul><li>Dam Failure </li></ul><ul><li>Wildfire </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous Material </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Warfare </li></ul><ul><li>Pandemic Flu </li></ul><ul><li>Biological </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Radiological </li></ul>
  17. 17. Hazards Analysis Detail <ul><li>Hazard Identification </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Future Probable Risk </li></ul>
  18. 18. Probable Risk (Frequency) <ul><li>Highly likely (Near 100% probability in the next year) </li></ul><ul><li>Likely (Between 10% and 100% probability in the next year, or at least one chance in the next 10 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Possible (Between 1% and 10% probability in the next year, or at least one chance in the next 100 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Unlikely (Less than 1% probability in the next 100 years) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Hazards Analysis Detail <ul><li>Hazard Identification </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Future Probable Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Future Probable Warning Time </li></ul>
  20. 20. Warning Time <ul><li>Minimal: No warning time or little preparation time </li></ul><ul><li>6-12 hours </li></ul><ul><li>12-24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>24+ hours </li></ul>
  21. 21. Hazards Analysis Detail <ul><li>Hazard Identification </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Future Probable Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Future Probable Warning Time </li></ul><ul><li>Future Probable Severity </li></ul>
  22. 22. Probable Severity Less than 10% of property is severely damaged More than 10% of property is severely damaged More than 25% of property is severely damaged More than 50% of property is severely damaged Shutdown of critical facilities and services for 24 hours or less Complete shutdown of critical facilities for more than 1 week Complete shutdown of critical facilities for at least 2 weeks Complete shutdown of facilities for 30 days or more Injuries and/or illnesses are treatable with first aid Injuries and/or illnesses do not result in permanent disability Injuries and/or illnesses result in permanent disability Multiple Deaths Negligible Limited Critical Catastrophic
  23. 23. Hazards Analysis Detail <ul><li>Hazard Identification </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Future Probable Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Future Probable Warning Time </li></ul><ul><li>Future Probable Severity </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on Community </li></ul><ul><li>Summarized on Hazard Profile Worksheet </li></ul>
  24. 24. 4) Vulnerability Analysis <ul><li>Identified Assets Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards’ Analysis Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability Analysis </li></ul>
  25. 25. 4a) Summarize Identified Assets <ul><li>Inventory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Essential Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residential Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public/Business Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assess Value </li></ul>
  26. 26. Chart Summary Number of People Total Replacement Costs Critical Facilities (areas) 50 $1 million Fire Department 50 $1 million Police Department 20 $500,000 City Hall
  27. 27. Vulnerability Analysis <ul><li>Identified Assets Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards’ Analysis Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability Analysis </li></ul>
  28. 28. 4b) Hazards Analysis Summary 2 Floodplains present throughout community. Flash flooding likely Catastrophic Critical Limited Negligible Min. 6-12 12-24 24+ Highly Likely Likely Possible Unlikely Floods Sig. regional historical record. Small concentration of infrastructure Water source dependent on two wells Special Notes 1 Catastrophic Critical Limited Negligible Min. 6-12 12-24 24+ Highly Likely Likely Possible Unlikely Tornado 3 Catastrophic Critical Limited Negligible Min. 6-12 12-24 24+ Highly Likely Likely Possible Unlikely Drought Risk Priority Sev. Warn. Time Freq Hazard
  29. 29. Vulnerability Analysis <ul><li>Identified Assets Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards’ Analysis Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability Analysis </li></ul>
  30. 30. 4c) Vulnerability Analysis <ul><li>“May show estimated dollar lost each day when operations are completely down, costs of overtime to re-establish functions, and cost-benefit analyses of mitigating or controlling particular hazards.” </li></ul><ul><li>Scott-Martinet p. 37 </li></ul>
  31. 31. Capabilities Assessment <ul><li>Current capabilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operationally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logistically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training/Exercises </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Current mitigation position </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Codes/Regulations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mitigation Activities accomplished </li></ul>
  32. 32. Mitigation Strategies <ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Property Protection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquisition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relocation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebuilding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Floodproofing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Education and Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resource protection </li></ul><ul><li>Critical facilities protection </li></ul><ul><li>Structural projects </li></ul>
  33. 33. Mitigation Strategies <ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce vulnerability to drought </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>S.M.A.R.T. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tasks </li></ul>
  34. 34. Private Impact Analysis <ul><li>Health and safety of persons in the affected area </li></ul><ul><li>Health and safety of persons responding to the incident </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuity of operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Property, facilities, and infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivery of services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic and financial conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulatory and contractual obligations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reputation of or confidence in the entity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scott-Martinet </li></ul>
  35. 35. Benefit-Costs Analysis

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