Key Factors Leading to Wind Energy Development in Spain Carlos Rymer MPA-Environmental Science and Policy School of Intern...
Agenda <ul><li>Country Profile </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish Electricity Market </li></ul><ul><li>Research Goals </li></ul...
Country Profile <ul><li>Located in Southwestern Europe (40.5 million people) </li></ul><ul><li>GDP was $1.4 trillion in 20...
The Changing Electricity Mix Results for  Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry Source : EIA...
Legislative History <ul><li>Due to EU Directive, Spain liberalized the electricity sector in 1997 with the Electric Power ...
Institutional Framework Results for  Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry Source : EIA, 2005
Wind Energy Installations Results for  Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry
Goals of Research Project <ul><li>Analyze the business and political environment of the Spanish wind energy industry. </li...
Methodology <ul><li>Secondary Research </li></ul><ul><li>Lexis-Nexis articles (1990-2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarly arti...
Findings Results for  Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry
Conclusions <ul><li>Spain’s wind energy industry was a result of the need for job creation, energy independence, greenhous...
Questions? <ul><li>Please contact at  [email_address] .  </li></ul>Results for  Global Winds of Change: The Development of...
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Key Factors Leading To The Spanish Wind Energy Development

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Key Factors Leading To The Spanish Wind Energy Development

  1. 1. Key Factors Leading to Wind Energy Development in Spain Carlos Rymer MPA-Environmental Science and Policy School of International and Public Affairs Columbia University Results for Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Country Profile </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish Electricity Market </li></ul><ul><li>Research Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Findings </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>Results for Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry
  3. 3. Country Profile <ul><li>Located in Southwestern Europe (40.5 million people) </li></ul><ul><li>GDP was $1.4 trillion in 2007 (3.8% growth rate) </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment was 8.3% in 2007, but higher now due to global financial crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Leading sectors are tourism, textiles, metals, food and beverages, chemicals, and automakers </li></ul>Results for Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry Source : CIA World Factbook
  4. 4. The Changing Electricity Mix Results for Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry Source : EIA, 2005; 2008
  5. 5. Legislative History <ul><li>Due to EU Directive, Spain liberalized the electricity sector in 1997 with the Electric Power Law </li></ul><ul><li>1998 Royal Decree created Special Regime with feed-in tariff that included wind energy </li></ul><ul><li>1999-2010 National Renewable Energy Plan contemplates for wind energy to supply 12% of electricity demand </li></ul>Results for Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry
  6. 6. Institutional Framework Results for Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry Source : EIA, 2005
  7. 7. Wind Energy Installations Results for Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry
  8. 8. Goals of Research Project <ul><li>Analyze the business and political environment of the Spanish wind energy industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Determine what factors played an important role in the growth of the Spanish wind energy industry. </li></ul>Results for Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry
  9. 9. Methodology <ul><li>Secondary Research </li></ul><ul><li>Lexis-Nexis articles (1990-2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarly articles </li></ul><ul><li>Reports by NGOs and bilateral organizations </li></ul>Results for Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry <ul><li>Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Greenpeace-Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Navarra’s Department of Innovation, Enterprise, and Employment </li></ul><ul><li>World Futures Council </li></ul>Strategy : Find key statistics from secondary research and determine factors important to policy outcomes and industry growth from interviews.
  10. 10. Findings Results for Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry
  11. 11. Conclusions <ul><li>Spain’s wind energy industry was a result of the need for job creation, energy independence, greenhouse gas reductions, and economic development. </li></ul><ul><li>Other key factors included an apolitical government willing to work with the private sector and the public to design appropriate policy, educational efforts by NGOs, and regional political influence. </li></ul><ul><li>Country’s with heavy reliance on imported fuels, available labor force and wind resources, and enough financial resources can develop wind energy production and manufacturing capacity. </li></ul>Results for Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry
  12. 12. Questions? <ul><li>Please contact at [email_address] . </li></ul>Results for Global Winds of Change: The Development of the Wind Energy Industry

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