Heartstrings and Economic Gravity

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Migration in Canada's Local Health Regions

Thesis presentation toward the Masters in Local Economic Development, University of Waterloo. This presentation explores patterns of local migration in Canada from an economic and social perspective.

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  • Hello, I’m glad to be back in Waterloo, if only for a couple days. Amanda and I had a great trip up…introductions? My major research paper all started as a joke…well a number of jokes, one of which goes like this: What you might know from spending time with a New Brunswicker, an islander, a bluenoser or a newf is that joke and story telling are a key part of the tight-knit social fabric in many Atl. Can. Communities. Unfortunately you may have also noticed that jokes like these often reflect a profound migration to the “big city”. In the Atl. Region and beyond, a tug of war is tearing apart Canada’s economically-depressed yet socially-strong communities.
  • Heartstrings and Economic Gravity

    1. 1. Heartstrings and Economic Gravity Migration in Canada’s Local Health Regions
    2. 2. Why is this research important? PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS
    3. 3. PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS Migration is customarily conceptualized as a product of the material forces at work in our society… (Fielding, 1992, p 201).
    4. 4. PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS culture society personal biographies interpersonal ties
    5. 5. PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS
    6. 6. Three Questions <ul><li>How strongly do economic and social considerations weigh on the migration patterns of youth, young families, immigrants, and older migrants? </li></ul><ul><li>How do a community’s social capital and economic circumstances determine its success in the competition for migrating talent? </li></ul><ul><li>How can economic developers appeal to multiple migration motivations? </li></ul>PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS
    7. 7. Migration Theory <ul><li>Cumulative </li></ul><ul><li>Biographical </li></ul><ul><li>Nested </li></ul><ul><li>Tiered </li></ul>PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS
    8. 8. Canada – Some Facts <ul><li>Movers are young, single and rural </li></ul><ul><li>75% of immigrants choose big cities </li></ul><ul><li>“ Efficiency” is highest in the wealthiest provinces </li></ul><ul><li>Low in-migration tends to be a greater problem than high out-migration </li></ul>PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS
    9. 9. Social Capital <ul><li>Connectedness can provide for collaborative outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Bonding can also create closed communities </li></ul><ul><li>Double-edged sword: reducing migration efficiency? </li></ul>PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS
    10. 10. PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS How did I conduct the research?
    11. 11. PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS
    12. 12. Independent Variables PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS Putnam-esce Social Capital Indicators Sense of Belonging Teen Sense of Belonging Twenty-something Sense of Belonging Volunteer Membership Teen Volunteer Membership Twenty-something Volunteer Membership Volunteer Participation Social Dance Ice Hockey Golfing Bowling Baseball/Softball Tennis Volleyball Basketball Soccer Economic Indicators Income Adequacy Long-term Unemployment Rate Average Personal Income Government Transfer Income Market-size Indicators Population in a CMA Urban Population Rural Population Population Density
    13. 13. Dependent Variables PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS Cohort Age Children (Families) 5 - 9 Teens 15 - 19 Early-Twenties 20 - 24 Late-Twenties 25 - 29 Early-downshifters 50 - 54 Late-downshifters 55 - 59 Pre-retirement 60 - 64 Recently-Retired 65 – 69 Immigrants families youth older migrants immigrants
    14. 14. Dependent Variables PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS
    15. 15. Correlation PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient Interpretation Association Absolute r-value Perfect (P) 1.000 Strong (S) 0.750 – 0.999 Moderately Strong (M) 0.500 – 0.749 Weak (W) 0.001 – 0.499 None (N) 0.000
    16. 16. What PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS were the results?
    17. 17. <ul><li>“ Sense of belonging” is higher in less-dense, economically weak regions. </li></ul><ul><li>Tennis, basketball and soccer participation are higher in denser, economically strong regions. </li></ul>PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS
    18. 18. Legend PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS Economic Prosperity Market-size Social Connectedness + -
    19. 19. Immigrants PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS Economic Prosperity Market-size Social Connectedness + +
    20. 20. Youth PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS Economic Prosperity Market-size Social Connectedness + + -
    21. 21. Children (Families) PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS Economic Prosperity Market-size Social Connectedness +
    22. 22. Older Migrants PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS Economic Prosperity Market-size Social Connectedness
    23. 23. PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS What does this mean for regions?
    24. 24. Further Research <ul><li>Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs </li></ul><ul><li>Component decisions (employment, housing, child rearing) </li></ul><ul><li>Decision roles and styles </li></ul><ul><li>Evoked sets of destination choices </li></ul><ul><li>Pricing migration decisions </li></ul>PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS
    25. 25. PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS What have I learned about Social Capital?
    26. 26. Seducing Migrants PURPOSE CONTEXT METHOD RESULTS CONCLUSIONS
    27. 27. Thank you Questions & Discussion

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