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Vietnam war course and conduct


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Vietnam war course and conduct

  1. 1. The Vietnam War:Course and ConductLO: To analyze the tactics used by both sides in the Vietnam War
  2. 2. RecapMatch each event/concept from last lesson toits definition/explanationIt is a race against the other groups
  3. 3. Question 1• A poor feudal nation had beaten a great colonial power . . . It meant a lot; not just to us but to people all over the world.• Viet Minh commander Vo Nguyen Giap commenting on the victory over ______ in 1954. What best goes in the gap?C) The United StatesD) Western PowersE) The FrenchF) The United States and the FrenchG) Dien Bien Phu
  4. 4. Q2:Hypothesis: Vietnamese Guerrilla Tacticswere effective against modern nations in a war. Which set of facts best supports?1. The French lost 3000 dead in the battle and 8000 more died in captivity.2. The Viet Minh forces had defeated the French in open battle with the help of modern weapons from the USSR and China.3. A small Asian state had defeated a rich European state through a combination of effective leadership, the right tactics and sheer determination (for example, at Dien Bien Phu, the equipment and supplies for the 40,000 Viet Minh soldiers were carried by hand by peasants).4. At the 1954 peace conference held in Geneva, the country was effectively divided into North and South Vietnam until elections could be held to decide its future. A) 1 and 2 B) 1 and 4 C) 2 and 3 D) 3 only
  5. 5. Q3 - Robert McNamara, US Defence Secretary, explaining in 1964 why he supported the policy of sending US troops to Vietnam.• “First is the simple fact that South Vietnam, a member of the free world family, is striving to preserve its independence from Communist attack. ii) Second, South East Asia has great significance in the forward defence of the USA. iii) For Hanoi, the immediate object is limited: conquest of the south and national unification. iv) For Peking, however, Hanoi’s victory would only be a first step towards eventual Chinese dominance of the two Vietnams and South East Asia and v) towards exploitation of the new strategy in other parts of the world.”• Hypothesis: Domino Theory explains best the strategic rationale behind American involvement in Vietnam. Which items from McNamara’s remark best support this hypothesis?• A) i and ii B) ii and iii C) iv and ii D) ii, iv, v E) i and iii F) another combination
  6. 6. Main Points: US Tactics Strategic Hamlets Search and Destroy Bombing: Use of Chemical Weapons What do their tactics reveal about their response to their enemy and the nature of their own society?
  7. 7. Main Points: Vietcong TacticsGuerrilla WarfareUnderground tunnelsUse of peasant populationWhat do their tactics reveal about their societyand how they reacted to US tactics?
  8. 8. Key Points• Gulf of Tonkin• US troops arrive• Operation Rolling Thunder (bombing of North Vietnam)• Make sure you have concrete facts you can use for any question that comes up