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L3 gandhi


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L3 gandhi

  1. 1. GandhiIB Higher Level History
  2. 2. Learning ObjectiveTo assess the role Gandhi played in thedevelopment of the Indian NationalistMovement up to 1922
  3. 3. Intro: Gandhi: Overview• v=mVwCeGxTN-A
  4. 4. Early Life: India to S.Africa• v=SNmJqRV7LOA&feature=related• Development of skills, philosophy, and tactics
  5. 5. Return from India• Supportive of Britain in WW1/Major theme of speeches• Accepts the Kaiser I Hind medal for his services to the Indian community in S.Africa• Turns against Britain complete due to the Rowlatt Act and Dyer’s actions at Amritsar
  6. 6. Beliefssatyagraha (devotion to truth), a non-violentway to redress wrongstransformed the Indian National Congress,his programme of peaceful non-cooperationwith the British included boycotts of Britishgoods and institutions, leading to arrests ofthousands
  7. 7. Methods•• v=TLHTC0EJt1M&feature=related
  8. 8. 1922• Just before start of full campaign of civil disobedience• Gandhi learns of 22 policemen being burned alive in Gorakhpur• Suspends entire movement.• Shortly afterwards he ends up in jail with a 6 year sentence
  9. 9. Results?-Did the tacticswork? Copland“Congress emerged from the experience of Non Cooperation greatly strengthened”“Before 1920 Congress had been an elite body, dominated by the professional middle classes from the presidencies of Bengal and Bombay; after 1920 it became a mass organisation,preponderantly a vehicle of the urban commercial classes and the rich peasants of Gujarat, the Andhra region of Madras, the United Provinces (UP) and Bihar.”
  10. 10. Why? (Copland)• Strongest pillar of the Raj was that the majority supported it (or at least assented)• Gandhi saw that he didn’t yet have mass support and made a tactical withdrawal “Accepting that he had badly miscalculated, in 1922 Gandhi mixed pragmatism with high- mindedness and called a halt while the movements structure and morale remained intact.” -Copland
  11. 11. • 1. Early background• 2. S.Africa Review• 3. Swaraj definition? Quiz/Use in 4.Satyagraha definition? Diagram•• 5.View of technology/Cities• 6. Peasant Appeal?• 7. Political skills/Leadership by 1920?• 8. Reaction to Amritsar Massacre and Rowlett act?• 9. Civil disobedience campaign of 1920-22• 10. Conclusion: Impact up to 1922
  12. 12. Now use the LearningObjective to Plan anEssay• To assess the role Gandhi played in the development of the Indian Nationalist Movement up to 1922
  13. 13. Analyse this opening paragraphin the development of the Indian“Gandhi played a key role nationalist movement through his role in creating a groundswell of cross class support for swarj or self rule. His early political training in S.Africa developed his personal skills and vision and after his return to India he was able to use these to have a huge impact. These skills and his personal charisma meant that Gandhi could appeal to Indians of all social classes equally and crucially to urban dwellers and rural peasants. His commitment to nonviolence gave his beliefs moral weight and in turn meant that his impact extended far beyond India itself. By 1922, despite some outbreaks of violence, he had built on the foundations laid by Tilak and Besant, to become the recognized leader of the Indian national congress and also of a truly mass national movement committed to swarj or self rule for India.”
  14. 14. • Look forsentencefollowing:key A clear opening the which states the point of the paragraph• Facts supporting the opening sentence• Relevant names, statistics and dates• Analytical links, e.g.: ‘Which in turn meant…..’, ‘this situation created…’ and ‘that was lead to..’• A final linking sentence which builds on the opening sentence and leads us forward to the next paragraph• AVOID GENERALITIES• 5-7 paragraphs is about right for full exam essay