p305_pp07

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p305_pp07

  1. 1. Criminal Justice 2011Class Name,Instructor NameDate, Semester
  2. 2. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedHEINZ DILEMMA• Making the right choice• Wife’s life• Druggists interests• Conscience2
  3. 3. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedMORAL DEVELOPMENT• Morality- Evolves in a series of stages• Three levels3
  4. 4. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedKOHLBERG’S STAGES OF MORALDEVELOPMENTLevel 1: Pre-conventional Morality•Stage 1: Punishment and obedience•Stage 2: instrumental purpose andexchange4
  5. 5. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedSTAGE 1Punishment and obedience orientationAges 1-10• Self-interests - self-focused morality• Abides by rules• Understands based on consequences5
  6. 6. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedSTAGE 2The instrumental purpose and exchangeorientation•Egoism•Morals further self-interest•Reciprocity6
  7. 7. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedKOHLBERG’S STAGES OF MORALDEVELOPMENTLevel 2: Conventional morality•Stage 3: Interpersonal expectations and conformity•Stage 4: Law and order/social system maintenance7
  8. 8. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedSTAGE 3Interpersonal expectations and conformityAge 10• Concern for social rules• Conformity• Meet expectations of others8
  9. 9. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedSTAGE 4The law and order orientation• Interest in laws• Need for laws• Respect for authorityStages 1 - 4 reflect natural development9
  10. 10. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedKOHLBERG’S STAGES OF MORALDEVELOPMENTLevel 3: Post-conventional morality•Stage 5: Social Contract/Utility/Rights•Stage 6: Universal Ethical Principles10
  11. 11. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedSTAGE 5Social contract/legalism• Social good• Individual rights• Democratic procedures• Thinking vs. unthinking process11
  12. 12. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedSTAGE 6Universal ethical principles• Most advanced• Few reach this stage• Fair and just• Civil disobedience12
  13. 13. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedHOW DOES MORALITY DEVELOP?Characteristics of Police Practitioners with Education• More thought flexibility• Social awareness and diversity sensitive• Accept minorities• Understanding of human behavior• Empathetic• Communicators• Critical thinking• Tolerance toward others• Ethical13
  14. 14. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedQUESTIONAre there Gender Differences?14
  15. 15. © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, IncUpper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights ReservedGilligan’s Ethics of CareMorals• Pre-conventional• Conventional• Post conventional15

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