This concept of the soul capable of life separate from the body indicates the author’s exposure to the Greek’s thought. Jews saw the person as a whole, inseperable being. When physical life was over there was no way for a person to live on, except for in people’s memories. Greeks introduced the concept of body & soul. This indication brought the possibility of life beyond death. Any Jewish conception of life after death had more to do with the rare event of restoring people to earthly life.
The book of Sirach depicts wisdom as a woman who was with God at creation.Deeply concerned with the history of Israel, its heroes and its institutions.According to Sirach, wisdom’s home is in Israel.Wisdom is found specifically in the teachings of Israel as given by God.Keeping the commandments is a way of wisdom.The advice given in the Book of Sirach is full of wisdom for us as it was for ancients.
Chapter 24 of the Sirach is one of the greatest writings about wisdom in the Bible.Sirach says wisdom comes from the mouth of God to make her dwelling with Jacob’s people
Wisdom tests you with difficulties. Times of difficulty can be seed times, times for growing strong.
The Song of Songs is one of the wisdom books but it is very different from all the others.The song of Songs is a book of love poems written by unknown authors
Feast celebrated by the Jews, it honors the courage of Esther who overcame her fears to save her people.One of the feasts that Jesus must have celebrated as a child.Gets its name from the lot Pur- which Drew Haman to determine the date of the slaughter of the Jews.
The book of Jonah is only 4 chapters long but it makes a serious point that God’s mercy extends to all, not just its “insiders”. The book is fiction, including its main characters.Author is unknown, setting in Assyrian Empire around 750 B.CJonah is Portrayed as scatterbrained and self-surving, sulks when God is more merciful to sinners then Jonah had expectedGod tells Jonah to go to Nineveh to warn its people that their wickedness is known and they will be punished. - Jonah to do with these people so instead of obeying God he flees to a ship bound for a distant land. Jonah is eaten by a fish and remains in his stomach for 3 days. Jonah is spit out and God now has his attention, God sends him a second time He delivers the message and after only one day of his arrival the people repent and fast. God doesn’t destroy the city after allJonah throws Gods mercy back in his faceJonah would rather die than lose his credibility as a prophet when his message does not come true.
Ezra and Nehemiah had worked to purify Judaism of foreign elements and build the boundaries of Jewish identity.Some took it as Isreal alone could be worthy of God’s mercy.Book of Jonan was written to argue against the narrow-minded spirit.God called to be alright to the rest of the world.
Jonan throws God’s mercy back into his face.Reason on why he refused to go to Nineven. He knew God would be too kindhearted to people.God makes it known that this grumpy prophet has no right to be angry. Book ends not knowing his answer.
Proverbs: What is a good life?<br />Parenting<br />Discipline your children while there is hope; do not set your heart on their destruction <br />Communication<br />A soft answer turns away wrath; but a harsh word stirs up anger<br />Attitude<br />Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall<br />
Manners at court<br />A gift opens doors; it gives access to the great<br />Work<br />In a toil there is profit, but mere talk leads only to poverty<br />Conducting business<br />The integrity of the upright guides them, but the crookedness of the treacherous destroys them <br />
Reputation <br />A good name is to be chosen rather than great riches, and a favor is better than silver or gold<br />Leadership<br />If a ruler listens to falsehood, all of his officials will be wicked<br />Gossip<br />A perverse person spreads strife, and a whisperer separates close friends<br />
Learning <br />A fool takes no pleasure in understanding but only in expressing personal opinion<br />Relationships with neighbors<br />A generous person will be enriched, and one who gives water will get water<br />
The Story of Job<br />Job has a wealthy family with good health<br />Job loses everything<br />Job doesn’t question God, and Job trusts in God<br />Job wants to find out why the good suffer<br />Got tells Job that He is the creator of the universe<br />Job is awed and humbled, and admits that the mystery of life is too great for him to understand<br />
Problem of Evil<br /><ul><li>Problem of Evil is why the good suffer and the wicked</li></li></ul><li>The “Answer”<br />The message of the book of Job, is even in the darkest moments, God is in charge, loving and caring for all of us through it<br />
The Book of Ecclesiastes<br /><ul><li>This book is known for “a pessimistic outlook on life”
The book is about a teacher named Qoheleth, who likes to quiz his students
Qoheleth is worried about injustice and wickedness
Qoheleth came to the conclusion that life was a mystery he couldn’t solve</li></li></ul><li> Wisdom: What is our Final Destiny<br />
Jews had been tortured and put to death not long before his era </li></li></ul><li>The Answer<br /><ul><li>The scholar wanted to know when the rewards would come
He realized that rewards would come in the after life</li></li></ul><li>The Afterlife:<br />Concept of the soul<br />Person as a whole<br />No way for a person to live on<br />Possibility of life beyond death<br />Rare event of restoring people <br />
Sirach: Wisdom in the Teachings of Israel <br />Wisdom as a woman<br />History of Israel<br />Wisdom’s home<br />Teachings of Israel<br />Keeping the commandments<br />Advice given in the book<br />
Praise of Wisdom<br />Chapter 24<br />Wisdom comes from mouth of God<br />
Wisdom’s Testing<br />Tests us<br />Times for growing strong<br />
The Song of Songs: Human & Divine Love<br />Very different<br />Love poems<br />
Stories of Encouragement <br />Jacob, Rebekah, David, Saul, Jonathan.<br />Babylonian Exile<br />Books of Tobit, Judith, and Esther.<br />
Tobit: The Faithful Jew<br />Written by unknown author about 200 B.C.<br />Tobit became sad because he has become blind. (cataracts)<br />
The Rewards of Faith<br />Tobit reminds us that the end Faithful goodness and trust in god are rewarded with blessings.<br />
The grateful dead<br />Book of Tobit shows traces of several ancient stories.<br />
Judith: Courage and Piety<br />Book of Judith written by Palestinian Jew who wrote sometime after 150 B.C.<br />Story set in the Persian period after the Babylonian Exile.<br />
Feast celebrated by the Jews</li></li></ul><li>Jonah: The Parable of Mercy<br />Point of God’s mercy.<br />
We are all “insiders” <br />Ezra and Nehemiah had worked to purify Judaism of foreign elements and build the boundaries of Jewish identity.<br />Some took it as Israel alone could be worthy of God’s mercy.<br />Book of Jonan was written to argue against the narrow-minded spirit.<br />God called to be alright to the rest of the world.<br />
Wisdom and Virtue for Then and Now. <br />Judaism before Jesus was engaged in a kind of ongoing conversation- with itself, God and with culture.<br />Variety outlooks in wisdom books.<br />Builds up rich tradition books of Tobit, Judith Esther and Honan are like responses. They speak powerfully. <br />