The Principles of the Constitution Chapter 3 Section 1
Six Basic Principles <ul><li>Popular Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Limited government </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of powe...
Popular Sovereignty <ul><li>“ We the People  of the United States…do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United...
Limited Government <ul><li>Government must obey the law </li></ul><ul><li>Only have powers granted by the people through t...
Separation of Powers <ul><li>Powers are distributed between three distinct branches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative Bran...
Checks and Balances <ul><li>Each branch of government is subject to restraints by the other branches </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Judicial Review <ul><li>Power of the courts to determine whether something the government does is in accordance with the C...
Federalism <ul><li>Division of power among a central government and several regional ones </li></ul><ul><li>National gover...
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Chapter 3 Section 1 (The Principles Of The Constituion) Slideshare

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Chapter 3 Section 1 (The Principles Of The Constituion) Slideshare

  1. 1. The Principles of the Constitution Chapter 3 Section 1
  2. 2. Six Basic Principles <ul><li>Popular Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Limited government </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of powers </li></ul><ul><li>Checks and balances </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial Review </li></ul><ul><li>Federalism </li></ul>
  3. 3. Popular Sovereignty <ul><li>“ We the People of the United States…do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.” </li></ul><ul><li>People are the only source for government’s power </li></ul>
  4. 4. Limited Government <ul><li>Government must obey the law </li></ul><ul><li>Only have powers granted by the people through the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>No one is above the law </li></ul><ul><li>Frost/Nixon </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.traileraddict.com/trailer/frost-nixon/trailer </li></ul>
  5. 5. Separation of Powers <ul><li>Powers are distributed between three distinct branches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative Branch—Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive Branch—the President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial Branch—the courts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>James Madison—Federalist No. 47 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“The accumulation of all powers…in the same hands, whether one, few, or many…may justly be pronounced the very definition of tyranny.” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Checks and Balances <ul><li>Each branch of government is subject to restraints by the other branches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President can veto laws made by Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress can override a veto </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidential appointments must be confirmed by Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress provides funding for military </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Courts determine Constitutionality of acts of Congress and President </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Judicial Review <ul><li>Power of the courts to determine whether something the government does is in accordance with the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Hamilton— Federalist No. 78 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Independent judges essential safeguard against the effects of occasional ill humors in society.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marbury v. Madison—1803; established power of judicial review </li></ul>
  8. 8. Federalism <ul><li>Division of power among a central government and several regional ones </li></ul><ul><li>National government’s got some powers, the 50 states’ have got some powers </li></ul>

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