Amazon Region Protected Areas Program (ARPA): Innovation in Protected Areas System Management

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Presentation given at the preparatory meeting for the COP 8 of the biodiversity convention, in Rome, Feb 2008

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Amazon Region Protected Areas Program (ARPA): Innovation in Protected Areas System Management

  1. 1. Amazon Region Protected Areas Program Innovation in Protected Areas System Management Ronaldo Weigand Jr. , Ph.D. – Rome – Feb 2008
  2. 2. What is ARPA?
  3. 3. ARPA Program The largest initiative to create and implement protected areas on the Planet.
  4. 4. Targets <ul><li>Protect at least 50 million hectares of Amazonian forests. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish perennial complementary financial mechanisms to sustain PAs in the long run. </li></ul><ul><li>Forests and financial support “for ever”. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Finances <ul><li>US$ 400 million </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Endowment fund (FAP – Protected Areas Fund): US$ 240 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only US$ 8 per hectare </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Results
  7. 7. Financial performance
  8. 8. Results - Area
  9. 11. What makes up an effective program?
  10. 12. What makes up an effective program? Partnership, participation, strategic vision, informatization, capacity building, financial sustainability.
  11. 13. Partnership
  12. 14. Partnership <ul><li>Ministry of Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Donors: GEF/World Bank, KfW e WWF </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial resources and supervision </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federal and state PA Agencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical execution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (Funbio) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial execution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technical cooperation: GTZ and WWF </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support to innovation and capacity building </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local organizations and private companies </li></ul>
  13. 15. Partnership <ul><li>Financial resources are donated to Funbio </li></ul><ul><li>Free from government constraints and co-financing limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector (and donor) rules </li></ul><ul><li>Relative flexibility </li></ul>
  14. 16. Participation
  15. 17. Participation <ul><li>Recognition of mutual dependency </li></ul><ul><li>Common identity </li></ul><ul><li>Meetings and participation forums </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical forum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity building group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Donor/management monthly meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Advisory Panel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Program committee </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. Strategic focus
  17. 19. Strategic Focus <ul><li>We do not have all the money needed to implement all the PAs </li></ul><ul><li>We have to establish priorities based on sound criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Two mechanisms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Map of Biodiversity Priority Areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation and Investment Strategy </li></ul></ul>
  18. 20. Biodiversity Priority Areas <ul><li>1999: first map </li></ul><ul><li>2006: update </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation Systematic Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2004: official recognition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation and negotiation to incorporate local knowledge and regional planning instruments </li></ul></ul>
  19. 22. Conservation and Investment Strategy <ul><li>Management is the art of establishing priorities, deciding what is to be done now, what is to be done later, and what will never be done, despite how nice it would be to do it, considering our limited resources. </li></ul><ul><li>If you don´t establish priorities you risk not accomplishing anything </li></ul>
  20. 23. Conservation and Investment Strategy <ul><li>A tool to identify and negotiate priorities in PA creation, implementation and consolidation, according to program targets and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>A model considering ecological representativeness, level of threat (urgency), managerial capacity and management effectiveness, and the potential contribution to the Program targets. </li></ul>
  21. 24. Ecological representativeness <ul><li>Conservation targets comprised of a combination of vegetation types and WWF´s ecoregions </li></ul><ul><li>Validate by the Scientific Advisory Panel </li></ul><ul><li>About 250 conservation targets </li></ul><ul><li>10% of each target </li></ul>
  22. 25. Level of threat <ul><li>30 year-model </li></ul><ul><li>Considers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business as usual scenarios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government plans (roads and infrastructure) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Validate by the Scientific Advisory Panel </li></ul>
  23. 26. Business-as-usual
  24. 27. Perda até 2004 Fonte: Nelson, Soares e Albernaz 2006
  25. 28. Perda simulada até 2036 Fonte: Nelson, Soares e Albernaz 2006
  26. 29. Managerial capacity <ul><li>Allocation of minimum team to the PA </li></ul><ul><li>Average daily expenditure capacity </li></ul>
  27. 30. Management Effectiveness
  28. 31. Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool - METT <ul><li>Proposed by the World Bank/WWF Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use. </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted by GEF Biodiversity Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>WCPA Framework </li></ul>
  29. 32. Tracking Tool
  30. 33. Adaptations <ul><li>One aspect per question </li></ul><ul><li>Simplify and rephrase the questions as indicators. </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate additional subquestions (or make them indicators). </li></ul><ul><li>Change from an ordinal scoring system (0-1-2-3) to a percentage (%) scoring system. </li></ul><ul><li>Divide the questions per subprogram of work of the PA. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Management plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demarcation and land consolidation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operationalization: infra-structure and equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and monitoring </li></ul></ul>
  31. 34. Adapting the questionnaire 108 words Translation of the scoring system 45 words
  32. 35. Adaptations <ul><li>Identify among the indicators the ones that represent the Program´s reference indicators. </li></ul><ul><li>Determine which score level represents a PA that has reached the level of establishment or consolidation. </li></ul>
  33. 36. Adaptations <ul><li>Re-classify indicators according to PDCA (or WCPA) approach (Plan, Do, Check, Act) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inputs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actions (Process) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impacts </li></ul></ul>
  34. 37. Adaptations <ul><li>Develop a different system to evaluate effectiveness, mainly, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>do not sum results and inputs (effectiveness is results per input, not results plus inputs; the more results with less inputs, the more effective you are). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Change the scoring system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From sum-all to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Results (cummulative and average) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Results per action (efficacy) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Actions per input (efficiency) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Results per input (effectiveness) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 38. Adaptations <ul><li>Consolidate the PAET (PA Evaluation Tool), but maintain its possibility to be translated into METT </li></ul><ul><li>Keep communication with global evaluation innitiatives </li></ul>
  36. 39. Adaptations <ul><li>Develop an Internet interface for PAET application, approval and public control, integrated with the National Database on Protected Areas: SysARPA </li></ul><ul><li>Develop TTs for other program components, including Program Coordination. </li></ul>
  37. 40. On-line Tool Applied every 6 months
  38. 42. Use it for Planning <ul><li>Why monitor? Why self-evaluate? The same tool was adapted for planning. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PAs use the Program´s reference indicators to plan targets. They revise the present year´s target for each indicator and plan the next two years: Pluri-annual Strategic Plan (PSP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Express annual targets using numbers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop an Internet interface for PSP: SysARPA. </li></ul>
  39. 43. Target Planning
  40. 44. Financial Model <ul><li>How much does ARPA cost? </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a typology - 8 types of PAs, according to: size, type of access, category </li></ul><ul><li>Model costs for each reference indicator. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investiment costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance costs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Let PAs plan. </li></ul>
  41. 45. Combine all in a Linear Program <ul><li>Solver addin of MS Excell </li></ul><ul><ul><li>allows you to model a choice of options according to targets, resources and constraints. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>each PA enters with its investment and recurrent costs (which are constrained by Program resources), its contribution to the Program targets (the area of each conservation target, its management effectiveness pluri-annual targets, and its area in the respective category). </li></ul></ul>
  42. 46. Validation <ul><li>Negotiate targets and costs with ARPA implementers </li></ul><ul><li>Run Solver several times </li></ul><ul><li>Create a report </li></ul><ul><li>Submit to the approval of the Program Commitee </li></ul>
  43. 47. INFORMATIZED SYSTEMS
  44. 48. “ The Brain” System <ul><li>Implemented by Funbio </li></ul><ul><li>flow of managerial decisions regarding inputs that PAs need to implement the project. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approvals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquisitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial Reports </li></ul></ul>
  45. 49. SisARPA Protected Areas National Database PA Evaluation Tool Pluriannual strategic plan PA work plan Inputs plan Conservation and Investment Strategy Orders Acquisitions Receival The Brain/Funbio Target management and reports Equipment and facilities maintenance Virtual Library Biodiversity monitoring Capacity building SisARPA 1 SisARPA 2 SisARPA 3
  46. 51. Publication and access <ul><li>Publication with description, methodology and results 2007 will be launched during COP 9 </li></ul><ul><li>Link (in Portuguese) for guests: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://sistemas.mma.gov.br/arpa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Login: 33333333333 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Password:3 </li></ul></ul>
  47. 52. FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY
  48. 53. Financial Sustainability <ul><li>Endowment fund: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundo de Áreas Protegidas (Protected Areas Fund) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Target 240 million </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Innovative financial instruments </li></ul>
  49. 54. Fundo de Áreas Protegidas <ul><li>Foreign returns </li></ul>
  50. 55. Fundo de Áreas Protegidas
  51. 56. What makes up an effective program? Partnership, participation, strategic vision, informatization, capacity building, financial sustainability.
  52. 57. Ronaldo Weigand Jr. - www.mma.gov.br/arpa - arpa@mma.gov.br

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