Legal Rights of Breastfeeding Mothers


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brief presentation on various Philippine laws which focus on the legal rights of breastfeeding mothers

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Legal Rights of Breastfeeding Mothers

  1. 1. Legal Rights of Breastfeeding Mothers Legal Rights of Breastfeeding Mothers
  2. 2. Relevant Laws and Regulations <ul><li>International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Order No. 51 or the Milk Code </li></ul><ul><li>Republic Act No. 7600 or The Rooming-in and Breastfeeding Act of 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Republic Act No. 10028 or Expanded Breastfeeding and Promotion Act </li></ul><ul><li>IRR and RIRR of the Milk Code </li></ul><ul><li>IRR of Expanded Breastfeeding and Promotion Act </li></ul>Legal Rights of Breastfeeding Mothers
  3. 3. International Code of Marketing Breastmilk Substitutes <ul><li>Aim – protect and promote breastfeeding by ensuring appropriate marketing and distribution of breastmilk substitutes </li></ul><ul><li>Covers infant formula, other milk products, cereals for infants, vegetable mixes, baby teas and juices, follow-up milks  when marketed or otherwise represented as partial or total replacement for breastmilk </li></ul><ul><li>Also applies to feeding bottles and teats </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited acts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No advertising to the public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No free samples to mothers, families or health workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No promotion (product displays, posters, free gifts/samples or free or low-cost supplies to any part of health care system) </li></ul></ul>Legal Rights of Breastfeeding Mothers
  4. 4. E.O. No. 51 or the Milk Code <ul><li>Signed into law by former Pres. Cory Aquino on 20 October 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Important to understand scope: breastmilk substitutes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infant formula, other milk products, foods and beverages, feeding bottles and teats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regulated acts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertising – needs prior permission from Inter-Agency Committee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prohibited acts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Giving of samples and supplies of products, gifts of any sort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Point-of-sale advertising, promotion device (displays, discount coupons, premiums, special sales, bonus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Giving of gifts/articles/utensils which promote use of breastmilk substitutes or bottlefeeding </li></ul></ul>Legal Rights of Breastfeeding Mothers
  5. 5. Violations of the Milk Code Legal Rights of Breastfeeding Mothers
  6. 6. Republic Act No. 7600 <ul><li>Rooming in as a national policy to encourage, protect and support breastfeeding </li></ul><ul><li>Covers all private and government health institution </li></ul><ul><li>Exemptions – mothers who are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seriously ill, taking medications contraindicated to breastfeeding, violent/psychotic or those whose conditions do not permit breastfeeding or rooming-in </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide facilities for breastfeeding collection and storage </li></ul>Legal Rights of Breastfeeding Mothers
  7. 7. Legal Rights of Breastfeeding Mothers Salient Points of Republic Act No. 10028 <ul><li>Signed into law by former Pres. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on 16 March 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Setting up of lactation stations in private enterprises (including NGOs) and government offices </li></ul><ul><li>Expenses incurred for setting up stations, lactation programs are deductible expenses for income tax purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of “lactation periods” for breastfeeding employees in addition to meal times (at least a total of 40 minutes for every 8-hour work period) </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage health institutions to put up breast milk banks </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion of breastfeeding in school curriculums </li></ul><ul><li>Set August every year as Breastfeeding Awareness Month </li></ul>
  8. 8. Legal Rights of Breastfeeding Mothers IRR and RIRR of the Milk Code <ul><li>No more TV ads, billboard, print ads, radio ads for products within the scope of the Code. But companies get around this: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-branding their products. E.g. Enfamama to promote Enfa+ line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoting milk for older kids e.g. 3+ and usually these follow-on milk have the same brands </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No more visible health/nutritional claims – companies still do this for follow-on milk. Check photo. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase of scope: from 0-12 months to 24 months </li></ul><ul><li>Now considers the “total effect” of advertising materials instead of specific prohibitions on text/information </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition on health/nutrition claims (gifted child, higher IQ) </li></ul><ul><li>No manufacturers, distributors, representatives are allowed in ANY activity on breastfeeding promotion, classes/seminars for women and children </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance and reporting violations are BIG ISSUES </li></ul>Violation: False or misleading information or claim.
  9. 9. Legal Rights of Breastfeeding Mothers <ul><li>Provision of lactation stations and implementation of a workplace policy that protects, promotes and supports the breastfeeding program </li></ul><ul><li>Requires that workplaces comply with the Milk Code </li></ul><ul><li>Requires that employers make sure that staff/employees are made aware of RA10028 and IRR – give information on how women can combine work and breastfeeding </li></ul><ul><li>Lactation periods: 2-3 breastmilk expressions lasting 15-30 minutes each within a workday </li></ul>IRR of RA10028
  10. 10. Your Role as LATCH Counselors <ul><li>Be aware of Milk Code violations and DO NOT VIOLATE THE MILK CODE </li></ul><ul><li>Apprise mothers of their rights under the Rooming in Act - suggest that they print-out Unang Yakap Step by Step Guide before delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Inform them that they can continue to breastfeed even if they return to work and inform them about the lactation room and policy requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage them to talk to HR about setting up lactation rooms/policy at their work place if not available. </li></ul>Legal Rights of Breastfeeding Mothers