Biological Names Talk 01

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  • uBio is an initiative within the science library community to join international efforts to create and utilize a comprehensive and collaborative catalog of known names of all living (and once-living) organisms. The Taxonomic Name Server (TNS) catalogs names and classifications to enable tools that can help users find information on living things using any of the names that may be related to an organism. Produced by the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole; funded by the Mellon Foundation
  • Nomenclator Zoologicus is a continuous record of the bibliographical origins of the names of every genus and subgenus in zoology published since the 10th ed. of Linnaeus' Systema Naturae in 1758 up to 1994 in nine volumes.  Names are listed alphabetically, with a bibliographic reference to the original description of each one and an indication of the animal group to which it belongs.  There are an estimated 340,000 genera represented in the text as well as approximately 3000 supplemental corrections.
  • Biological Names Talk 01

    1. 1. BIOLOGICAL NAMES Richard Wakeford November 2009
    2. 2. Biological Names <ul><ul><li>Common name </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific name </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tree of Life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Species </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Order </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phylum </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kingdom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Superkingdom </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. A Bear by Any Other Name
    4. 4. Biological Names <ul><ul><li>Koala Bear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phascolarctos cinereus  (Goldfuss, 1817) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phascolarctidae (Owen, 1839) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vombatiformes (Burnett, 1830) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diprotodontia (Owen, 1866) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Metatheria (Huxley, 1880) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theria (Parker and Haswell, 1897) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mammalia (Linnaeus, 1758) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vertebrata </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chordata </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Animalia </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Getting the Name Right <ul><ul><li>Common name or scientific name? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One name for several organisms? (homonyms) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Several names for one organism? (synonyms) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Name is mis-spelt, dubious, disputed or superseded? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where does the name fit in the Tree? – species, genus etc? </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Getting the Name Right <ul><ul><li>Ubio </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.ubio.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biosis Index to Organism Names </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.organismnames.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curiosities of Biological Nomenclature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http:// www.curioustaxonomy.net / </li></ul>
    7. 7. Getting the Name Right - plants, bacteria & viruses <ul><ul><li>International Plant Names Database </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.ipni.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.bacterio.cict.fr </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Universal Virus Database </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/ </li></ul>
    8. 8. Bibliographic References <ul><ul><li>Biological Abstracts (OvidSP ) BL online from 1985- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biosis Previews (Thomson) BL online from 1969- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biological Abstracts (print) 1926- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zoological Record (Thomson) BL online from 1865- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nomenclator Zoologicus 1758-1994 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://uio.mbl.edu/NomenclatorZoologicus/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Index Animalium 1758-1800 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/indexanimalium </li></ul>
    9. 9. Text & Images <ul><ul><li>Species2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.sp2000.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiversity Heritage Library </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encyclopedia of Life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.eol.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tree of Life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://tolweb.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxonomy resources - NCBI </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/taxonomyhome.html/index.cgi?chapter =resources </li></ul>
    10. 10. Data <ul><ul><li>UK National Biodiversity Network Gateway </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http:// data.nbn.org.uk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EUNIS (European Nature Information System) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http:// eunis.eea.europa.eu </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.gbif.org </li></ul>
    11. 11. Web Resources <ul><ul><li>Biology Browser </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.biologybrowser.org </li></ul>
    12. 12. Specimens & Collections <ul><ul><li>Biocase </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.biocase.org </li></ul>

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