The 2014 general election is taking place in nine phases in India, the
longest election in the country's history, from 7 April to 12 May 2014 to
constitute the 16th Lok Sabha. Voting will take place in all
543 parliamentary constituencies of India to elect members of
parliament in the Lok Sabha. The result of this election will be declared
on 16 May, before the 15th Lok Sabha completes its constitutional
mandate on 31 May 2014.
According to the Election Commission of India, the electoral
population in 2014 is 814.5 million, the largest in the world.
There is an increase in newly eligible voters of 100 million since
the last general election in 2009. This will be the longest and the
most expensive general election in the history of the country.
By constitutional requirement, elections to the Lok Sabha must be held
at most every five years or whenever parliament is dissolved by
the president. The previous election, to the 15th Lok Sabha, was
conducted in April–May 2009, and its term will naturally expire on 31
May 2014. The election is being organised and conducted by the Election
Commission of India (ECI) and are held in multiple phases, to better
handle the large electoral base and security concerns.
Since the last general election in 2009, the 2011 Indian anti-corruption
movement by Anna Hazare, and other similar moves by Baba
Ramdev and Arvind Kejriwal, have gathered momentum and political
interest. Kejriwal went on to form a separate political party of Aam
Aadmi Party in November 2012. The 2012 presidential election, resulted
in Pranab Mukherjee of Indian National Congress becoming the
Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi was chosen to be the Prime Ministorial
Candidate and He will lead the BJP’s campaign. Murli Manohar
Joshi and Sushma Swaraj were part of team for the campaign. Rajnath
Singh, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Lal Krishna Advani were the mentors for the
MODI WAVE : in support of the BJP campaign slogan that were
premised on "Aab ki baar, Modi sarkar“. By the last day of
campaigning on May 10, Narendra Modi would have undertaken the
largest mass outreach in India's electoral history by travelling
about 300,000 km for 437 public meetings in 25 states besides
1350 innovative 3D rallies.
In regards to foreign relations of India, Modi in a rally in Arunachel
Pradesh, bordering China with a history of disputes, sweared to
protect the country and criticised "Chinese
expansionism." Elsewhere, he also said that issues like trade
facilitation and promoting Indian business abroad should be given
The Indian National Congress had announced, on the fourth anniversary of the
second United Progressive Alliance government, that its campaign for the
election would be led by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, INC chairperson Sonia
Gandhi and general secretary Rahul Gandhi.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has ruled himself out as a prime ministerial
candidate. Rahul Gandhi told Dainik Bhaskar that he was "ready to take charge"
of any responsibility the party gave him. At the party meeting it was decided not
to name a prime ministerial candidate amid fears it would turn the election into
a presidential one.
Following an electoral win from the 2013 Delhi election, the Aam Aadmi Part will
be contesting from contested from 424 constituencies in India.
Days after Kejriwal resigned as the Chief Minister of Delhi in mid-February, the
AAP announced its first 20 candidates. It would also contest 350 of the 543
seats in the election.
Party founder Kejriwal will compete against the BJP's prime ministerial
candidate Modi from Varanasi.The AAP has also questioned the BJP campaign
funding and alleged Modi had links with business tycoons who were sponsoring
In total there were 14 lakhs electronic voting machines.
On 16 April, India's Election Commission announced over 68% of
eligible voters had casted their vote in the first four phases, compared
to 58% observed overall voter turnout in the previous election.