Jane jacobs death and life the great american cities


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Jane jacobs death and life the great american cities

  1. 1. Jane Jacob Chapter 4
  2. 2. “This chapter is an attack on current city planning and rebuilding. It is also, and mostly, an attempt to introduce new principles of city planning and rebuilding, different and opposite from those now taught in everything from school or architecture and planning to the Sunday supplements and women’s magazine”. (p.103)
  3. 3. • The City Garden• The Radian City• The City Beautiful
  4. 4. The City GardenScenes of the London slum life that appalled Howard.Major problems included overcrowding, disease, filth,and crime. a reformer appalled by the living condition of London’s poor. London slump: 1901
  5. 5. Howard’s “magnet” compares the attractions of townand country, and suggests a synthesis in the ideal of aGarden City.Letchworth Garden City, built in order todemonstrate Howard’s ideas, became the modelfor a bunch of “New Towns” and “Garden Cities”in England and the United States,including:Chatham Village (Pittsburgh), GardenCity, NewYork, Baldwin Hills Village, Los Angeles
  6. 6. Le Corbusier, 1887-1965“Suppose we are entering the city by way of the Great Park. Our fastcar takes the special elevated motor track between the majestic skyscrapers; as we approach nearer, there is seen the repetition againstthe sky of the 24 skyscrapers; to our left and right on the outskirts ofeach particular area are the municipal and administrative buildings;and enclosing the space are the museums and university buildings.The whole city is a Park.” (p.117)
  7. 7. Daniel Burnham, 1846-1912“One heavy, grandiose monument after another was arranged in theexposition park, like frosted pastries on a tray, in a sort of squat, decorativeforecast of Le Corbusier’s later repetitive ranks of towers in a park. Thisorgiastic assemblage of the rich and monumental captured the imaginationof both planners and public. It gave impetus to a movement called the CityBeautiful... The aim of the City Beautiful was the City Monumental, modeledon the fair” (p.119)
  8. 8. Very Different Models “The Decentrists ... were aghast at Le Corbusier’s city of towers:: Garden suburbs, in the park... And yet, ironically, the Radiant City comes directly:: Modernist Skylines, out of the Garden City. Le:: Theme Park down-town. Corbusier accepted the Garden City’s fundamental image, superficially at least, and worked to make it practical for high densities. “The solution will be found in the ‘vertical garden city.” (p.117)
  9. 9. Thank you Jane Jacobs
  10. 10. Robert Moses brought the Radiant City to New York. His vision of themodernized city included expresswaysthat encouraged a car culture of commuting in and out of NewYork. Jacobs was one of his fiercest opponents. End