Poetry andPoetry and
Three Forms of PoetryThree Forms of Poetry
• Free Verse
Figurative LanguageFigurative Language
• What is a couplet?
• Couplets are any two lines that
work together and form their own
stanza or are part of a larger stanza.
Most couplets rhyme (AA pattern),
but they do not have to rhyme.
• Couplet Examples
Tickle Day: Poems by Father Goose
– By Charles Ghigna
• from Little Daddy Longlegs
Little Daddy Longlegs played in the sun,
Climbing up the front steps just for fun.
• from Turtle Trouble
Tell me if you think you know
How to make a turtle go.
• from Tomorrow's My Birthday
Tomorrow's my birthday and I'll be four
And I won't have to stay home anymore.
• from Nature's Shows
Nature puts on little shows
Every time it rains or snows.
• Pumpkins on Guard
Look at all the pumpkin faces
Lighting up so many places.
On the porch and in the yard,
Pumpkin faces standing guard.
Looking friendly, looking mean,
With a smile or with a scream.
Orange faces burning bright
In the cool October night.
Simile-Simile- Figurative LanguageFigurative Language
• What is a simile?
• A simile is a comparison between
unlike things using the words like
and as to make the comparison.
• My face is like a tomato.
• My face is red as a tomato.
• My bank account is dry as a bone.
• Her smile is bright like the sun.
• Her smile is as bright as the sun.
• Love is like a ghost.
• The sky was bright like fire.
• The sky was as bright as a fire.
Metaphor-Metaphor- Figurative LanguageFigurative Language
• What is a metaphor?
• A metaphor is the comparison
between unlike things WITHOUT
using the words like or as.
• Socks are hats for the feet.
• A storm is a dance telling a great
• Eyes are a story of your life.
• Love is a rocky journey.
• Her hair was a chocolate candy bar.
• My heart is a serious story.
• Words are weapons and should be
• What is a limerick?
• A limerick is a five lined poem
with the rhyming pattern:
• The rhyming pattern looks like this:
Limericks are usually very witty,
humorous, funny, or silly! When you
write your own limerick, think of it as
a very, very short story.
• There was an old lady whose chin
resembled the point of a pin;
so she had it made sharp,
and purchased a harp,
and played several tunes with her chin.
There was a young lady whose eyes
were unique as to color and size.
when she opened them wide,
people all turned aside,
and started away in surprise.
There was an old man in a tree
Whose whiskers were lovely to see;
But the birds of the air
Plucked them perfectly bare
To make themselves nests in that tree.
• -Edgar Lear
Alliteration-Alliteration- Figurative LanguageFigurative Language
• What is alliteration?
Alliteration is the repetition
(repeating) of the same consonant
sound at the beginning of words.
• Peter Piper picked a patch of pickled
• The whisper of the wind whirled on
our wooden home.
• The molding of the mud made a
• The soft snow fell slowly on the
• Social studies has spoiled my super
• There is too much talent in Ms.
• Busy as a bee
• Donald Duck, Mickey Mouse, Minnie
Onomatopoeia-Onomatopoeia-Figurative LanguageFigurative Language
• What is onomatopoeia?
Onomatopoeia is the use of words
that suggest or sound the like
sounds, objects, or actions they
Personification-Personification-Figurative LanguageFigurative Language
• What is personification?
Personification is when you give
non-human things human
characteristics and qualities.
• The spoon was the first to speak.
• The car laughed as I pulled off the
• The lazy vacuum cleaner refused to
• The smiling moon came out early
• Apples live with their families in a
• The camera loves me!
• My computer hates me!
• The mirror winked at me as I put on
Free Verse-Free Verse-PoetryPoetry
• What is free verse?
Free verse is the poem for you if
you like to break the rules. A free
verse poem does not have to rhyme,
but can have any pattern. Free
verse gives you a lot of freedom to
express yourself. Free verse can be
either rhymed or unrhymed and
have no set meter.
By Carl Sandburg
The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on.
By Carl Sandburg
I SALUTED a nobody.
I saw him in a looking-glass.
He smiled- so did I.
He crumpled the skin on his forehead, frowning- so did I.
Everything I did he did.
I said, “Hello, I know you.”
And I was a liar to say so.
Ah, this looking-glass man!
Liar, fool, dreamer, play-actor,
Soldier, dusty-drinker of dust
Ah! he will go with me
Down the dark stairway
When nobody else is looking,
When everybody else is gone.
He locks his elbow in mine,
I lose all-but not him.
I, Too, Sing America
By Langston Hughes
I, too, sing America.
I am the darker brother.
They send me to eat in the kitchen
When company comes,
But I laugh,
And eat well,
And grow strong.
I’ll be at the table
When company comes.
Say to me,
“Eat in the kitchen,”
They’ll see how beautiful I am
And be ashamed-
I, too, am America.
Hyperbole-Hyperbole- Figurative LanguageFigurative Language
• What is a hyperbole?
A hyperbole is an exaggeration.
• I am so hungry I could eat a horse.
• My homework is piled to the ceiling.
• You are so tall you can touch the
• Our class is so big it can reach across
• That cat is as big as a whale.
• My brain is the size of a peanut.
• Sam is a hundred feet tall.