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Poetry and figurative language 2


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Poetry and figurative language 2

  1. 1. Poetry andPoetry and FigurativeFigurative LanguageLanguage
  2. 2. Three Forms of PoetryThree Forms of Poetry • Couplet • Limerick • Free Verse
  3. 3. Figurative LanguageFigurative Language • Simile • Metaphor • Alliteration • Onomatopoeia • Personification • Hyperbole
  4. 4. Couplet-Couplet- PoetryPoetry • What is a couplet? • Couplets are any two lines that work together and form their own stanza or are part of a larger stanza. Most couplets rhyme (AA pattern), but they do not have to rhyme.
  5. 5. • Couplet Examples Tickle Day: Poems by Father Goose – By Charles Ghigna • from Little Daddy Longlegs Little Daddy Longlegs played in the sun, Climbing up the front steps just for fun.
  6. 6. • from Turtle Trouble Tell me if you think you know How to make a turtle go. • from Tomorrow's My Birthday Tomorrow's my birthday and I'll be four And I won't have to stay home anymore. • from Nature's Shows Nature puts on little shows Every time it rains or snows.
  7. 7. • Pumpkins on Guard Look at all the pumpkin faces Lighting up so many places. On the porch and in the yard, Pumpkin faces standing guard. Looking friendly, looking mean, With a smile or with a scream. Orange faces burning bright In the cool October night.
  8. 8. Simile-Simile- Figurative LanguageFigurative Language • What is a simile? • A simile is a comparison between unlike things using the words like and as to make the comparison.
  9. 9. • My face is like a tomato. • My face is red as a tomato. • My bank account is dry as a bone. • Her smile is bright like the sun. • Her smile is as bright as the sun.
  10. 10. • Love is like a ghost. • The sky was bright like fire. • The sky was as bright as a fire.
  11. 11. Metaphor-Metaphor- Figurative LanguageFigurative Language • What is a metaphor? • A metaphor is the comparison between unlike things WITHOUT using the words like or as.
  12. 12. • Socks are hats for the feet. • A storm is a dance telling a great story! • Eyes are a story of your life. • Love is a rocky journey.
  13. 13. • Her hair was a chocolate candy bar. • My heart is a serious story. • Words are weapons and should be used carefully.
  14. 14. Limerick-Limerick- PoetryPoetry • What is a limerick? • A limerick is a five lined poem with the rhyming pattern: A A B B A
  15. 15. • The rhyming pattern looks like this: A A B B A Limericks are usually very witty, humorous, funny, or silly! When you write your own limerick, think of it as a very, very short story.
  16. 16. • There was an old lady whose chin resembled the point of a pin; so she had it made sharp, and purchased a harp, and played several tunes with her chin.
  17. 17. There was a young lady whose eyes were unique as to color and size. when she opened them wide, people all turned aside, and started away in surprise.
  18. 18. There was an old man in a tree Whose whiskers were lovely to see; But the birds of the air Plucked them perfectly bare To make themselves nests in that tree. • -Edgar Lear
  19. 19. Alliteration-Alliteration- Figurative LanguageFigurative Language • What is alliteration? Alliteration is the repetition (repeating) of the same consonant sound at the beginning of words.
  20. 20. • Peter Piper picked a patch of pickled peppers. • The whisper of the wind whirled on our wooden home. • The molding of the mud made a marvelous masterpiece. • The soft snow fell slowly on the sidewalk.
  21. 21. • Social studies has spoiled my super supper. • There is too much talent in Ms. Tang’s class. • Busy as a bee • Donald Duck, Mickey Mouse, Minnie Mouse
  22. 22. Onomatopoeia-Onomatopoeia-Figurative LanguageFigurative Language • What is onomatopoeia? Onomatopoeia is the use of words that suggest or sound the like sounds, objects, or actions they name.
  23. 23. • Slurp • Bang • Splash • Ring, Ring
  24. 24. • Hiss • Woof! Woof! • Click • Tick, tock! • Oink, oink! • Buzzzzzz!
  25. 25. Personification-Personification-Figurative LanguageFigurative Language • What is personification? Personification is when you give non-human things human characteristics and qualities.
  26. 26. • The spoon was the first to speak. • The car laughed as I pulled off the road! • The lazy vacuum cleaner refused to work! • The smiling moon came out early tonight!
  27. 27. • Apples live with their families in a tree. • The camera loves me! • My computer hates me! • The mirror winked at me as I put on my makeup!
  28. 28. Free Verse-Free Verse-PoetryPoetry • What is free verse? Free verse is the poem for you if you like to break the rules. A free verse poem does not have to rhyme, but can have any pattern. Free verse gives you a lot of freedom to express yourself. Free verse can be either rhymed or unrhymed and have no set meter.
  29. 29. Fog By Carl Sandburg The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on.
  30. 30. Chicago Poet By Carl Sandburg I SALUTED a nobody. I saw him in a looking-glass. He smiled- so did I. He crumpled the skin on his forehead, frowning- so did I. Everything I did he did. I said, “Hello, I know you.” And I was a liar to say so. Ah, this looking-glass man! Liar, fool, dreamer, play-actor, Soldier, dusty-drinker of dust Ah! he will go with me Down the dark stairway When nobody else is looking, When everybody else is gone. He locks his elbow in mine, I lose all-but not him.
  31. 31. I, Too, Sing America By Langston Hughes I, too, sing America. I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes, But I laugh, And eat well, And grow strong. Tomorrow, I’ll be at the table When company comes. Nobody’ll dare Say to me, “Eat in the kitchen,” Then. Besides, They’ll see how beautiful I am And be ashamed- I, too, am America.
  32. 32. Hyperbole-Hyperbole- Figurative LanguageFigurative Language • What is a hyperbole? A hyperbole is an exaggeration.
  33. 33. • I am so hungry I could eat a horse. • My homework is piled to the ceiling. • You are so tall you can touch the sky.
  34. 34. • Our class is so big it can reach across the state. • That cat is as big as a whale. • My brain is the size of a peanut. • Sam is a hundred feet tall.