Basic interior design rules


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Basic interior design rules

  2. 2. 1) SPACE A) Height always adds to an impression of space B) People crave for views regardless of what they are viewing C) Lots of glass equals lots of space and light D) The biggest luxury is a view E) In the past people put drapes on windows to block all light but in the 20th century they want light pouring in because it is good for the health
  3. 3. F) Floors bounce back sound and light better than carpet G) Floors maximize the feeling of light and space H) The direction of the flooring can have an impact 1) Diagonal flooring increases the feeling of width 2) Vertical lines accentuate the length and depth, they draw the eyes upward increasing the feeling of height
  4. 4. 3) Horizontal lines like the colors below the day deck brings the height down but increases the feeling of width OTHER TRICKS 1) Strong colors that come forward to greet the eye on short walls decrease the depth but increases the width or the room
  5. 5. 5) If you put strong colors on long walls, you get a long corridor effect 6) Dark colors on the ceiling or on the floor will decrease the feeling of height which makes the room more homey or cozy. Do this when the ceiling is too high.
  6. 6. 6) Dark timber paneling along the stairs heighten the theatricality of coming up the stairs. You walk from the dark timber paneling into the light. 7) Mirrors used like windows reflecting corners of the room make the space look bigger
  7. 7. 8) A big picture in a small room draws your attention to it like an eye magnet instead of on how low the ceiling is or where the corners of the wall are 9) Move the furniture out of the walls 10) Have a lot of storage -declutter, clutter makes a room seem smaller
  8. 8. 11) Strong colors close a room down 12) Maximize the light coming in. Use white or light colored table tops or drawer tops to bounce back sunlight
  9. 9. 2) LIGHT A) Make the most of daylight: It is good for the health B) People are drawn to light as plants are drawn to the sun (human phototropism) C) To maximize light coming in do not clutter the window C) A dramatic lighting scheme can transform your room in an instant from light and functional to atmospheric and moody (the plug-in kind)
  10. 10. C) A dramatic lighting scheme can transform your room in an instant from light and functional to atmospheric and moody (the plug-in kind) D) Light affects the way we see and it directly influences our moods E) You do not see well in a gloomy room but you feel comfortable and happy in a bright room
  11. 11. F) Use a picture frame that reflects light G) Red, orange, brown and black hold daylight like a sponge H) Pale green, pale blue, pale lilac and lighter colors reflect light better.
  12. 12. I) Do not use carpet for a dimly lit room Types of Floors 1) Matte – scatters light in all directions 2) Glossy – bounce back the light back to the ceiling
  13. 13. The way your room faces is a big consideration 1) East and north facing rooms get less sunlight, they tend to be darker and colder. They need bright and warm color palets 2) South and west facing rooms get more sunlight. They should have cooler colors 3) Cool blues are good for hot places but too depressing for cold places
  14. 14. What is the room used for? 1) Is it for relaxing, sleeping or for families to get together? Use warm colors for living rooms and cool colors for bedrooms. 2) Busy family kitchens should have cool relaxing colors 3)Trendy singles can take more drama 4) Strong colors are not good for bathrooms 5) Hallways should have strong colors
  15. 15. 5) Strong colors in restaurants make people hungry and make them eat faster 6) If the room is too large, use strong colors to make it look smaller 7) The interior of spaceCrafts are colored blue to Look bigger 8) Prisons are colored pale c Colors to help the in mates Relax and calm down
  16. 16. Orange: joyful, exciting and stimulates the appetite Yellow: sunny and happy, egotistical,argumentative Green: natural, harmonious and balanced Blue: calming, sleep inducing 3 LAYERS OF LIGHT 1) General Lighting (Ambient Lighting)  Provides an area with Overall illumination
  17. 17. 9)Red: the color of blood, war, fire, assertiveness, boldness, risk, warmness 10) Pink: romantic but can be shocking
  18. 18. Orange: joyful, exciting and stimulates the appetite Yellow: sunny and happy, egotistical,argumentative Green: natural, harmonious and balanced Blue: calming, sleep inducing 3 LAYERS OF LIGHT Layer 1: General Lighting (Ambient Lighting)  Provides an area with Overall illumination > It radiates a comfortable level of brightness without glare and allows you to see and walk about clearly.
  19. 19. >It can be accomplished with chandeliers, ceiling or wall mounted fixtures, recessed or track lights and with lanterns. Layer 2: Accent Lighting >anything that creates a mood, or atmosphere > adds drama to the room by creating visual interest. > It is used to draw the eye to houseplants, paintings, sculptures and other prized possessions. It can also be used to highlight the texture of a brick or stone wall, window treatments or landscaping.
  20. 20. Layer 3: Task Lighting helps you perform specific tasks, such as reading, grooming, preparing and cooking food, doing homework, working on hobbies, playing games and balancing your checkbook. It can be provided by recessed and track lighting, pendant lighting and undercabinet lighting, as well as by portable floor and desk lamps.
  21. 21. Types of Luminaires 1) Recessed-mounted luminaires: direct in distribution(downward) 2) Semi-recessed-mounted luminaires: offer an opportunity to incorporate An indirect component Recess-mounted luminaires 3) spots/projectors 4) Surface mounted or ceiling mounted luminaires: provide general illuminations a) Linear general b) Point general Semi-recessed luminaire Ceiling mounted luminaire Spot lights Linear general Point general
  22. 22. 5) Pendant or suspended luminiares: used to save electricity because of very high ceilings, they are also decorative 6) Free-floor standing luminaires: very flexible, focus the light on a visual task efficiently and economically 7) Up lights or uplighters or floor lights: are a big part of creating drama. They direct light toward the ceiling, which acts as a large reflector creating a soft, ambient light. Uplighters make good background light, because unlike an ambient light that comes from a central source, they cast fewer shadows and enhance the wall. Pendant or suspended luminaires Free standing luminaire Up lights
  23. 23. 8) Trunking lighting system: Economical, used for places that are not permanent 9) Down lights: add subtle lighting to the home 10) Wall lights or whitewash: Use to bring out the texture of the wall 11) Staircase lights To light up the stair, add drama Down light Wall lights
  24. 24. Types of Artificial Light 1) Incandescent bulb: consists of a filament that glows when electricity is passed through it. 2) Halogen lamp: a type of incandescent lamp where highpressure halogen gas is inside the bulb allowing the filament to burn hotter and longer. 3) Gaseous Discharge • This technology passes electricity through a gas, which excites the gas and causes it to glow. Fluorescent, highintensity discharge lights (HID) and low-pressure sodium lights use this technology. HID lamps use different gases to produce light: a) Mercury Vapor b) Metal Halide c) High Pressure Sodium Halogen lamp Metal halide
  25. 25.  Mercury vapor > Flourescent bulb